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  • Brig. Gen. (USA) Odon Guitar (1827 - 1908)
    Odon Guitar (August 31, 1825 – March 13, 1908) was a general in the Union Missouri State Militia during the American Civil War. He was noted for his successful campaign against Joseph C. Porter and...
  • John P. Jones, U.S. Senator (1829 - 1912)
    Click here to see information about Senator John P. Jones at Wikipedia. John Percival Jones (January 27, 1829 – November 12, 1912) was an American politician who served for 30 years as a Republican U...
  • James Athearn "J. A." Folger, I (1835 - 1889)
    Find a Grave Birth: Jun. 17, 1835 Nantucket Nantucket County Massachusetts, USA Death: Jun. 26, 1889 Oakland Alameda County California, USA Businessman. Born in Nantucket, Massachusetts, the so...
  • Gershom Hinkley Kirby (1805 - 1888)
    Gershom Hinkley KIRBY, the husband of Lucy (Moon) KIRBY, born January 1, 1805 probably in Oneida County, New York. His parents, Catherine (Hinckley) KIRBY and Timothy KIRBY, and his maternal grandparen...
  • Thomas Thatcher Hamlin (1827 - 1892)
    At the age of 17 he crossed the plains to the gold fields in California and settled in Santa Clara. Thomas was elected to the state legislature for Tuolumne County after 1853. He was selected to the ...

The Gist:

All people associated with the California Gold Rush era.

Brief History

In January of 1848, James Marshall had a work crew camped on the American River at Coloma near Sacramento. The crew was building a saw mill for John Sutter. On the cold, clear morning of January 24, Marshall found a few tiny gold nuggets. Thus began one of the largest human migrations in history as a half-million people from around the world descended upon California in search of instant wealth.

The first printed notice of the discovery was in the March 15 issue of "The Californian" in San Francisco. Shortly after Marshall's discovery, General John Bidwell discovered gold in the Feather River and Major Pearson B. Reading found gold in the Trinity River. The Gold Rush was soon in full sway.

In 1849, quartz mining began at the Mariposa mine in Mariposa County. Gold deposits were often found inside quartz veins. In 1850, California became a state. Also that year, gold-bearing quartz was found at Gold Hill in Grass Valley. This led to the development of the great underground mines in that district and a major industry the continued for more than 100 years.

In 1851, Gold was discovered in Greenhorn Creek, Kern County. This discovery led to the rush to the upper Kern River region. By 1852, California's annual gold production reached a then all-time high of $81 million.

California Gold Rush Links