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Military Cross recipients

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Military Cross

Instituted on 28th December 1914 the Military Cross (M.C.) is the third level military decoration awarded to Officers for an act or acts of exemplary gallantry during active operations against the enemy.

Commissioned officers with the rank of Captain or below or Warrant Officer were eligible for the award. From June 1917 officers of the rank of captain but who had a temporary rank of major could receive the award.

On each arm of the silver-coloured Military Cross is an Imperial Crown and in the centre of the award is the ‘Imperial’ and ‘Royal Cypher’ of the reigning sovereign, GV, GVI or EIIR. The white ribbon is 1.375 inches wide with a central vertical purple stripe (0.5 inches wide). The bar is made of silver with a crown in the centre.

The reverse of the medal was issued plain with no engraving other than the year of the award engraved on the lower arm. Some families and individuals engraved their details at their own expense.

Recipients of the Military Cross are entitled to use the letters M.C. after their name.

In August 1916 Bars were awarded to the MC in recognition of the performance of further acts of gallantry meriting the award and recipients of a bar continue to use post nominal letters MC.

The Military Cross (M.C.) is the British Army equivalent of the Distinguished Service Cross (D.S.C.) and Distinguished Flying Cross (D.F.C.).

Citations for the M.C. were published in the London Gazette during the Great War. However if the M.C. was a King’s Birthday or New Year award, details were not published and in most cases will not be available.

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