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Burke County, North Carolina

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Profiles

  • Barbara Ann Eliza Payne (1848 - 1917)
    Reference: MyHeritage Family Trees - SmartCopy : Sep 6 2018, 12:30:02 UTC
  • Rev. Jordan Nathaniel Payne (1846 - 1915)
    Reference: MyHeritage Family Trees - SmartCopy : Sep 6 2018, 12:30:02 UTC
  • Bruce R. Payne, PhD (1874 - 1937)
    Bruce Ryburn Payne, college president, was born in the Mull Grove community of Catawba County, the son of Jordan Nathaniel and Barbara Anne Eliza Warlick Payne. The elder Payne was a teacher and a Me...
  • Joshua Hall, Jr. (1783 - 1847)
  • Herbert "Herb" Hussey (1945 - 2019)
    Herbert "Herb" Hussey Valdese Herbert "Herb" Hussey, 73, of Valdese, passed away Monday, Feb. 18, 2019. Born in Siler City, Chatham County, Aug. 3, 1945, he was the son of the late Odis E. Hussey and V...

Please add profiles of those who were born, lived or died in Burke County, North Carolina.

Official Website

History

Native Americans of the Mississippian culture inhabited the county long before Europeans arrived in the New World. The largest Mound Builder settlement was at Joara, a 12-acre site and regional chiefdom near present-day Morganton. It was the center of the largest Native American settlement in North Carolina, dating from about 1000 AD and expanding into the next centuries.

In 1567, a Spanish expedition arrived and built Fort San Juan, claiming the area for the colony of Spanish Florida. They had been sent by the governor at Santa Elena (Parris Island) in South Carolina. Captain Juan Pardo, leader of the expedition, left about 30 soldiers at the fort while continuing his exploration. In the spring of 1568 the Indians attacked the fort, killing the soldiers and burning the fort. Indians killed the garrisons at five other Spanish forts in the interior. Introduction of European diseases caused high fatalities among the Mississippians, and takeover of survivors by larger tribes led to Native American abandonment of the area. Two hundred years passed before the next Europeans: English, Scots-Irish and German colonists, attempted to settle here again.

In 1777, Burke County was formed from Rowan County. It was named for Thomas Burke, then serving as a delegate to the Continental Congress (1777 to 1781). He was later elected as Governor of North Carolina, serving from 1781 to 1782. The western Piedmont was settled by many Scots-Irish and German immigrants in the mid-to-late 18th century. They were generally yeoman farmers and fiercely independent.

As population increased, the county was divided to form other jurisdictions. In 1791, parts of Burke County and Rutherford County were combined to form Buncombe County. In 1833, parts of Burke and Buncombe counties were combined to form Yancey County. In 1841, parts of Burke and Wilkes counties were combined to form Caldwell County. In 1842 additional parts of Burke and Rutherford counties were combined to form McDowell County. Finally, in 1861, parts of Burke, Caldwell, McDowell, Watauga, and Yancey counties were combined to form Mitchell County.

The Burke County Regiment participated in the Battle of Kings Mountain, which pitted Appalachian frontiersmen against the Loyalist forces of the British commander Ferguson at Kings Mountain, SC in the American Revolution. Rather than waiting for Ferguson to invade their territory, militiamen throughout the Blue Ridge crossed over the mountains and thus were called the Over Mountain Men.

Although never explicitly mentioned by name in the novel, the hideout of Robur-the villain in Jules Verne's Master of the World-is thought to be Table Rock mountain in Burke County.

Many scenes from the 1992 film Last of the Mohicans were filmed in Burke County. A full-scale fort was built next to the Linville boat access on Lake James for the filming. The fort was later destroyed and the land replanted with trees. Many of the extras who played settlers, British soldiers, and Native Americans were locals from Burke and surrounding counties.

The final scene from The Hunt for Red October had the backdrop filmed on Lake James, while the actors stayed in Hollywood

In 2011, scenes for the Lionsgate adaptation of The Hunger Games were filmed near Hildebran, North Carolina at the Henry River Mill Village.

Adjacent Counties

Cities,Towns & Communities

  • Connelly Springs
  • Drexel
  • Glen Alpine
  • Hildebran
  • Icard
  • Jonas Ridge
  • Linville
  • Linville Falls
  • Long View
  • Lovelady
  • Lower Creek
  • Lower Fork
  • Morganton (County Seat)
  • Petersburg
  • Quaker Meadows
  • Rhodhiss
  • Rutherford College
  • Salem
  • Silver Creek
  • Smoky Creek
  • Upper Creek
  • Upper Fork
  • Valdese

Links

Wikipedia

Blue Ridge Parkway (part)

Pisgah National Forest (part)

The Alphonse Calhoun Avery House

State Hospital at Morganton

U.S.B. Dale's Market

Gaston AME Chapel

Gilboa Methodist Church

Henry River Mill Village

Hunting Creek Railroad Bridge

Magnolia Place

NC School for the Deaf

Quaker Meadows

The Dr. Joseph Bennett Riddle House

Waldensian Presbyterian Church

List of the Avery family slaves

Plantations of North Carolina