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  • Amiral Florent de Varenne, 1er Maréchal de France (b. - 1270)
    Florent de Varennes (died in Tunis in August 1270) is the first French dignitary to wear the title of Admiral of France in 1269, and as such, became the head of the fleet during the Eighth Crusade and ...
  • Eudes Borel, duc de Bourgogne (c.1058 - 1102)
    I (1058 – 23 March 1103), also known as Eudes , surnamed Borel and called the Red, was Duke of Burgundy between 1079 and 1103. Odo was the second son of Henry of Burgundy and grandson of Robert I. He b...
  • Admiral, Jean de Vienne, seigneur de Roulans (1341 - 1396)
    The bust Admiral Jean de Viennese pictured above is on display in the Galerie des Batailles, (the Gallery of Battles) in the Palace of Versailles Jean de Vienne began his military career at the edge of...
  • Adam de Kilconquhar, Earl of Carrick (1232 - 1270)
    Died in 1270 during the 8th Crusade.Adam of Kilconquhar From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Born Adhamh [possibly Aedh] mac Donnchaidh* Probably Kilconquhar, in the earldom of Fife, Scotland* Died 12...
  • Ernulf, seigneur de Hesdin (c.1038 - 1098)
    FitzFlaad married Ada (or Avelina), daughter of Ernoulf de Hesdin (killed on crusade at Antioch). DE HESDIN * Partnership with: (Unknown) o Child: Aveline DE HESDING Birth: Shropshire, EnglandDescendan...

The Crusades were a series of religious expeditionary wars blessed by the Pope and the Catholic Church, with the main goal of restoring Christian access to the holy places in and near Jerusalem. The Crusades were originally launched in response to a call from the leaders of the Byzantine Empire for help to fight the expansion into Anatolia of Muslim Seljuk Turks who had cut off access to Jerusalem. The crusaders comprised military units of Roman Catholics from all over western Europe, and were not under unified command. The main series of Crusades, primarily against Muslims, occurred between 1095 and 1291. Historians have given many of the earlier crusades numbers. After some early successes, the later crusades failed and the crusaders were defeated and forced to return home.

List of crusades

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