Start My Family Tree Welcome to Geni, home of the world's largest family tree.
Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree.

Project Tags

view all

Profiles

  • Lachlan (b. - c.1308)
    REGINALD , son of SOMERLED Lord of Argyll & his wife --- of Man (-after 1192). m FONIE , daughter of ---. "Reginaldus filius Sumerled dominus de Inchegal…et uxor mea Fonie" donated cows and other reven...
  • Roderick MacRuare of Garmoran (c.1305 - c.1325)
    Ruaidhrí Mac Ruaidhrí (died 14 October 1318?) was a fourteenth-century Scottish magnate and chief of Clann Ruaidhrí.[note 1] He was an illegitimate son of Ailéan mac Ruaidhrí, and is recorded to have...
  • Duncan of Mar (deceased)
  • Christiana (c.1253 - c.1318)
    Christina of Garmoran also known as Christina MacRuari , Christina of Mar and Christiana of the Isles was a 14th-century Scottish noblewoman who was the legitimate child of Ailéan mac Ruaidhrí, chief o...
  • Murchaid Macdonald (deceased)
    REGINALD , son of SOMERLED Lord of Argyll & his wife --- of Man (-after 1192). The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum names “Dulgallum, Reginaldum, Engus et Olavum” as the four sons of “Sumerledo regulo Her...

Sub-Project of MEDIEVAL IRELAND and MEDIEVAL SCOTLAND

Resources

OUTLINE

(See below for detailed annotation)

KINGS OF THE ISLE OF MAN

1. SIHTRIC. m ---. The name of Sihtric’s wife is not known. Sihtric & his wife had one child:

a) GODRED (-1076). King of Man. m ---. The name of Godred’s wife is not known. Godred & his wife had one child:

i) FINGAL (-1076 or after). King of Man.



1. HARALD “the Black” . m ---. The name of Harald’s wife is not known. Harald & his wife had one child: [ONLY POSSIBLY, SHARON D JULY 2021]

a) GODRED “Crovan/white-handed” (-before [1098]). m ---. The name of Godred’s wife is not known.

Godred & his wife had three children:

i) LAGMAN (-Jerusalem 1111 or after).

ii) HARALD. m ---. The name of Harald’s wife is not known.

Harald & [his wife] had three children:

(a) RAGNALD (-murdered [1154]).

(b) son

(c) son

iii) OLAV "Morsel" of Man, son of ([1080]-murdered 29 Jun 1153).

m AUFRICA, daughter of FERGUS Lord of Galloway & his wife --

Olav & his wife had one child:

1. GODRED (-Isle of St Patrick, Isle of Man 10 Nov 1187, bur Iona). m (1176) FINGOLA, daughter of --- of Ireland & his wife ---.

Godred & his wife had one child:

a) OLAV ([1172/73]-21 May 1237, bur Rushen St Mary).

m firstly ---.

m secondly JOAN, daughter of ---.

m thirdly CHRISTINA, daughter of FERQUHARD MacTaggart Earl of Ross & his wife ---.

Olav & his third wife had four children:

1. HARALD ([1222/23]-drowned 1249). King of Man. m ([1246/47]%29 as her second husband, CECILIA Haakonsdatter, widow of GREGORIUS Andersson, illegitimate daughter of HAAKON "den Gamle/the Old" King of Norway & his mistress --- (-drowned 1248).

2. GODRED (-drowned 1237 or after).

3. RAGNALD (-killed Rushen 30 May 1249, bur Rushen St Mary).

4. MAGNUS (-24 Nov 1265, bur Rushen St Mary). m as her first husband, MARY of Argyll, daughter of EWEN of Argyll & his wife --- (-[28 Sep 1300/10 Oct 1303], bur London, Grey Friars Church).

Magnus & his wife had [one child]:

a) [MARY] m JOHN de Waldeboef, son of ---.]

Godred had three illegitimate children by unknown mistresses:

b) RAGNALD (-killed in battle Tynwald 1228, bur St Mary of Furness). m ---, daughter of --.

Ragnald [& his wife] had four children:

i) daughter ([1182/83]-after 17 Feb 1205). m firstly ([1191/92]%29 RHODRI ap Owain Lord of Anglesey, son of OWAIN King of Gwynedd & his second wife Christina of Deheubarth (-[1194/95]). m secondly (Betrothed [1190]?, betrothal terminated [1191/92]), [1195/96], separated [annulled] [1203/05]) as his [first/second] wife, LLYWELYN ap Iorwerth Fawr ("the Great") Prince of North Wales, son of IORWERTH "Drwyndwyn/flat nose" Prince of Gwynedd & his wife Marared of Powys ([1173]-11 Apr 1240, bur Aberconway). [PLEASE SEE DISCUSSION OF ADDITIONAL SOURCES HERE: https://www.geni.com/discussions/233917?msg=1485837 - SHARON D JULY 2021]

ii) daughter (after [1182/83]-after [1194/95]).

iii) GODRED (-killed Lewes after 1230).

Godred & his wife had one child:

(a) HARALD (-1252 or after). King of Man.

iv) daughter . m (1226[1316]%29 THOMAS of Galloway, illegitimate son of ALAN Lord of Galloway & his mistress ---.

c) IVAR .

d) AUFRICA (-after 1219, bur Grey Abbey of the Cistercians, Strangford Lough[1318]). m (1180[1321]%29 JOHN de Curcy, son of --- (-before 22 Sep 1219).

