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  • Edward Cage (c.1548 - 1639)
    Notes "Edward Cage that I show as a parent of John F. Cage in incorrect. This information has been passed around the internet for years. Edward Cage came to James City and had a house there for abo...
  • Sir John Hart, MP, Lord Mayor of London (c.1530 - bef.1604)
    Family and Education s. of Ralph Hart of Sproston Court, Yorks. m. (1) 2da.; (2) 1586 Anne, da. and h. of one Haynes, wid. of Anthony Cage, salter of London, ?s.p. Kntd. ?1590.1 Offices Held Common c...
  • Lena Fontana (1907 - 1980)
    Mother of D. J. Fontana who was the drummer for Elvis Presley in the 1950's.) Services for Mrs. Lena Lewis Fontana, 73, of 9505 Palmetto Ln., Shreveport, 10 a.m. Thursday,, at St. Mary of the Pines C...
  • Samuel Ross Fontana (1905 - 1985)
    (Father of D. J. Fontana who was the drummer for Elvis Presley in the 1950's.) Shreveport - Services for Mr. Samuel Ross Fontana, of Shreveport, will be held at 10 a.m. Thursday Nov. 21 at St. Mary o...
  • Gov. William Stephens, US Congress (1859 - 1944)
    William Dennison Stephens (December 26, 1859 – April 25, 1944) was an American federal and state politician. A three-term member of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1911 to 1916, Stephens was t...


Beginning as early as the 14th century, a grocer (or "purveyor") was a dealer in comestible dry goods such as spices, peppers, sugar, and (later) cocoa, tea and coffee. These items were bought in bulk, hence the term grocer from the French "grossier" meaning wholesaler, this term derived from Medieval Latin "grossarius" from which we also derive the word gross (meaning a quantity of twelve dozen, or 144).

As increasing numbers of staple foodstuffs became available in cans and other less-perishable packaging, the trade expanded its province. Today, grocers deal in a wide range of staple food-stuffs including such perishables as meats, produce and dairy products. Such goods are, hence, groceries.

In some countries such as the United States, grocery stores descended from trading posts, which sold not only food but clothing, household items, tools, furniture, and other miscellaneous merchandise. These trading posts evolved into larger retail businesses known as general stores. These facilities generally dealt only in "dry" goods such as flour, dry beans, baking soda, and canned foods. Perishable foods were instead obtained from specialty markets; Fresh meat was obtained from a butcher, milk from a local dairy, eggs and vegetables were either produced by families themselves, bartered for with neighbours, or purchased at a farmers' market or a local greengrocer.

Many rural areas still contain general stores that sell goods ranging from cigars to imported napkins. Traditionally, general stores have offered credit to their customers, a system of payment that works on trust rather than modern credit cards. This allowed farm families to buy staples until their harvest could be sold.


Worshipful Company of Grocers

The Worshipful Company of Grocers is one of the 110 Livery Companies of the City of London and ranks second in order of precedence.

Established in 1345, the Grocers comprise one of London's Great Twelve City Livery Companies.