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Gottschalk Genealogy and Gottschalk Family History Information

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Profiles

  • Abraham Gottschalk (1859 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Gottschalk, Abraham geboren am 28. April 1859 in Bauchem / Geilenkirchen / Rheinprovinz wohnhaft in Geilenkirchen und Aachen Deportation: ab Aachen-Düssel...
  • Alfred Gottschalk (1910 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Gottschalk, Alfred geboren am 17. August 1910 in Dortmund (Dorstfeld) / - / Westfalen wohnhaft in Dortmund und Kiel Emigration: Belgien Deportation: ab ...
  • Alfred Gottschalk (1899 - aft.1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Gottschalk, Alfred geboren am 07. März 1899 in Geilenkirchen / - / Rheinprovinz wohnhaft in Erkelenz, Düsseldorf und Aachen Inhaftierung: 17. November 1...
  • Alice Jenny Gottschalk (1887 - aft.1941)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Cohn, Alice Jenny geborene Gottschalk geboren am 27. Oktober 1887 in Berlin / - / Stadt Berlin wohnhaft in Hamburg Deportation: ab Hamburg 08. November ...
  • Alice Irene Gottschalk (1903 - 1942)
    Eintrag im »Gedenkbuch« des Bundesarchivs: Gottschalk, Alice Irene née Ullmann born on 12th October 1903 in Westerburg / - / Hessen-Nassau resident of Westerburg and Aachen Deportation: from Frankf...

About the Gottschalk surname

Folkmar and Gottschalk In the spring of 1096, a number of small bands of knights and peasants, inspired by the preaching of the Crusade, set off from various parts of France (cologne) and Germany (Worms). The crusade of the priest Folkmar, beginning in Saxony, persecuted Jews in Magdeburg and later, on May 30, 1096 in Prague in Bohemia. The Catholic Bishop Cosmas attempted to prevent forced conversions, and the entire Catholic hierarchy in Bohemia preached against such acts. Duke Bratislav was out of the country and the Catholic Church's officials' protests were unable to stop the mob of crusaders. The hierarchy of the Catholic Church as a whole condemned the persecution of the Jews in the regions affected (though their protests had little effect). Especially vocal were the parish priests (only one monk, named Gottschalk, is recorded as joining and encouraging the mob). Chronicler Hugo of Flavigny recorded how these religious appeals were ignored, writing “It certainly seems amazing that on a single day in many different places, moved in unison by a violent inspiration, such massacres should have taken place, despite their widespread disapproval and their condemnation as contrary to religion. But we know that they could not have been avoided since they occurred in the face of excommunication imposed by numerous clergymen, and of the threat of punishment on the part of many princes.” In general the crusader mobs did not fear any retribution as the local courts did not have the jurisdiction to pursue them past their locality nor the ability to identify and prosecute individuals out of the mob. The pleas of the clergy were ignored on similar grounds (no cases against individuals were brought forward for excommunication) and the mob believed that anyone preaching mercy to the Jews was only doing so because they had succumbed to Jewish bribery. Gottschalk the monk went on to lead a crusade from the Rhineland and Lorraine into Hungary, occasionally attacking Jewish communities along the way. In late June 1096, the crusader mob of Gottschalk was welcomed by King Coloman of Hungary, but they soon began plundering the countryside and causing drunken disorder. The King then demanded they disarm. Once their weapons had been secured, the enraged Hungarians fell upon them and “the whole plain was covered with corpses and blood.” The priest Folkmar and his Saxons also met a similar fate from the Hungarians when they began pillaging villages there because “sedition was incited”.