OLAV "Morsel" of Man had [six or more] illegitimate children by unknown mistresses:

2. RAGNALD (-1165 or after).

3. LAGMAN.

4. HARALD.

5. daughter . m SOMERLED Lord of Argyll, son of --- (-killed in battle 1164).

6. daughters .






LORDS of the ISLES

 

REGINALD, son of SOMERLED Lord of Argyll & his wife --- of Man (-after 1192).

m FONIE, daughter of ---.

Reginald & his wife had [three] children:

1. DONALD (-Island of Kerrara 1249, bur Iona). m --- Stewart, daughter of WALTER FitzAlan Stewart Hugh Steward of Scotland & his wife ---. Donald & his wife had [three] children:

a) ANGUS Macdonald (-[1296]). m --- Campbell, daughter of COLIN Campbell of Lochow & his wife ---. Angus & his wife had three children:

i) ALEXANDER Macdonald (-after 1308). m JULIANA, daughter of --- (-after [Jun 1297]).

ii) ANGUS Macdonald, son of ANGUS m AGNES, daughter of GUY of Cathan of Ulster & his wife ---.

Angus & his wife had [three] children:

1. JOHN Macdonald (-1387). m firstly (Papal dispensation 4 Jun 1337, divorced) EUPHEME, daughter of RODERICK MacRuare of Garmoran & his wife ---. m secondly Lady MARGARET Stewart, daughter of ROBERT II King of Scotland & his first wife Elizabeth Mure (-after 8 Jan 1401).

Lord John & his first wife had one child:

a) JOHN Macdonald of the Isles (-before 30 Mar 1373). m as her first husband, ELLEN Campbell, daughter of ARCHIBALD [Gillespie Campbell] & his [second] wife [Isabel Lamont] (-after 1434). She married secondly Duncan Earl of Lennox.

Lord John & his second wife had eight children:

b) DONALD Macdonald (-Ardtornish, Morven [1423][1393]). m MARY Leslie Ctss of Ross, daughter of WALTER Leslie & his wife Eupheme Ctss of Ross (-[1435]). Donald & his wife had one child:

i) ALEXANDER Macdonald (-May 1449).

c) JOHN "Ian Mor Tanisteir" (-1427). m MARJORIE Bisset, daughter of HUGH Bisset & his wife ---.

d) ALEXANDER "Alastair Carrach" . m ---.

e) ANGUS .

f) HUGH . Thane of Glentilt. m ---.

g) MARCUS .

h) MARY . m LACHLEAN Maclean of Duart.

i) ELIZABETH . m (contract 8 Jan 1401) ANGUS Duff Mackay of Strathnaver, son of ---.

2. ALEXANDER Macdonald .

3. MARY Macdonald. m (Papal dispensation 25 May 1342) WILLIAM Earl of Ross, son of HUGH Earl of Ross & his first wife Matilda Bruce (-Delny 9 Feb 1372).

iii) JOHN Macdonald .

b) ALEXANDER Macdonald .

c) MURCHAID Macdonald .

2. RUAIRI . m ---. The name of Ruairi’s wife is not known. Ruairi & his wife had two children:

a) DUGALD (-1268). m ---. The name of Dugald’s wife is not known. Dugald & his wife had one child:

i) ERIK.

b) ALAN (-after 1263). m ---. The name of Alan’s wife is not known. Alan & his wife had three children:

i) CHRISTIANA . m DUNCAN of Mar son of ---.

ii) RUAIRI .

iii) LACHLAN .

3. [--- NN] (-before 1209). m as his [second] wife, ALAN Lord of Galloway, son of ROLAND Lord of Galloway & his wife Helen de Moreville (-[2] Feb 1234, bur Dundraynan).]





DETAILED ANNOTATION

KINGS OF THE ISLE OF MAN

Autonomous kings of the Isle of Man, of Scandinavian origin, are recorded between 1076 and 1265, under the suzerainty of the kings of Norway. As will be seen below, some of these rulers also conquered the Western Isles of Scotland during part of this period, and possibly also the kingdom of Dubli n in Ireland for a brief time. Government of the Isle of Man was transferred to Alexander III King of Scotland after the death of Magnus, the last of these kings, in 1265. According to Mallet’s Northern Antiquities (written in 1770), King Alexander paid “4000 marks sterling” to the Norwegians for “the Hebrides and the Isle of Man”[1265]. The transfer of sovereignty was publicly proclaimed in the churchyard of Christ’s Church, Bergen by order of Magnus IV King of Norway in 1270[1266]. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that King Alexander III conquered the island in 1275[1267]. King Edward I granted the Isle of Man to "Waltero de Huntercumbe" by charter dated 4 Jun 1290[1268]. Resistance to Scottish control must have persisted, as the same source records that King Robert I successfully besieged the castle of Rushen in 1313[1269]. According to Camden’s Britannia (written in 1607), Edward II King of England gave the island to Piers Gaveston before it was reconquered by Robert Bruce[1270]. The Chronicle of John of Fordun (Continuator - Annals) records that "the king entered the Isle of Man, took the castles thereof and victoriously brought the land under his sway" in 1313[1271]. Thomas Randolph Earl of Moray governed the island in 1329, as shown by the charter dated 2 May 1329 "apud Russyn in Mannia" under which "Thomas Randulphi comes Moravie dominus Wallie Anandie et Mannie" confirmed the donation made by "Reginaldi…regis Insularum" to St Bees[1272]. Camden’s Britannia recounts that “William de Montacute the younger earl of Salisbury” conquered the island from the Scots and sold it to William Scrope in 1393, the island reverting to the English crown when he was beheaded by Henry IV King of England. http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SCOTTISH%20NOBILITY.htm#dauOlavMSom...


