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  • Hon. Israel David Haines (1827 - 1892)
    Biography OREGON, PICTORIAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL, 1912 Transcribed by Linda Henderson Hon. Israel D. Haines HON. ISRAEL D. HAINES, who passed away two decades ago, enjoyed a reputation more than ...
  • Maj. Lansford W. Hastings, (CSA) (c.1818 - 1870)
    Lansford Warren Hastings (1819–1870) is best remembered as the developer of Hastings Cutoff, a shortcut across what is now the state of Utah, a factor in the Donner Party disaster of 1846. L...
  • Mark Hopkins, Jr. (1813 - 1878)
    Mark Hopkins was born 1 September 1813 in Henderson, New York, and died 29 March 1878. He died in his sleep aboard his private rail car in Yuma at age 64. At the time of his death, the value of his e...
  • Creed Haymond (1836 - 1893)
    Republican. Lawyer; member of California state senate, 1875-77; delegate to Republican National Convention from California, 1880, 1888. Married Miss Cornelia Alice Crawford on October 2, 1872, a nati...
  • John McKellar, Jr. (1830 - d.)
    1881 CensusName Marital Status Gender Ethnic Origin Age Birthplace Occupation ReligionJohn MCKELLAR Male Scottish 42 O Farmer Disciple of ChristSarah MCKELLAR W Female Scottish 69 Scotland Disciple of ...

The Gist:

All people associated with the California Gold Rush era.

Brief History

In January of 1848, James Marshall had a work crew camped on the American River at Coloma near Sacramento. The crew was building a saw mill for John Sutter. On the cold, clear morning of January 24, Marshall found a few tiny gold nuggets. Thus began one of the largest human migrations in history as a half-million people from around the world descended upon California in search of instant wealth.

The first printed notice of the discovery was in the March 15 issue of "The Californian" in San Francisco. Shortly after Marshall's discovery, General John Bidwell discovered gold in the Feather River and Major Pearson B. Reading found gold in the Trinity River. The Gold Rush was soon in full sway.

In 1849, quartz mining began at the Mariposa mine in Mariposa County. Gold deposits were often found inside quartz veins. In 1850, California became a state. Also that year, gold-bearing quartz was found at Gold Hill in Grass Valley. This led to the development of the great underground mines in that district and a major industry the continued for more than 100 years.

In 1851, Gold was discovered in Greenhorn Creek, Kern County. This discovery led to the rush to the upper Kern River region. By 1852, California's annual gold production reached a then all-time high of $81 million.

California Gold Rush Links