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Jewish families connected to Mühlhausen in Thuringa, Gemany

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This project is intended to collect Jewish individuals who have a connection with the German town of Mühlhausen located in Thuringa. There are several towns with the name of Mühlhausen. One is in Franken. Another is in OstPreussen. There is also one in Elgass.

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Geni has projects for several towns named Muhlhausen. Please be aware of the differences in locations and assign profiles accordingly.

Mühlhausen (official German long version Mühlhausen/Thüringen) is a city of 33,000 inhabitants in Thuringia, Germany. It is the capital of the Unstrut-Hainich district in the north-west of Thuringia, situated only 5 km (3 miles) north of Germany's accurate geographical centre (in the neighbouring municipality of Niederdorla) as well as 50 km (31 miles) north-west of Erfurt, 65 km (40 miles) east of Kassel and 50 km (31 miles) south-east of Göttingen.

Mühlhausen was first mentioned in 967 and became one of the most important cities in central Germany during the later Middle Ages. In the mid-13th century, it became a Freie Reichsstadt, an independent and republican self-ruled member of the Holy Roman Empire, controlling an area of approximately 220 square kilometres (85 sq mi) and 19 regional villages. Due to its long-distance trade, Mühlhausen was prosperous and influential with a population of 10,000 around 1500. Because it was spared from later destruction, Mühlhausen today has a great variety of historical buildings with one of the largest medieval city centres remaining in Germany, covering a surface of more than 50 hectares within the inner city wall and approximately 200 hectares overall. There are eleven Gothic churches, several patricians’ houses and a nearly completely preserved fortification.

Johann Sebastian Bach worked as the city's organist in 1707/08. The theologian Thomas Müntzer, a leading person in the German Peasants' War, gave sermons here and was executed in front of the city. John A. Roebling, the constructor of the Brooklyn Bridge and Friedrich August Stüler, an influential architect in mid-19th-century Prussia, were born in Mühlhausen.

Synagogue: The Mühlhausen Synagogue at Jüdenstraße was first mentioned in 1380. Today's building is of younger origin: it was established in 1840/41 after the emancipation of the Jews in Prussia. The Synagogue was damaged during the pogrom of Kristallnacht in 1938, but it was one of only a few in Germany that survived the Nazi period and World War II. In 1998, it was reconsecrated and it is in use by the Jewish Community of Thuringia. It is also open for visitors.

The above material was sourced from Wikipedia.

From the International Jewish Cemetery Project: MÜHLHAUSEN THÜR PDF Print E-mail MÜHLHAUSEN THÜR.: 99974 Thuringia (Gerz) (MUEHLHAUSEN THUER.) Die Muehlhauser Synagogen und der juedische Friedhof nach der Kristallnacht von 1938, by Rolf Aulepp. Muehlhausen: 1987 The cemetery is located at Eisenacher Strasse (Der Friedhof ist abgeschlossen und nur von aussen anzuschauen!). The cemetery is closed and one can only see it from the outside. The synagogue used to be at Jüdenstrasse 24. Source: Heidrun Zeidler; e-mail: Bananenmaus@gmx.net