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New Zealand Disasters: Christchurch Earthquake (22 February 2011)

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At 12.51 p.m. on Tuesday 22 February 2011, a magnitude 6.3 earthquake caused severe damage in Christchurch and Lyttelton, killing 185 people and injuring several thousand.

The earthquake’s epicentre was near Lyttelton, just 10 km southeast of Christchurch’s central business district. It occurred nearly six months after the 4 September 2010 earthquake.

The earthquake struck at lunchtime, when many people were on the city streets. More than 130 people lost their lives in the collapse of the Canterbury Television and Pyne Gould Corporation buildings. Falling bricks and masonry killed 11 people, and eight died in two city buses crushed by crumbling walls. Rock cliffs collapsed in the Sumner and Redcliffs area, and boulders tumbled down the Port Hills, with five people killed by falling rocks.

Although not as powerful as the magnitude 7.1 earthquake on 4 September 2010, this earthquake occurred on a shallow fault line that was close to the city, so the shaking was particularly destructive.

The earthquake brought down many buildings damaged the previous September, especially older brick and mortar buildings. Heritage buildings suffered heavy damage, including the Provincial Council Chambers, Lyttelton’s Timeball Station, the Anglican Christchurch Cathedral and the Catholic Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament. More than half of the buildings in the central business district have since been demolished, including the city’s tallest building, the Hotel Grand Chancellor.

Liquefaction was much more extensive than in September 2010. Shaking turned water-saturated layers of sand and silt beneath the surface into sludge that squirted upwards through cracks. Thick layers of silt covered properties and streets, and water and sewage from broken pipes flooded streets. House foundations cracked and buckled, wrecking many homes. Irreparable damage led to the demolition of several thousand homes, and large tracts of suburban land were subsequently abandoned.

The government declared a national state of emergency the day after the quake. Authorities quickly cordoned off Christchurch’s central business district. The cordon remained in place in some areas until June 2013. Power companies restored electricity to 75 per cent of the city within three days, but re-establishing water supplies and sewerage systems took much longer.

Source: 'Christchurch earthquake kills 185', URL: https://nzhistory.govt.nz/page/christchurch-earthquake-kills-185, (Ministry for Culture and Heritage), updated 20-Feb-2019

See also: Memorial Guide https://www.canterburyearthquakememorial.co.nz/assets/Uploads/OTA1020-Visitor-Guide-Revision-AW.pdf

As at 9 February 2012, the official earthquake toll was 185 victims:

  • 115 people died in the Canterbury Television (CTV) building
  • 18 people died in the Pyne Gould Corporation (PGC) building
  • 8 people died on buses in the central city
  • 28 people died in other areas of the central city
  • 12 people died in suburban locations

The majority of victims were identified through the Police disaster victim identification process, or were visually identified at Christchurch Hospital. Four victims were unable to be identified. In addition to the 181 victims identified through the Police disaster victim identification process, the Chief Coroner has determined that an additional four deaths were directly associated with the 22 February earthquake.

Many thanks to the New Zealand Police website for the following list of 185 victims:

  1. Maysoon Mahdi Abbas, 61
  2. Lalaine Collado Agatep, 38
  3. Husam Sabar Al-Ani, 55
  4. Jane-Marie Alberts, 44
  5. Mary Louise Anne Bantillo Amantillo, 23
  6. Emmabelle Cabahug Anoba, 26
  7. Jayden Brytane Andrews-Howland, 15
  8. Marina Arai, 19
  9. Linda Isobel Arnold, 57
  10. Pamela Christina Barkle, 72
  11. Dominic Joseph Gerard Bell, 45
  12. Valquin Descalsota Bensurto, 23
  13. Heidi Julie Berg, 36
  14. Matthew Lyle Beaumont, 31
  15. Carey Stuart Bird, 48
  16. Andrew James Llewellyn Bishop, 33
  17. Nina Jane Bishop, 32
  18. Iris Botting (née Cone), 88
  19. Pamela Maree Brien (née Cave), 53
  20. Rhys Frank Brookbanks, 25
  21. Melanie Jane Brown (née Gentle), 54
  22. Henry Ross Bush 75
  23. Ivy Jane Cabunilas, 33
  24. Yu Cai, 31
  25. Ian Neville Caldwell, 47
  26. Cristiano Carazo-Chandler, 35
  27. Helen Margaret Chambers (née Johnston), 44
  28. Yang Chen (née ?), 29
  29. John Kristoffer Villegas Chua, 24
  30. Susan Patricia Chuter, 52
  31. Stephen Andrew Cochrane, 43
  32. Rachel Elizabeth Conley, 27
  33. Philip Graeme Reeve COPPEARD, age 41 of Christchurch
  34. Patrick John COUPE, age 46 of Christchurch
  35. Donald Ashby COWEY, age 82 of Christchurch
  36. Andrew Christian Ross CRAIG, age 46 of Christchurch
  37. John Barry CRAIG (known as Barry), age 67 of Christchurch
  38. Estelle Marie CULLEN, age 32 of Christchurch
  39. Dr Tamara CVETANOVA, age 42 (female) of Serbia, resident in Christchurch
  40. Betty Irene DICKSON, age 82 of Christchurch
  41. Joanna Clare Didham (née Beveridge), 35
  42. Jennifer Ann DONALDSON, age 55 of Christchurch
  43. Paul Clarence DUNLOP, age 67 of Rolleston Selwyn District
  44. Marielle FALARDEAU, age 60 of Canada
  45. Dian Mary FALCONER, age 54 of Christchurch
  46. Adam Stephen FISHER, age 27 of Belfast, Christchurch
  47. Maureen Valerie FLETCHER, age 75 of Christchurch
  48. Ian FOLDESI, age 64 (male) of Christchurch
  49. Jewel Jose FRANCISCO, age 26 of the Philippines
  50. Samuel Reese GIBB, age 27 of Christchurch
  51. Jaime Robert McDowell GILBERT, age 22 of Christchurch
  52. Joanne May GILES, age 60 of Christchurch
  53. Baxtor Warwick GOWLAND, age 5 months of Christchurch
  54. Elizabeth Jane GRANT (known as Jane) age 51 (female) of Belfast, Christchurch
  55. Natasha Sarah HADFIELD, age 38 of Kaiapoi
  56. Yuki HAMASAKI, age 23 (female) of Japan
  57. Xiling HAN, age 25 (female) of China
  58. Tamara Lia HARCA, age 59 (female) from Romania, resident in Christchurch
  59. Jayden HARRIS, age 8 months of Christchurch
  60. Yuki HASUMOTO, age 22 (female) of Japan
  61. Yumiko HATA (female), age 29 of Japan
  62. Miki HAYASAKA, age 37 female) from Japan
  63. Wen HE, age 25 (female) of China
  64. Jen/Jin HII, age 34 (female) of Malaysia
  65. Yuko HIRABAYASHI, age 28 (female) from Japan
  66. Yoshiko HIRAUCHI, age 61 of Japan
  67. Marion Isabella McKirdy Hilbers (née Berry), 49
  68. Christopher Grant HOMAN, age 34 of Christchurch
  69. Amanda Jane Hooper (née Christie), 30
  70. Megumi HORITA (female), age 19 of Japan
  71. Hifumi HOSHIBA, age 41 (female) from Japan
  72. Siwen HUO (female), age 28 of China
  73. Haruki HYAKUMAN (male), age 27 of Japan
  74. Rika HYUGA, age 30 (female) of Japan
  75. Toshiko IMAOKA, age 34 (female), of Japan
  76. Gabi INGEL, age 22 of Israel
  77. Thanydha INTARANGKUN, age 36 (female), of Thailand
  78. Tomoki ISHIKURO, age 19 (male) of Japan
  79. Kyle Brandon JACK-MIDGLEY, age 27 from Christchurch
  80. Man JIN, age 26 (female) of China
  81. Kayo KANAMARU, age 19 (female) of Japan
  82. Kyoko KAWAHATA, age 20 of Japan