1. SIHTRIC. m ---. The name of Sihtric’s wife is not known. Sihtric & his wife had one child:

a) GODRED (-1076). King of Man. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records the death in 1076 of “Godredus filius Sytric rex Mannius” and the succession of “filius eius Fingal”[1273]. m ---. The name of Godred’s wife is not known. Godred & his wife had one child:

i) FINGAL (-1076 or after). The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records the death in 1076 of “Godredus filius Sytric rex Mannius” and the succession of “filius eius Fingal”[1274]. King of Man. Fingal’s fate after his accession and replacement by Godred “Crovan” is not known.



1. HARALD “the Black” . m ---. The name of Harald’s wife is not known. Harald & his wife had one child: [ONLY POSSIBLY, SHARON D JULY 2021]

a) GODRED “Crovan/white-handed” (-before [1098]). The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum names “Godredus cognomento Crovan filius Haraldi Nigrio de Ysland” and records that he conquered Man in 1076, reigned 16 years and died “in insula…Yle”[1275]. King of Man. The date of his death is indicated by the reference to his son Lagman which is dated to 1098 (see below). [From a chronological point of view, it is possible that he was the same person as GODFRID King of Dublin, whose death is recorded in the Annals of Ulster in 1095 "Gofraidh Meranach king of the foreigners"[1276]. If this is correct, he was the son of Imar King of Dublin.] m ---. The name of Godred’s wife is not known.

Godred & his wife had three children:

i) LAGMAN (-Jerusalem 1111 or after). The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum names “Lagmannum, Haraldum et Olavum” as the three sons of “Godredus Crovan”, recording that Lagman succeeded his father and reigned seven years, before abdicating and leaving for Jerusalem where he died[1277]. King of Man. Morkinskinna records that Magnus III King of Norway captured “Logmadr, the son of King Gudrødr [who] ruled over the northern islands”, dated to 1098 from the context[1278].

ii) HARALD. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum names “Lagmannum, Haraldum et Olavum” as the three sons of “Godredus Crovan”, recording that Harald rebelled against his brother who blinded and emasculated him[1279]. m ---. The name of Harald’s wife is not known.

Harald & [his wife] had three children:

(a) RAGNALD (-murdered [1154]). The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that “tres filii Haraldi fratris Olavi” who had been brought up in Dublin demanded part of the kingdom of the Isles from their paternal uncle King Olav and that one of them “Reginald” murdered his uncle, dating the murder to 29 Jun 1153 in a later passage[1280]. King of Man. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that “Godred filius eius” returned from Norway after his father was killed, murdered one of his cousins and blinded the other two[1281].

(b) son . The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that “tres filii Haraldi fratris Olavi” who had been brought up in Dublin demanded part of the kingdom of the Isles from their paternal uncle King Olav[1282]. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that “Godred filius eius” returned from Norway after his father was killed, murdered one of his cousins and blinded the other two[1283].

(c) son . The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that “tres filii Haraldi fratris Olavi” who had been brought up in Dublin demanded part of the kingdom of the Isles from their paternal uncle King Olav[1284]. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that “Godred filius eius” returned from Norway after his father was killed, murdered one of his cousins and blinded the other two[1285].

iii) OLAV "Morsel" of Man, son of ([1080]-murdered 29 Jun 1153). The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum names “Lagmannum, Haraldum et Olavum” as the three sons of “Godredus Crovan” [1288]. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that “Murecardum O’Brien regem Hibernie” sent “Dompnaldum filium Tade” to island as regent for Olav after the death of Lagman, dating the event to 1111[1289]. King of Man. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that the regent ruled for three years with great tyranny until he was expelled to the Ireland by the people of Man[1290]. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that Olav was recalled from exile at the court of Henry I King of England in 1114 and ruled for forty years[1291]. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that King Olav in 1134 gave land in the Isle of Man to Yvo Abbot of Furness on which to build the abbey of Rushen[1292]. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that “tres filii Haraldi fratris Olavi” who had been brought up in Dublin demanded part of the kingdom of the Isles from their paternal uncle King Olav and that one of them “Reginald” murdered his uncle, dating the murder to 29 Jun 1153 in a later passage[1293].

m AUFRICA, daughter of FERGUS Lord of Galloway & his wife ---. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that “Olavus filius Godredi Crovan” married “Affricam…filiam Fergus de Galwedia”[1294].

