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Profiles

  • Michel Gustave Édouard Mayor, Nobel Prize in Physics 2019
    Michel Gustave Édouard Mayor (born 12 January 1942) is a Swiss astrophysicist and professor emeritus at the University of Geneva's Department of Astronomy. He formally retired in 2007, but remains acti...
  • Prospero Ferdinand Casimir Warnier de Sénémont, Officier Légion d'honneur (deceased)
    El ilustre doctor Ferdinand Warnier de Senemont, fue valiente luchador en la sangrienta guerra de Crimea, en que se comprometió su patria con la Rusia de los Zares por allá en 1856. Figura entre los si...
  • Dr. Denis Mukwege, Nobel Peace Prize, 2018
    Assassination Attempt on Dr. Mukwege , Dr. Mukwege Fights Back Combating Rape as tool of War
  • Alim-Louis Benabid
    Alim Louis Benabid is a French-Algerian emeritus professor, neurosurgeon and member of the French Academy of Sciences, who has had a global impact in the development of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for...
  • Johannes (Hans) Carolus Clevers
    Johannes Carolus (Hans) Clevers is Principal Investigator at the Hubrecht Institute for Developmental Biology and Stem Cell Research (KNAW) and the Princess Máxima Center for Pediatric Oncology, Profes...

Legion of Honour, officially National Order of the Legion of Honour, French Ordre national de la Légion d’honneur, Legion of Honour - premier order of the French republic, created by Napoleon Bonaparte, then First Consul, on May 19, 1802, as a general military and civil order of merit conferred without regard to birth or religion provided that anyone admitted swears to uphold liberty and equality.

Napoleon’s ideas for this order, which finally prevailed, aroused a certain amount of opposition, particularly from those who felt the Legion should have purely military qualifications. During the Restoration, the Legion became a royal order, ranked below the restored military and religious orders of the ancien régime. Upon the downfall of the monarchy, the Legion once again became the highest-ranking order and decoration in France.

There are five classes in the Legion of Honour :

  • Chevalier (Knight): minimum 20 years of public service or 25 years of professional activity with "eminent merits"
  • Officier (Officer): minimum 8 years in the rank of Chevalier
  • Commandeur (Commander): minimum 5 years in the rank of Officier
  • Grand Officier (Grand Officer): minimum 3 years in the rank of Commandeur
  • Grand Croix (Grand Cross): minimum 3 years in the rank of Grand Officier

Members

Bolivian Recipients

  • Lidia Gueiler Tejada, (1921-2011) - Bolivian politician, Interim President of Bolivia 1979-1980 - She was inducted (2000) into the French Legion of Honour.

Croatian Recipients

French Members

Israeli Members

  • General Moshe Dayan (1915-1981) 4th Chief of Staff, Minister of Agriculture, Minister of defence, Minister of Foreign Affairs - of Israel. Grand Officier Légion d'honneur:
  • Shimon Peres (b.1923) 9th President of the State of Israel. Officier Légion d'honneur.
  • Michael Sela (b. 1924) Israeli Immunologist. Officier Légion d'honneur: 1987
  • Aharon Barak, (b. 1936) Israel Chief Justice. Chevalier Légion d'honneur:
  • Amos Oz (b. 1939), Israeli writer, journalist. Chevalier Légion d'honneur: 1997.
  • Claude Meyer, Chevalier Légion d'honneur: 2014
  • Aharon Nahmias, .10–11 Knesset mamber, Deputy Speaker of the Knesset & Mayor of Zefat (b. ) Chevalier Légion d'honneur: 1989.

Wikipedia

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