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Morocco: Cradle of Jewish Scholarship & Art

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  • Jacob Israel Hagiz (1620 - 1674)
    Jacob Hagiz (1620–1674) was a Jewish Talmudist born of a Sephardi Jewish family at Fez. Ḥagiz's teacher was David Karigal (Ḳorban Minḥah, No. 105), who afterward became his father-in-law. About 1646 Ḥa...
  • Yitzhak ben Yakob HaKohen al-Fasi, ‎ (c.1013 - c.1103)
    Isaac ben Jacob Alfasi ha-Cohen (1013 - 1103) ר' יצחק אלפסי - also known as the Alfasi or by his Hebrew acronym Rif (Rabbi Isaac al-Fasi), was a Talmudist and posek (decider in matters of halakha - Jew...
  • Chief Rabbi Mordekhai ben Joseph Berdugo, Rav Hamarbitz (c.1715 - 1762)
    Berdugo Family Tree Mordechai Berdugo 1715-1763. Harav Hamarbitz ou encore Mordechai Hatsadik. En son temps, il fut plus célèbre que son frère aîné Yéhouda, Disciple et gendre de Rabbi Moché, il fut me...
  • Rabbi Raphael ben Mordekhai Berdugo (1747 - 1821)
    Rabbi Raphael Berdugo English WikipediaRav Rphaël Berdugo fut une de figures les plus attachantes. Un des plus grands rabbins de toute l'histoire du Maroc. Il est resté dans la prospérité comme Mal'ach...
  • Rabbi Israel Abuchatzira (1889 - 1984)
    Rabbi Yisrael Abuhatzeira , ישראל אבוחצירא , known as the Baba Sali (Arabic: بابا صلى‎, Hebrew: באבא סאלי‎, lit. "Praying Father") (1890–1984) was a leading Moroccan Sephardic rabbi and kabbalist who w...

Jews first migrated to this area after the destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem, and a second wave migrated from the Iberian peninsula in the period immediately preceding and following the 1492 Alhambra Decree, when the Jews were expelled from kingdoms of Spain and Portugal.

At its peak in the 1940s, Morocco's Jewish population exceeded 250,000. Today, approximately 5,000 Jews remain in Morocco. Source

Leading Families:

  1. Abraham Azulai (c. 1570 – 1643) - Kabbalistic author and commentator.
  2. Chaim Joseph David Azulai (1724–1807) - a rabbinical scholar and a noted bibliophile, who pioneered the history of Jewish religious writings.
  3. Raphael Isaiah Azulai - (died 1830) - Rabbi and writer.
  4. André Azoulay Senior adviser to King Mohammed VI of Morocco
  5. S. K. Azoulay - Israeli Writer
  6. Jean-Luc Azoulay - French filmmaker, see AB Disques
  7. Guillaume Azoulay - French/Moroccan artist, see Fine Art Showcase
  8. Ariella Azoulay - Israeli scholar and documentarian, see Herzliya Biennial
  9. Daniel Azulay - Brazilian cartoonist and children's television personality
  10. Jom Tob Azulay - Brazilian film producer and director.
  11. Simon Azoulay Pedersen - Danish football player.
  12. Rubem David Azulay - Great Brazilian Dermatologist(1917-2013).

Notable Moroccan Jews

  1. • Michel Abitbol, scholar
  2. • Yaakov Abuhatzeira, 19th-century rabbi
  3. Yisrael Abuhatzeira (Baba Sali), 20th-century rabbi
  4. • Amram Aburbeh, chief rabbi of Petah Tikva
  5. • Shlomo Amar, Sephardi Chief Rabbi of Israel
  6. • Richard Attias, businessman
  7. • Pierre Assouline, journalist.
  8. • André Azoulay, senior adviser to Mohammed VI of Morocco
  9. • Elena Benarroch, Fashion designer
  10. • Amram ben Diwan, 18th-century rabbi
  11. • Daniel Benlulu, politician
  12. • Aldo Bensadoun, founder of ALDO Group footwear
  13. Avraham Bensoussan
  14. • Simone Bitton, filmmaker
  15. • Ralph de Toledano, politician
  16. • Aryeh Deri, Israeli politician
  17. • Alber Elbaz, fashion designer
  18. • André Elbaz, painter and filmmaker
  19. • Edmond Amran El Maleh, writer
  20. • Gad Elmaleh, comedian
  21. • Arthur Essebag, television presenter
  22. • Samuel Hadida, film producer
  23. • Maguy Kakon, author and politician
  24. • Marc Lasry, billionaire hedge fund manager
  25. • Oshik Levy, Israeli singer
  26. • Paul Marciano, fashion designer
  27. • Ya'akov Margi, politician
  28. • Ze'ev Revach, Israeli actor
  29. • Abraham Serfaty, politician
  30. • Avi Toledano, Israeli singer
  31. • Haim Zafrani, scholar and writer
  32. • Serge Haroche, physicist, Nobel Prize winner
  33. • Moses Elias Levy, 19th-century international businessman and reformer.



Many Rabanim have passed through and sojourned in Morocco leaving behind great influence.

  1. Yaakov Abuhatzeira
  2. Zechariah Aghmati
  3. Samuel Albas
  4. Isaac Alfasi
  5. Amram ben Diwan
  6. Raphael Ankawa
  7. Chaim ibn Attar
  8. Abraham Azulai
  9. Baba Sali
  10. Raphael Berdugo
  11. Salomon Berdugo
  12. Shalom Ben Moses Buzaglo
  13. David Ben Hassin
  14. Issachar ben Mordecai ibn Susan
  15. Dunash ben Labrat
  16. David Messas
  17. Chalom Messas
  18. Chaim Pinto
  19. Yosef Yitzchak Shloush
  20. Abraham ibn Zimra
  21. Jacob ben Reuben ibn Zur Source