Olav & his wife had one child:

1. GODRED (-Isle of St Patrick, Isle of Man 10 Nov 1187, bur Iona). The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum names “Godredum” as the child of “Olavus filius Godredi Crovan” and his wife “Affricam…filiam Fergus de Galwedia”[1295]. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that “Godred filius eius” returned from Norway after his father was killed, murdered one of his cousins and blinded the other two, after which he reigned for 33 years[1296]. King of Man. "Guthredus…rex Insularum" exchanged land "Eschedala" for "ecclesia sancti Olavi et villula…Euastad" with St Bees by undated charter, witnessed by "…Gillochristo fratre et collactaneo meo…"[1297]. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that King Godred was defeated by Somerled Lord of Argyll in 1158 and fled to Norway to seek help[1298]. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records the death “IV Id Nov” in 1187 of King Godred “in insula Sancti Patricii in Mannia” and his burial the following summer in “insulam…Hy”[1299]. m (1176) FINGOLA, daughter of --- of Ireland & his wife ---. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that King Godred married “Phingola filia MacLotlen filii Murkartac regis Hiberniæ”, mother of his son, in a Christian marriage ceremony in 1176[1300].

Godred & his wife had one child:

a) OLAV ([1172/73]-21 May 1237, bur Rushen St Mary). The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum names Olav as the son of King Godred and his wife, adding that he was three years old when his parents were married[1301]. King of Man. OLAV, son of GODRED King of Man & his wife Fingola --- ([1172/73]-21 May 1237, bur Rushen St Mary). The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum names Olav as the son of King Godred and his wife, adding that he was three years old when his parents were married[1329]. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that the Manxman chose Olav’s older brother Ragnall as king, against the wishes of their father, adding in a later passage that Ragnall granted the island of Lewes to Olav but that Olav was later imprisoned by William I King of Scotland, was freed by the latter’s son King Alexander I and returned to Lewes[1330]. King of Man. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that Olav recovered Man from his half-brother in 1226[1331]. The History of Olave the Black King of Man records that “Olave son of Godred was…King of Man” in 1229 when he resisted Alan Lord of Galloway[1332]. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that Olav kept Man when he agreed to divide his kingdom with his nephew Godred in 1230, the latter ruling in the Isles[1333]. "Olavus rex Insularum" donated "boves…oves et porcos" to St Bees by undated charter, witnessed by "…Therkillo filio Nigelli…"[1334]. Henry III King of England made a grant of property to "Olaf King of Man and the Isles" for "his homage and services in guarding at his expense the coast of the English sea towards Ireland and the Isle of Man…" by charter dated 11 Jul 1235[1335]. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records the death “XII Kal Jun” in 1237 of “Olavus Godredi filius rex Manniæ et Insularum” and his burial “in abbatia Sanctæ Mariæ de Russin”[1336].

m firstly ---. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that Olav had previously married “consobrinam” of his second wife, which provided the reason for his divorce[1337].

m secondly JOAN, daughter of ---. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that King Ragnall arranged the marriage of his half-brother Olav to “filiam cujusdam nobilis de Kentyre germanam uxoris suæ, nomine Jauon” from whom he was later divorced on grounds of consanguinity[1338].

m thirdly CHRISTINA, daughter of FERQUHARD MacTaggart Earl of Ross & his wife ---. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that Olav of Man married thirdly “Scristinam filiam Ferkar comitis de Ros”[1339].

Olav & his third wife had four children:

1. HARALD ([1222/23]-drowned 1249). The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that “Haraldus filius eius” succeeded as king on the death of Olav in 1237, being 14 years old and reigning for 12 years[1340]. King of Man. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that Harald and his wife were drowned while returning to Man from Norway in 1249[1341]. m ([1246/47]%29 as her second husband, CECILIA Haakonsdatter, widow of GREGORIUS Andersson, illegitimate daughter of HAAKON "den Gamle/the Old" King of Norway & his mistress --- (-drowned 1248). The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that Harald King of Man married “rex Norwegiæ…filiam suam”[1342]. The Chronicle of Lanercost records that "Haraldum regem Manniæ" married "Haco rex Nortweyæ…filiam suam" in 1247[1343]. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that Harald and his wife were drowned while returning to Man from Norway in 1249[1344].

2. GODRED (-drowned 1237 or after). The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum names “Godredum Holavi filium…puerum” when recording that “Loglenum consanguineis suis”, whom his brother had left as regent in Man, fled with him to Wales but were drowned on the way[1345].

3. RAGNALD (-killed Rushen 30 May 1249, bur Rushen St Mary). The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that “Reginaldus frater eius” succeeded after the death of King Harald in 1249[1346]. King of Man. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that King Ragnall was killed 30 May 1249 “ab Yvaro milite…in prato quodam prope ecclesiam Sanctæ Trinitatis in Russin” and was buried “in ecclesia Sanctæ Mariæ de Russin”[1347].

