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Slavery in the United States

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  • Col. Philip Livingston, 2nd Lord of the Manor (1686 - 1749)
    Upon the death of his father, Robert Livingston the Elder, he became the Secretary of Indian Affairs, as well as the second Lord of Livingston Manor. He was a member of the Provincial Council for most ...
  • Reverend Peter Spencer (1782 - 1843)
    Peter Spencer -- Church Founder, Businessman, and Educator Peter Spencer is heralded as the father of Delaware's Independent Black Church Movement. Spencer's biographer, Lewis V. Baldwin, informs us ...
  • John Van Lew (1790 - 1843)
    John Van Lew, a wealthy hardware merchant and slave owner. One of the slaves owned by Van Lew was Mary Bowser. Mary Bowser, slave of John Van Lew
  • Col. Charles Young, USA (1864 - 1922)
    Portrait photograph taken of Colonel Charles Young in 1919. He was the third African American graduate of West Point, the first black U.S. National Park Service superintendent, the first African Amer...
  • George Brown (1833 - 1880)
    Find A Grave # 106959413 George Brown BIRTH 1833 Washington County, Florida, USA DEATH 10 May 1880 (aged 46–47) Washington County, Florida, USA BURIAL Unknown MEMORIAL ID 106959413 · View Source ...

Slavery in the United States was a form of slave labor which existed as a legal institution from the early colonial period. After the American Revolution, the northern states all abolished slavery, and Congress prohibited slavery in the Northwest Territory. However slavery gained new life with the cotton industry after 1800, and expanded into the Southwest. The import or export of slaves became illegal in 1807. By the 1850s the South was vigorously defending slavery and its expansion into the territories. In the North a small number of abolitionists denounced it as sinful, and a large number of anti-slavery forces rejected it as detrimental to the rights of free men. Compromises were attempted and failed, and in 1861 eleven slave states broke away to form the Confederate States of America. To defeat the Confederacy the Union in 1862 made abolition of all slavery a war goal, which was achieved in 1865. All the slaves were free and the owners received no compensation.

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