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  • James Denison Avery (1820 - 1897)
    THE GROTON AVERY CLAN, Vol. I, by Elroy McKendree Avery and Catherine Hitchcock (Tilden) Avery, Cleveland, 1912. p. 668 _____ In his youth, Mr. Avery followed the sea and was one of the California ...
  • Maj. General Hugh Boyle Ewing (USA) (1826 - 1905)
    Hugh Boyle Ewing, (October 31, 1826 – June 30, 1905), was a diplomat, author, attorney, and Union Army general during the American Civil War. He was a member of the prestigious Ewing family, s...
  • Cummins Edward Jackson (1802 - 1849)
    Cummins Jackson was a business man.He went to California and struck it rich in the gold rush. He died at Shasta, California of "camp fever" caused by poor sanitation.
  • Major General Alexander Hays, (USA) (1819 - 1864)
    Alexander Hays (July 8, 1819 – May 5, 1864) was a Union Army general in the American Civil War, killed in the Battle of the Wilderness. Early life and career Hays was born in Franklin, Pen...
  • Hon. Israel David Haines (1827 - 1892)
    Biography OREGON, PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL, 1912 Transcribed by Linda Henderson Hon. Israel D. Haines HON. ISRAEL D. HAINES, who passed away two decades ago, enjoyed a reputation more than ...

The Gist:

All people associated with the California Gold Rush era.

Brief History

In January of 1848, James Marshall had a work crew camped on the American River at Coloma near Sacramento. The crew was building a saw mill for John Sutter. On the cold, clear morning of January 24, Marshall found a few tiny gold nuggets. Thus began one of the largest human migrations in history as a half-million people from around the world descended upon California in search of instant wealth.

The first printed notice of the discovery was in the March 15 issue of "The Californian" in San Francisco. Shortly after Marshall's discovery, General John Bidwell discovered gold in the Feather River and Major Pearson B. Reading found gold in the Trinity River. The Gold Rush was soon in full sway.

In 1849, quartz mining began at the Mariposa mine in Mariposa County. Gold deposits were often found inside quartz veins. In 1850, California became a state. Also that year, gold-bearing quartz was found at Gold Hill in Grass Valley. This led to the development of the great underground mines in that district and a major industry the continued for more than 100 years.

In 1851, Gold was discovered in Greenhorn Creek, Kern County. This discovery led to the rush to the upper Kern River region. By 1852, California's annual gold production reached a then all-time high of $81 million.

California Gold Rush Links