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  • Lord Alberic de Vere, II (aft.1062 - c.1141)
    Alberic Aubrey II de Vere , son of Aubrey I de Vere (-1088) and Beatrice de Gand, was born circa 30 July 1062 at Hedingham, Essex, England. He served as Justiciar of England and Sheriff of London and M...
  • Aubrey de Vere, I, Sheriff of Berkshire (c.1030 - 1112)
    The known origin of the family is quite clearly at Ver in the Cotentin, in Normandy and close to Brittany. (Many Flemish families were settled here, and the early adoption of their quartered coat, gule...
  • Theobald I, count of Bar (c.1158 - 1214)
    Theobald I of Bar From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jean (Thibaut) Theobald I of Bar (c.1158 - 13 February 1214) was count of Bar from 1190 until his death, and a count of Luxemburg from 1197 until...
  • Sir James “The Good” Douglas, Lord of Douglas (c.1286 - 1330)
    Not to be confused with Sir James Douglas of Hermiston and of Lothian Sir James Douglas (also known as Guid Sir James and the Black Douglas), (1286 – August 25, 1330), was a Scottish soldier and kn...
  • Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford (1342 - 1373)
    Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford Britannia Biographies From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, 6th Earl of Essex and 2nd Earl of Northampton (1342 – 16...

The Crusades were a series of religious expeditionary wars blessed by the Pope and the Catholic Church, with the main goal of restoring Christian access to the holy places in and near Jerusalem. The Crusades were originally launched in response to a call from the leaders of the Byzantine Empire for help to fight the expansion into Anatolia of Muslim Seljuk Turks who had cut off access to Jerusalem. The crusaders comprised military units of Roman Catholics from all over western Europe, and were not under unified command. The main series of Crusades, primarily against Muslims, occurred between 1095 and 1291. Historians have given many of the earlier crusades numbers. After some early successes, the later crusades failed and the crusaders were defeated and forced to return home.

List of crusades

Also see

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