4. MAGNUS (-24 Nov 1265, bur Rushen St Mary). A charter dated 14 Nov 1251 records that "Magnus Mac Olave Duff proposed to raise a force in Ireland to invade the territory of the King of Norway in the Isle of Man" and the order of King Henry III that "no force shall be permitted to leave Ireland for that purpose"[1348]. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that “Magnus filius Olavi” returned to Man in 1252 and installed as king[1349]. King of Man. Haco’s Expedition against Scotland names “Magnus King of Man” in 1263[1350]. The Continuator of the History of William of Newburgh records the death in 1265 of “the King of Man” after which the island “became tributary to the king of Scotland, who paid for it yearly a certain sum to the king of Norway [and] kings ceased to reign in Man”[1351]. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records the death “VIII Kal Dec” in 1265 of King Magnus and his burial “in abbatia Sanctæ Mariæ de Russyn”, after which Man was transferred to Alexander III King of Scotland[1352]. The Liber Pluscardensis records the death in 1267 of "regulus Manniæ"[1353]. m as her first husband, MARY of Argyll, daughter of EWEN of Argyll & his wife --- (-[28 Sep 1300/10 Oct 1303], bur London, Grey Friars Church). The Liber Pluscardensis records the marriage of "regulus Manniæ…viduam…filiam domini de Arcadia" and "comes de Strathern Malisius"[1354]. The Extracta ex Cronicis Scocie records the death of "Rex Mannie" and the marriage of "eius relictam, filiam comitis Ergadie Eugenii" to "Malisius comes de Stratherne", among passages dealing with events in 1268[1355]. The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. She married secondly ([1268]%29 as his fourth wife, Malise Earl of Strathearn, thirdly (before 5 Apr 1281) Hugh Abernethy of that Ilk, and fourthly (before 10 Apr 1299) as his second wife, William FitzWarin. "Maria Regina de Man quondam uxor domini Willelmi filii Warini" is named in the Wardrobe Accounts in Dec 1299[1356]. The deaths of “dñs Willm Fizwarryn Baro et Isabella ux sua quoda Regina Man” are recorded in Grey Friars Church, London[1357].

Magnus & his wife had [one child]:

a) [MARY . The editor of Monumenta de Insula Manniæ shows Mary as daughter of King Ragnall, brother of King Magnus, and his wife “Mary, daughter of Alexander de Ergadia Lord of Lorn”, adding that King Ragnall’s widow “afterwards became the second wife of Malise earl of Strathearn”. He also shows the marriage of the daughter Mary to “John de Waldeboef” by whom she had “William Waldeboef”. He cites no sources for this information[1358]. Camden’s Britannia (written in 1607) records that “Mary daughter of Reginald king of Man…preferred a suit for the island to [John King of England]”, which is clearly garbled as King John died in 1216[1359]. The same source adds that “her son’s son John Waldebeof…prosecuted his grandmother’s claim in parliament 33 Edward the first” unsuccessfully and that “William de Montacute his kinsman, descended from the kings of Man, did by arms” but mortgaged the island to “Anthony Bec bishop of Durham and patriarch of Jerusalem”. According to the Complete Peerage, the fourth (not second) wife of Malise Earl of Strathearn was the widow of Magnus (not Ragnall) King of Man[1360]. Unfortunately it cites no sources either. However, if the Complete Peerage is correct in its listing of Earl Malise’s four wives, it would be chronologically consistent for his wife Mary to have been the widow of Magnus rather than Ragnall. Until more information comes to light, it is considered more appropriate to show Mary as the possible daughter of King Magnus than of King Ragnall. m JOHN de Waldeboef, son of ---.]

Godred had three illegitimate children by unknown mistresses:

b) RAGNALD (-killed in battle Tynwald 1228, bur St Mary of Furness). The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum names “Reginaldum, Olavum et Yvarum” as the three sons of King Godred, adding that their father had nominated his legitimate son Olav as his successor, but that the Manxmen chose Ragnald as king because he was older[1302]. The birth date of his daughter, wife of the Welsh princes, indicates that Ragnald must have been much older than his legitimate half-brother. King of Man. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that Olav recovered Man from his half-brother in 1226[1303]. "Ragdnaldus…rex Insularum" donated "totam medietatem terre…Ormeshan…apud portum de Corna et aciam terram Asmundertoftes" to St Bees by undated charter, witnessed by "…Gospatricio filio Henrici…"[1304]. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that Olav was murdered in 1228 and buried at St Mary of Furness[1305]. m ---, daughter of --. Her parentage is confirmed by the Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum which records that King Ragnald arranged the marriage of his half-brother Olav to “filiam cujusdam nobilis de Kentyre germanam uxoris suæ, nomine Jauon”[1306]. ["the daughter of a nobleman of Kentyre a sister of his wife, namely Jauon". Sharon Doubell July 2021]

Ragnald [& his wife] had four children:

