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Jewish Families from Rogasen and Rogozno in Oborniki, Poland

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This project seeks to identify and collect Jewish individuals and family from the town of Rogasen or Rogozno in the area of Rogozno, 40 km North of Posen in the former Grand Duchy of Posen area.

A settlement called Roguezno was mentioned as early as in 1192. It was granted town privileges in 1280. King Przemysł II was murdered in Roguezno in 1296 due to the actions of Brandenburgian margraves. An organized Jewish community existed here in 1569.

The town was one of the largest drapery centers in Greater Poland in the 18th century.
A town called Nowe Miasto was established near Roguezno in 1750. Roguezno belonged to the Prussian partition from 1793. A year later, the town was merged with Nowe Miasto and the German name for the new town was Rogasen.

The town was incorporated into the Duchy of Warsaw in 1807 and eight years later to Prussia. Inhabitants of Rogasen took part in Greater Poland Uprising in 1919. The Germans captured the town at the beginning of the Second World War, in September 1939. They also pulled down the synagogue in the same month. Source

Old Jewish cemetery in Rogoźno was established at the end of the 16th century. It was devastated by the Germans during the Second World War. The tombstones were used to pave the streets around the New Market. After the war, town authorities gave permission for covering these streets with asphalt but the tombstones had not been removed from the surface before. There are no tombstones in the cemetery area of 1.5 hectares. There exists only some debris of a burial house.

New Jewish cemetery in Rogoźno was established in the 19th century. It was devastated by the Germans during the Second World War. After the war, town authorities gave permission for destroying the cemetery completely. Some broken tombstones can be found in the local museum. Source

In Edward David Luft's book, The Naturalized Jews of the Grand Duchy of Posen in 1834 and 1835, Revised Edition, there are 55 people listed as having achieved citizenship in the town of Rogasen. These included Rothholz, Caro, Chodziesen, Edelstein, Ehrenwerth, Eisen, Schocken(3). Schwersenz, Weyl, Wollheim, Zadek family names. No Haase or Knobloch individuals are listed. The town of Rogasen was included in the County of Obornik along with the towns of Murowana Goślin (44 people listed), Ryczywol (24) and Obornik itself(13).

Jewish Records Indexing project JRI-Poland lists two microfilms that are being transcribed, Film #752799 and 752800.

International Jewish Cemetery Project: Alternate names: Rogoźno [Pol], Rogasen [Ger], Rogozhin [Yid], Rogóźno Wielkopolskie. 52°45' N, 17°01' E, 23 miles N of Poznań (Posen). 1900 Jewish population: 834. This town in Greater Poland Voivodeship with a 2006 population is the seat of the administrative district called Gmina Rogoźno in Oborniki powiat. Apart from the town of Rogoźno, Gmina Rogoźno contains the villages and settlements of Budziszewko, Cieśle, Dziewcza Struga, Garbatka, Gościejewo, Grudna, Jaracz, Józefinowo, Karolewo, Kaziopole, Laskowo, Marlewo, Międzylesie, Nienawiszcz, Nowy Młyn, Olszyna, Owczegłowy, Owieczki, Parkowo, Pruśce, Ruda, Sierniki, Słomowo, Stare, Studzieniec, Szczytno, Tarnowo, Wełna, Wojciechowo and Żołędzin. [June 2009] Normal 0 OLD CEMETERY: Established probably in the second half of the 16th century on forest land of about 1.5 hectares. [June 2009] NEW CEMETERY: Probably established in the 19th century and destroyed during the WWII when the Germans took gravestones were street construction, only ruins of the beit tahara remain. Some matzevot were found and stored in the local Museum Wojciecha Dutkiewicza at Placu Karola Marcinkowskiego l. Several old padlocks remain from the cemetery. photos. [June 2009] US Commission No. POCE000412 Rogasen is the German name of town. Rogozno is in Pila region at 52º45N 17º00E, 35 km. from Poznan. Cemetery: Lesna St. Present population is 5,000-25,000 with no Jews. Local: Urzad Gminy w Rogozine and mgr. Roman Chraliszewski, Wojewodzki. Konserwator Zabytkow, 64-920 Pila, ul. Tczewska 1, tel. 223-88. Regional: Panstwowa Sturba Ochrany Zabythkow, Oddriat w Pile, mgr. Barbara Luczynska, solves j.w. Information: mgr. Marek Fijatkowski, Muzeum Okregowe, 64-920 Pila, ul. Chopina 1, tel. 271-37. The earliest known Jewish community was 1569. The unlandmarked cemetery was established end of the sixteenth century. The community was Progressive/Reform. The isolated urban crown of a hill called Gorka Zydowska (Jewish Hill) has no sign or marker. Reached by turning directly off a public road, access is open to all with no wall, fence, or gate. The size of the cemetery before WWII and now is 1.512 OR .1512 ha. No stones are visible. The cemetery contains no known mass graves. The municipality owns property used for Jewish cemetery only. Adjacent property is agricultural and residential. Rarely, local residents visit. It was vandalized during World War II. No maintenance. Within the limits of the cemetery is a gravedigger's house. Weather erosion, vegetation, and vandalism are slight threats. inz. Henryk Grecki, 70-534 Szczecin, ul. Soltysia 3/13, tel. 377-41 completed survey on August 30, 1991 using "Karta Cmentarza". The site was not visited. Last Updated on Tuesday, 30 June 2009 11:12. Accessed May 9, 2017.

An important and easily accessed source of residents and former residents of the town of Rogasen may be found in the Central DataBase of Shoah Victims, commonly called Yad Vashem. Yad Vashem records show some 400 individuals connected to the town who perished in World War II. Some persons are memorized by a Page of Testimony submitted by a surviving family member or acquaintance. Unfortunately there are few of these for the residents of Rogasen. The entire Jewish population was killed in the Holocaust.

On JewishGen we find many references to individuals from Rogasen. Particularly interesting are the requests on the JewishGen Communities Database for connections to about 90 researchers who are looking for information on their family members.

In the paperback book, The Naturalized Jews of the Grand Duchy of Posen in 1834 and 1835, revised edition, Compiled by Edward David Luft, published by Avotaynu in 2004, available as a paperback for about $50. We find these three people with the last name Schocken.

Itzig Jacob Schocken who was a Handelsmann, Nathan Wolff who was a Kaufmann and Wolffram Nathan who was a Tabaksfabrikant. These men resided in Rogasen.

There are no people in Luft with the last name Kasporwitz or Kasprowitz in 1834.

The first two people were recorded by authorities in Rogasen on August 20, 1834 and Wolffram on December 15, 1834.

Additional background on the reasons for this Naturalization maybe found at the Geni profile of Heinrich Eduard von Flottwell here:Heinrich EDUARD von Flottwell