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Creek Indian Chiefs and Leaders

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Creek Indian Chiefs and Leaders

Draft 3/23/2011 by Marvin Caulk no special order

  1. Bosomworth, Mary, A noted Creek Indian woman, also known as Mary Mathews and Mary Musgrove
  2. Chekilli
  3. Davis, John
  4. Emistesigo. Known also as Gurister-sigo
  5. Fife
  6. Great Mortar (Yayatustenuggee)
  7. McGillivray, Alexander
  8. Opothleyaholo (properly Hupuehelth Yahólo)
  9. Weatherford, William (known also as Lamochattee, or Red Eagle)

Principal Chiefs of the Creeks from 1867 to 1907

  1. Samuel Chocote 1867-1875
  2. Locher Harjo 1875-1876
  3. Ward Coachman 1876-1879
  4. Joseph M. Perryman 1883-1887
  5. Legus Perryman 1887-1895
  6. Edward Bullette 1885
  7. Sparhecher 1895-1899
  8. Pleasant Porter 1899-1907

Notable Muscogee people

  1. Fred Beaver (1911–1980), Muscogee-Seminole painter and muralist
  2. Acee Blue Eagle (1909–1959), Muscogee-Pawnee-Wichita artist, actor, author, and director of art at Bacone College
  3. William Augustus Bowles (1763–1805), also known as Estajoca, was a Maryland-born English adventurer and organizer of Muscogee Creek attempts to create a state outside of Euro-American control.
  4. Samuel Benton Callahan (1833–1911), represented the Creek and Seminole nations in the Second Confederate Congress
  5. Ernest Childers (1918–2005), Lieutenant Colonel in the U.S. Army during World War II and the first Native American to be awarded a Medal of Honor during that war.
  6. Chitto Harjo (1846–1911), orator, veteran, and traditionalist
  7. Joy Harjo (b. 1959), (Muscogee-Cherokee) Native American poet and jazz musician
  8. Suzan Shown Harjo (b. 1945), (Muscogee-Cheyenne) activist, policymaker, journalist, and poet
  9. Joan Hill (b. 1930), (Muscogee-Cherokee) artist
  10. Jack Jacobs (1919–1974), football player
  11. William Harjo LoneFight (b. 1966), author, president of Native American Services, languages and cultural activist
  12. Alexander McGillivray (1750–1793) was a leader of the Muscogee during the American Revolution.
  13. William McIntosh (ca. 1775–1825) led part of the pro-American Creek forces against the Red Sticks.
  14. Menawa (ca. 1765–1836) was a principal leader of the Red Sticks during the Creek Wars.
  15. Mary Musgrove (ca. 1700–1765) served as a cultural liaison between colonial Georgia and the Muscogee Creek community.
  16. Opothleyahola (ca. 1798–1863) fought against the US government during Seminole Wars and for the Union during the American Civil War
  17. Jim Pepper (1941–1992), Muscogee-Kaw jazz musician
  18. Alexander Posey (1873—1908), Muscogee Creek poet, humorist, journalist, and politician
  19. Will Sampson (1933–1987), film actor, noted for performance in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1978)
  20. Cynthia Leitich Smith (b. 1967), children's book author, noted for Jingle Dancer
  21. France Winddance Twine, sociologist
  22. Carrie Underwood (b. 1983), country singer[43][44]
  23. William Weatherford, also known as Red Eagle (c. 1781–1824), led the Creek War offensive against the United States