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Brunswick County, Virginia, USA

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  • Alice Brewer (c.1700 - aft.1750)
    Parents: unknown Spouse: George G. Brewer, Sr. Children: Burwell Brewer (b. 1730) Notes Alice (perhaps Burwell) was the second wife of George Brewer, of Brunswick County (b. circa 1675, d. betwee...
  • George Brewer, of Brunswick County (c.1675 - bef.1744)
    Son of John Brewer III (of VA) Spouse: Sarah Lanier (1st wife) Alice Burwell (2nd wife) Family 1: Sarah Lanier George Brewer+ b. c 1700, d. bt 16 Aug 1760 - 27 Oct 1760 John Brewer b...
  • Talitha Browder (c.1745 - 1828)
    Talitha Cox was born in Brunswick County, Virginia about 1745. This part of Brunswick County was later formed into Lunenberg County. She married Isham Browder on Feb. 3, 1767 in Mecklenburg County, Vir...
  • Col. Nathaniel Edwards (aft.1710 - 1771)
    Biography From page 82 of The William and Mary Quarterly, Volume 15 By Earl Gregg Swem 4 John3 Edwards (William,2 William1) lived in Surry County. In 1694, he was appointed deputy clerk of Surry Co...
  • James Marshall (1767 - 1818)
    Not the same as Capt. James M. Marshall

The first English settlers, in what was to become Brunswick County, swarmed into the relatively protected lands near Fort Christanna during its 4 years of operation (1714–1718). Among them were indentured servants, including men deported from Scotland in 1716 after being convicted by the Crown in the Jacobite rising of 1715. They were required to work under indenture to pay the Crown back for their ship passage. Gradually the colonists pushed many of the Native Americans out of the area.

An example of such a Scots rebel who started in the colony as a convict was James Pittillo. He survived his indenture and in 1726 was granted 242 acres on Wagua Creek. He gradually became a major landowner in the area. He was appointed as a tobacco inspector in Bristol Parish in 1728 and that year served with William Byrd II on his spring and fall expeditions to survey the border between Virginia and North Carolina. Taking advantage of land grants due to headrights, for people whose passage he paid to the colony, and outright purchases, Pittillo ultimately owned more than 4,000 acres in the area of Prince George County, Brunswick, and Dinwiddie counties in Southside Virginia.

Brunswick County was established in 1720 from Prince George County. The county is named for the former Duchy of Brunswick-Lunenburg in Germany. One of the titles carried by Britain's Hanoverian kings was Duke of Brunswick-Lunenburg. In 1732 the county received more land from parts of Surry and Isle of Wight counties. Brunswick County reached the Blue Ridge Mountains until 1745, when increasing population in the region resulted in the formation of a series of new counties, and Brunswick's current western border was established.

In 1780, during the American Revolutionary War, Greensville County was formed from part of Brunswick's eastern side. In 1787 the county's eastern border was finalized with a minor adjustment.

Planters originally cultivated the land for tobacco by slave labor in colonial times. As tobacco exhausted the soil and the markets changed, planters and smaller farmers diversified the mostly rural economy by raising mixed crops and harvesting lumber before the American Civil War. As a result of these changes, slaveholders in the Upper South had surplus slaves; many sold them in the domestic slave trade. It fed the development of cotton plantations in the Deep South. Altogether, more than one million enslaved African Americans were sold South in the antebellum years in this forced migration, which broke up many families.

Saint Paul's College, Virginia was established in this county in association with the Episcopal Church. In 1914 the school boasted that "The location of the school in the heart of the Black Belt of Virginia, with a Negro population of 100,000 almost at its very doors, is most favorable for the prosecution of uplift work." St. Paul's closed its doors in 2013.

In the early 21st century, the county has a campus of Southside Virginia Community College. The Fort Pickett Army National Guard base is partly in the county.

Official Web Site

This project is a table of contents for all projects relating to this County of Virginia. Please feel free to add profiles of anyone who was born, lived or died in this county.