i) daughter ([1182/83]-after 17 Feb 1205). Her parentage, betrothals and two marriages are confirmed by the following documents. Pope Innocent III, by letter dated 24 Nov 1199, requested an enquiry after “R. princeps Norwaliæ” requested permission to marry “filiam...prinicipis Insularum” notwithstanding that “patruo eius eadem infra nubiles annos exstitit desponsata”, in particular investigating whether she was still under 7 years old [youngest canonical age for marriage at the time] when “a nepote, vel patruo desponsata”[1307]. Pope Innocent III, by letter dated 19 Apr 1203, reported the enquiry after “N. princeps Norwalliæ” requested permission to marry “filiam...principis Insularum”, referring to his previous letter, confirming that “L. principe Norwalliæ” had been betrothed to “puella, completis octo annis”, that she was later betrothed to “patruo...suo”, that the enquiry found against the marriage but allowed it to stand to bring peace to the dispute[1308]. Pope Innocent III issued a third letter dated 17 Feb 1205, after further facts emerged, annulling the marriage and recording that “ejusdem L. patruus ipsam” was betrothed to the girl when in her ninth year, married her in her tenth, and cohabited with her, including “in Manniam rediens” before returning “in Walliam” by himself leaving his wife behind, for 2 years, 2 months and 15 days since their marriage[1309]. Her marriage date suggests that she was much older than her sister who married Thomas of Galloway. Maybe they were born from different marriages. Remfry notes that Dwnn’s Visitation incorrectly names “Rhunallt, the daughter of the king of Man” as wife of Gruffydd ap Llywelyn (see the document WALES) and suggests that this may represent confusion with the first/second wife of Llywelyn[1310]. m firstly ([1191/92]%29 RHODRI ap Owain Lord of Anglesey, son of OWAIN King of Gwynedd & his second wife Christina of Deheubarth (-[1194/95]). m secondly (Betrothed [1190]?, betrothal terminated [1191/92]), [1195/96], separated [annulled] [1203/05]) as his [first/second] wife, LLYWELYN ap Iorwerth Fawr ("the Great") Prince of North Wales, son of IORWERTH "Drwyndwyn/flat nose" Prince of Gwynedd & his wife Marared of Powys ([1173]-11 Apr 1240, bur Aberconway). [PLEASE SEE DISCUSSION OF ADDITIONAL SOURCES HERE: https://www.geni.com/discussions/233917?msg=1485837 - SHARON D JULY 2021]

ii) daughter (after [1182/83]-after [1194/95]). Her existence is confirmed by the letter of Pope Innocent III dated 17 Feb 1205 (see above) which records that, after the death of Rhodri, “predictus L.” asked “a rege Manniæ juniorem filiam in conjugem”, which was refused as Llywelyn had already been betrothed to the older daughter[1311].

iii) GODRED (-killed Lewes after 1230). The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum names Godred as son of King Ragnald when it records that his mother sent him to kill his uncle Olav, but that he was surprised by Olav’s followers, blinded and emasculated, dated to 1223[1312]. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that King Olav agreed to divide his territories in 1230 with Godred, who ruled in the Isles but was killed in Lewes[1313]. m ---. The name of Godred’s wife is not known.

Godred & his wife had one child:

(a) HARALD (-1252 or after). The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that “Haraldus filius Godredi Don” usurped the kingdom in 1249 after the death of King Ragnald, but that Magnus returned in 1252 and was installed as king[1314]. King of Man.

iv) daughter . The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that King Ragnvald married his daughter to Alan of Galloway’s son[1315]. Her marriage date suggests that she was much younger than her sister who married the Welsh princes. Maybe they were born from different marriages. m (1226[1316]%29 THOMAS of Galloway, illegitimate son of ALAN Lord of Galloway & his mistress ---.

c) IVAR . The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum names “Reginaldum, Olavum et Yvarum” as the three sons of King Godred[1317].

d) AUFRICA (-after 1219, bur Grey Abbey of the Cistercians, Strangford Lough[1318]). The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that “Johannes…de Curci” married “filiam Godredi…Affricam” who had founded “abbatiam Sanctæ Mariæ de Jugo Dei” where she was buried[1319]. Aufrica’s husband was one of the first conquerors of Ireland under Henry II King of England in the 1170s[1320]. m (1180[1321]%29 JOHN de Curcy, son of --- (-before 22 Sep 1219).

OLAV "Morsel" of Man had [six or more] illegitimate children by unknown mistresses:

2. RAGNALD (-1165 or after). The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that “Olavus filius Godredi Crovan” had many concubines by whom he fathered “filios tres…Reignaldum, Lagmannum et Haraldum et filias multas”[1322]. King of Man. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that “Reginaldum fratrem Godfredi” seized the throne but was defeated four days later by Godred who returned from Norway and blinded and emasculated his brother[1323].

3. LAGMAN. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that “Olavus filius Godredi Crovan” had many concubines by whom he fathered “filios tres…Reignaldum, Lagmannum et Haraldum et filias multas”[1324].

4. HARALD. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that “Olavus filius Godredi Crovan” had many concubines by whom he fathered “filios tres…Reignaldum, Lagmannum et Haraldum et filias multas”[1325].

5. daughter . The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that “Olavus filius Godredi Crovan” had many concubines by whom he fathered “filios tres…Reignaldum, Lagmannum et Haraldum et filias multas”, adding that one daughter married “Sumerledo regulo Herergaildel”[1326]. Balfour Paul names her "Ragnhildis" but he does not cite the corresponding primary source[1327]. m SOMERLED Lord of Argyll, son of --- (-killed in battle 1164).

6. daughters . The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that “Olavus filius Godredi Crovan” had many concubines by whom he fathered “filios tres…Reignaldum, Lagmannum et Haraldum et filias multas”[1328]. The precise number of Olav’s daughters is not known.






LORDS of the ISLES



Somerled, a Celtic chief, acquired the Western Isles in the mid-1100s and assumed the title “King of the Isles”. His son Reginald was the first whose title "Lord of the Isles" is attested in a contemporary document. Although Angus the fourth Lord was the first to acknowledge the subjection of the Isles to the kings of Scotland, no Scottish peerage over the region was created until 1476[1361]. The title "Lord of the Isles" was later one which was vested in the first-born son of the king of Scotland.


