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Profiles

  • Lt. General Julian Ewell (1915 - 2009)
    Julian Ewell (November 5, 1915—July 27, 2009) was a career United States Army officer who served in World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War. He commanded the 9th Infantry Division and ...
  • Elizabeth Arden (1878 - 1966)
    Florence Nightingale Graham (December 31, 1878 – October 18, 1966), who went by the business name Elizabeth Arden, was a Canadian American businesswoman who founded what is now Elizabeth Arden, Inc.,...
  • Sir Alan Aird Moncrieff, CBE FRCP FRCOG MRCS LRCP JP (1901 - 1971)
    Sir Alan Aird Moncrief CBE FRCP FRCOG MRCS LRCP JP (9 October 1901, Bournemouth – 24 July 1971) was a British born paediatrician and professor emeritus at University of London. He was most notable fo...
  • Col. Arthur Woods, NYC Police Commissioner (1870 - 1942)
    Colonel Arthur Hale Woods (January 29, 1870 – May 12, 1942) was an American educator, journalist, military and law enforcement officer. One of the most prominent police reformers during the early 20t...
  • Sir Edward Louis Spears, 1st Baronet KBE CB MC (1886 - 1974)
    Major-General Sir Edward Louis Spears, 1st Baronet , Bt, KBE, CB, MC (7 August 1886 – 27 January 1974) was a British Army officer and Member of Parliament noted for his role as a liaison officer betwee...

Legion of Honour, officially National Order of the Legion of Honour, French Ordre national de la Légion d’honneur, Legion of Honour - premier order of the French republic, created by Napoleon Bonaparte, then First Consul, on May 19, 1802, as a general military and civil order of merit conferred without regard to birth or religion provided that anyone admitted swears to uphold liberty and equality.

Napoleon’s ideas for this order, which finally prevailed, aroused a certain amount of opposition, particularly from those who felt the Legion should have purely military qualifications. During the Restoration, the Legion became a royal order, ranked below the restored military and religious orders of the ancien régime. Upon the downfall of the monarchy, the Legion once again became the highest-ranking order and decoration in France.

There are five classes in the Legion of Honour :

  • Chevalier (Knight): minimum 20 years of public service or 25 years of professional activity with "eminent merits"
  • Officier (Officer): minimum 8 years in the rank of Chevalier
  • Commandeur (Commander): minimum 5 years in the rank of Officier
  • Grand Officier (Grand Officer): minimum 3 years in the rank of Commandeur
  • Grand Croix (Grand Cross): minimum 3 years in the rank of Grand Officier

Members

Bolivian Recipients

  • Lidia Gueiler Tejada, (1921-2011) - Bolivian politician, Interim President of Bolivia 1979-1980 - She was inducted (2000) into the French Legion of Honour.

Croatian Recipients

French Members

Israeli Members

  • General Moshe Dayan (1915-1981) 4th Chief of Staff, Minister of Agriculture, Minister of defence, Minister of Foreign Affairs - of Israel. Grand Officier Légion d'honneur:
  • Shimon Peres (b.1923) 9th President of the State of Israel. Officier Légion d'honneur.
  • Michael Sela (b. 1924) Israeli Immunologist. Officier Légion d'honneur: 1987
  • Aharon Barak, (b. 1936) Israel Chief Justice. Chevalier Légion d'honneur:
  • Amos Oz (b. 1939), Israeli writer, journalist. Chevalier Légion d'honneur: 1997.
  • Claude Meyer, Chevalier Légion d'honneur: 2014
  • Aharon Nahmias, .10–11 Knesset mamber, Deputy Speaker of the Knesset & Mayor of Zefat (b. ) Chevalier Légion d'honneur: 1989.

Wikipedia

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