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Profiles

  • Jessica Lucy Treuhaft (1917 - 1996)
    Jessica Lucy Mitford , nicknamed Decca or Dec , writer and campaigner, was born in Burford, Oxfordshire on 11 September 1917 and died Oakland, California 23 July 1996. Parents: 7th and penultimate ch...
  • Edwin Markham (1852 - 1940)
    Edwin Markham (April 23, 1852 – March 7, 1940; born Charles Edward Anson Markham) was an American poet. From 1923 to 1931 he was Poet Laureate of Oregon. Edwin Markham was born in Oregon City, Oregon...
  • Claud Cockburn (1904 - 1981)
    Francis Claud Cockburn of Brook Lodge, Youghal, County Cork, Munster, Ireland ( /ˈkoʊbərn/ KOH-bərn; 12 April 1904 – 15 December 1981) was a British journalist. He was a well known proponent of commu...
  • George Seldes (1890 - 1995)
    George Seldes, wikipedia (a cursory an often belittling piece that does not do justice to this man's work) Other accounts need to be read to better appreciate this man's life: 1985 LA Times 1...
  • Jack London (1876 - 1916)
    Jack London was an American novelist, journalist, and social activist. A pioneer in the then-burgeoning world of commercial magazine fiction, he was one of the first fiction writers to obtain worldwide...

Muckraker

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muckraker

The term muckraker refers to reform-minded journalists who wrote largely for all popular magazines and continued a tradition of investigative journalism reporting; muckrakers often worked to expose social ills and corporate and political corruption. Muckraking magazines—notably McClure's of publisher S. S. McClure—took on corporate monopolies and crooked political machines while raising public awareness of chronic urban poverty, unsafe working conditions, and social issues like child labor.

The muckrakers are most commonly associated with the Progressive Era period of American history. The journalistic movement emerged in the United States after 1900 and continued to be influential until World War I, when the movement came to an end through a combination of advertising boycotts, dirty tricks and "patriotism."

Before World War I, the term "muckraker" was used to refer in a general sense to a writer who investigates and publishes truthful reports to perform an auditing or watchdog function. In contemporary use, the term describes either a journalist who writes in the adversarial or alternative tradition, or a non-journalist whose purpose in publication is to advocate reform and change. Investigative journalists view the muckrakers as early influences and a continuation of watchdog journalism.

The term is a reference to a character in John Bunyan's classic Pilgrim's Progress, "the Man with the Muck-rake" that rejected salvation to focus on filth. It became popular after President Theodore Roosevelt referred to the character in a 1906 speech; Roosevelt acknowledged that "the men with the muck rakes are often indispensable to the well being of society; but only if they know when to stop raking the muck..."

Early 20th century muckraking

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muckraker#Early_20th_century_muckraking

Muckrakers and their works

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muckraker#Muckrakers_and_their_works

Second half of the 20th century

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muckraker#Second_half_of_the_20th_century