REGINALD, son of SOMERLED Lord of Argyll & his wife --- of Man (-after 1192). The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum names “Dulgallum, Reginaldum, Engus et Olavum” as the four sons of “Sumerledo regulo Herergaildel” and his wife the daughter of Olav King of Man[1362]. Balfour Paul states that Reginald inherited "Kintyre and Isla" but drove his brother Angus out of Bute and Arran, but does not cite the corresponding primary source[1363]. Lord of the Isles. "Reginaldus filius Sumerled dominus de Inchegal…et uxor mea Fonie" donated cows and other revenue to Paisley monastery by undated charter[1364]. Balfour Paul dates this charter to [1180], although he does not state the basis for this speculation[1365]. The Chronicon Manniæ et Insularum records that Engus, son of Somerled, defeated his brother Reginald in 1192[1366]. The Book of Clanranald records the death of Reginald in 1207[1367].

m FONIE, daughter of ---. "Reginaldus filius Sumerled dominus de Inchegal…et uxor mea Fonie" donated cows and other revenue to Paisley monastery by undated charter[1368].

Reginald & his wife had [three] children:

1. DONALD (-Island of Kerrara 1249, bur Iona). He succeeded his father as Lord of the Isles. "Douenaldus filius Reginaldi filii Sumerled…et uxor mea" confirmed his father’s donation of cows and other revenue to Paisley monastery by undated charter[1369]. The Annals of Ulster record that "the sons of Raghnall, son of Somurlech” fought "the men of Sciadh" [Skye] in 1209 "wherein slaughter was inflicted on them"[1370]. The Chronicle of John of Fordun records that King Alexander II led an army into Argyll, dated to 1221 from the context, and subdued the land[1371]. Balfour Paul states that Donald died "in the island of Kerrara in 1349" and was buried "in Iona", but he does not cite the corresponding primary source[1372]. m --- Stewart, daughter of WALTER FitzAlan Stewart Hugh Steward of Scotland & his wife ---. Balfour Paul states that Donald married "a daughter of Walter High Steward of Scotland", but he does not cite the corresponding primary source[1373]. Donald & his wife had [three] children:

a) ANGUS Macdonald (-[1296]). He succeeded his father as Lord of the Isles. A charter dated 1292 records safe conduct granted to "Anegus filius Dovenaldi et Alexander filius eius"[1374]. "Angus filius Douenaldi" donated revenue to Paisley monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "Alexandro fratre meo…"[1375]. Balfour Paul says that the Lord of the Isles became the vassal of the Scottish king under the terms of the treaty with Magnus IV King of Norway in 1266[1376]. m --- Campbell, daughter of COLIN Campbell of Lochow & his wife ---. Balfour Paul says that Angus married "a daughter of Sir Colin Campbell of Lochow" but does not cite the corresponding primary source[1377]. Angus & his wife had three children:

i) ALEXANDER Macdonald (-after 1308). A charter dated 1292 records safe conduct granted to "Anegus filius Dovenaldi et Alexander filius eius"[1378]. He succeeded his father as Lord of the Isles. He opposed Robert Bruce and was appointed Admiral of the Western Isles under the English crown[1379]. A charter dated [Jun 1297] records the crimes committed by "Alexandrum de Ergadia" against the English, signed by "Julianæ sponsæ nostræ"[1380]. m JULIANA, daughter of --- (-after [Jun 1297]). A charter dated [Jun 1297] records the crimes committed by "Alexandrum de Ergadia" against the English, signed by "Julianæ sponsæ nostræ"[1381]. Balfour Paul says that Alexander married "Juliana of Lorn, and by her had six sons John Dubh, Reginald, Somerled, Angus, Godfrey and Charles", adding that "these sons found their way to Ireland where they left numerous descendants", but does not cite the corresponding primary sources[1382].

ii) ANGUS Macdonald, son of ANGUS Lord of the Isles & his wife --- (-Finlaggan Castle, Isla 1330). He succeeded his brother as Lord of the Isles. He fought for Robert Bruce at the battle of Bannockburn in 1314. m AGNES, daughter of GUY of Cathan of Ulster & his wife ---.

Angus & his wife had [three] children:

1. JOHN Macdonald (-1387). He succeeded his father as Lord of the Isles. David II King of Scotland granted "Yle insulam de Geday insulam de Jura insulam de Colinsay" to "Johannem de Yle consanguineum nostrum" by charter dated 1344[1390]. Robert II King of Scotland granted "insulam de Colowsay" to "Johanni del Yle…et…filis nostre Margarete sponse sue" by charter dated Jul 1376[1391]. m firstly (Papal dispensation 4 Jun 1337, divorced) EUPHEME, daughter of RODERICK MacRuare of Garmoran & his wife ---. m secondly Lady MARGARET Stewart, daughter of ROBERT II King of Scotland & his first wife Elizabeth Mure (-after 8 Jan 1401). Robert II King of Scotland granted "insulam de Colowsay" to "Johanni del Yle…et…filis nostre Margarete sponse sue" by charter dated Jul 1376[1392].

Lord John & his first wife had one child:

a) JOHN Macdonald of the Isles (-before 30 Mar 1373). m as her first husband, ELLEN Campbell, daughter of ARCHIBALD [Gillespie Campbell] & his [second] wife [Isabel Lamont] (-after 1434). She married secondly Duncan Earl of Lennox.

Lord John & his second wife had eight children:

b) DONALD Macdonald (-Ardtornish, Morven [1423][1393]). He succeeded his father in 1387 as Lord of the Isles. He claimed the Earldom of Ross, de iure uxoris, and fought the battle of Harlaw in 1411 to enforce his rights. m MARY Leslie Ctss of Ross, daughter of WALTER Leslie & his wife Eupheme Ctss of Ross (-[1435]). Donald & his wife had one child:

i) ALEXANDER Macdonald (-May 1449). He succeeded his father as Lord of the Isles, and his mother as Earl of Ross.

c) JOHN "Ian Mor Tanisteir" (-1427). m MARJORIE Bisset, daughter of HUGH Bisset & his wife ---.

d) ALEXANDER "Alastair Carrach" . m ---.

e) ANGUS .

f) HUGH . Thane of Glentilt. m ---.

g) MARCUS .

h) MARY . m LACHLEAN Maclean of Duart.

i) ELIZABETH . m (contract 8 Jan 1401) ANGUS Duff Mackay of Strathnaver, son of ---.

2. ALEXANDER Macdonald .

3. MARY Macdonald. m (Papal dispensation 25 May 1342) WILLIAM Earl of Ross, son of HUGH Earl of Ross & his first wife Matilda Bruce (-Delny 9 Feb 1372).

iii) JOHN Macdonald . Balfour Paul names "John known as Iain Sprangach" as the third son of Angus and his wife, adding that he was the ancestor of "the Macdonalds of Ardmamurchan", but does not cite the corresponding primary source[1383].

b) ALEXANDER Macdonald . "Angus filius Douenaldi" donated revenue to Paisley monastery by undated charter, witnessed by "Alexandro fratre meo…"[1384]. Balfour Paul says that Alexander was known as "Alastair Mor" and was ancestor of "the Alexanders of Menstrie, Earls of Sterling, and the Alexanders, Earls of Caledon, the MacAlisters of Loup, with their cadet families of Strathaird, Glenbarr and Torrisdal", but he does not cite the corresponding primary sources[1385].

c) MURCHAID Macdonald .

2. RUAIRI . Balfour Paul states that "Roderick" inherited "North Kintyre, Bute and the lands of Garmoran, extending from Ardnamurchan to Gleneig", previously the possessions of his paternal uncle Angus, but does not cite the corresponding primary source[1386]. The Annals of Ulster record that "the sons of Raghnall, son of Somurlech” fought "the men of Sciadh" [Skye] in 1209 "wherein slaughter was inflicted on them"[1387]. m ---. The name of Ruairi’s wife is not known. Ruairi & his wife had two children:

a) DUGALD (-1268). The Saga of Eirspennill’s Hakon Hakon’s son records that "John, Duncan’s son, and Dugald, Ruadri’s son" met Alexander II King of Scotland in 1248 and "endeavoured…that the king should give them the title of king over the northern part of the Hebrides"[1388]. The Saga of Eirspennill’s Hakon Hakon’s son names "king Dugald, Alan Dugald’s brother, Angus and Murchaid" among those who met Haakon IV King of Norway when he invaded in 1263, adding in a later passage that the king gave "to [Dugald] the dominion that king John had had"[1389]. The Icelandic Annals record the death in 1268 of "Dubgallus rex Hebudum"[1390]. m ---. The name of Dugald’s wife is not known. Dugald & his wife had one child:

i) ERIK.

b) ALAN (-after 1263). The Saga of Eirspennill’s Hakon Hakon’s son names "king Dugald, Alan Dugald’s brother, Angus and Murchaid" among those who met Haakon IV King of Norway when he invaded in 1263[1391]. m ---. The name of Alan’s wife is not known. Alan & his wife had three children:

i) CHRISTIANA . Robert I King of Scotland confirmed land "de Knodworache" to "Roderico filio Alani" by charter dated to [1320], which names "Cristina de Mar filia quondam Alani filii Roderici"[1385]. m DUNCAN of Mar son of ---.

ii) RUAIRI . Robert I King of Scotland confirmed land "de Knodworache" to "Roderico filio Alani" by charter dated to [1320], which names "Cristina de Mar filia quondam Alani filii Roderici"[1386].

iii) LACHLAN .

3. [--- NN] (-before 1209). Balfour Paul says that Alan Lord of Galloway married first "a lady unknown, said to be a daughter of Reginald Lord of the Isles by whom he had two daughters"[1394]. He cites Chalmers’s Caledonia, but that says only that “the name of the first [wife] is unknown” without providing any indication of her family origin[1395]. Balfour Paul repeats his suggestion under the Lords of the Isles where he notes a daughter of Reginald Lord of the Isles "said to have married Alan of Galloway", without citing any source[1396]. There is no indication of the basis for Balfour Paul’s statements and no primary source which confirms this person’s parentage and marriage has been identified. Her existence should presumably be treated with caution until some such source emerges. If she did marry Alan, she was not the mother of his daughter Ellen. She was either married before his marriage to “--- de Lacy” or before he married Margaret of Huntingdon: she is shown here, for presentational purposes only, as Alan’s possible second wife. m as his [second] wife, ALAN Lord of Galloway, son of ROLAND Lord of Galloway & his wife Helen de Moreville (-[2] Feb 1234, bur Dundraynan).]







Jump Back To