  83. Beverley Faye Kennedy (née Grenfell), 60
  84. Saori KIKUDA, age 19 (female) of Japan
  85. Yasuhiro KITAGAWA (male), age 39 of Japan
  86. Chang LAI, age 27 (female) of China
  87. Wai Fong LAU, age 87 of Christchurch
  88. Hsin Hung LEE, age 32 (female) of Taiwan
  89. Normand LEE, age 25 of Christchurch
  90. Jin-Yan LENG, age 30 (female), of China
  91. Ofer LEVY, age 22 of Israel
  92. De LI, age 18 (male) of China
  93. Wanju LI, age 44 (female) of China
  94. Xia LI (female), age 42 of China
  95. Phimphorn LIANGCHUEA (female), age 41 of Thailand
  96. Adrienne Isobel LINDSAY, age 54 of Christchurch
  97. Haruthaya LUANGSURAPEESAKUL, age 32 of Thailand
  98. Shawn LUCAS, age 40 (male) of Christchurch - Unidentified victims
  99. Scott William Emerson LUCY, age 38
  100. Catherine McNicol LUNNEY, age 62 of Christchurch
  101. Donna Merrie Manning( née Gardiner), 43
  102. Kelly Lynn Maynard (née Hlaca), 43
  103. Philip John McDONALD, age 57 of Ashburton
  104. Matthew Stuart McEACHEN, age 25
  105. Owen Thomas McKENNA, age 40 of Christchurch
  106. Teresa MCLEAN (nee ELMS) age 40 (female) a NZ Citizen from Great Britain, resident in Kaiapoi
  107. Heather Marilyn MEADOWS, age 66 (female) of Christchurch
  108. Ezra Mae Sabayton MEDALLE, age 24 (female) of Philippines
  109. Janet Dawn MELLER, age 58, of Christchurch
  110. Adrienne MEREDITH, age 36 of Christchurch
  111. Ofer Binyamin MIZRAHI, age 22 of Israel
  112. Kelsey Sinitta MOORE, age 18 of Christchurch
  113. Emi MURAKAMI, age 19 (female) of Japan
  114. Jillian Lesley MURPHY, age 48 of Christchurch
  115. Melissa Ann NEALE, age 41 of Wellington
  116. Erica Avir Reyes NORA, age 20 (female) of Phillipines
  117. Blair James O'CONNOR, age 34 of Christchurch
  118. John Joseph O'CONNOR, age 40 of Ireland
  119. Noriko OTSUBO, age 41 (female) of Japan
  120. Linda Rosemary PARKER, age 50 of Christchurch
  121. Joseph Tehau POHIO, age 40 of Christchurch
  122. Taneysha Gail Rose PRATTLEY, age 5 weeks of Christchurch
  123. Wanpen PREEKLANG, age 45 (female), of Thailand
  124. Jessie Lloyd REDOBLE, age 30 (male) of the Philippines
  125. Deborah Ann ROBERTS, age 39 of Christchurch
  126. Joseph Stuart ROUTLEDGE (known as Stuart), age 74 of Christchurch
  127. Lucy ROUTLEDGE, age 74 of Christchurch
  128. Saya SAKUDA, age 19 (female) of Japan
  129. Yoko SAKURAI, age 27 (female) of Japan
  130. Jeff Pelesa SANFT, age 32 of Christchurch
  131. Gillian SAYERS, age 43 of Christchurch (UK citizen)
  132. Susan Lyn SELWAY, age 50 (female) of Christchurch
  133. Emma SHAHARUDIN, age 35 of Lincoln, Christchurch
  134. Dr Allan Alexander SINCLAIR, age 45 of Christchurch
  135. Elizabeth SINCLAIR, age 76 (female), of Christchurch - The Chief Coroner has determined that an additional four deaths were directly associated with the 22 February earthquake.
  136. Christopher Patrick SMITH, age 48 of Selwyn
  137. Christine Patricia (Trish) STEPHENSON, age 61 of Christchurch
  138. Reta STEWART, age 81 (female) of Christchurch - The Chief Coroner has determined that an additional four deaths were directly associated with the 22 February earthquake.
  139. Beverley May STICK, age 71 of Christchurch
  140. Earl Nicholas STICK, age 78 of Christchurch
  141. Neil Glyn STOCKER, age 58
  142. Michael Stuart Coulter STYANT, age 41 of Christchurch
  143. Rhea Mae SUMALPONG, age 25 (female) of the Philipines - Unidentified victims
  144. Yoko SUZUKI, 31 (female), of Japan
  145. Te Taki (Wally) TAIRAKENA, age 60 of Christchurch
  146. Hiroko TAMANO, age 43 (female), from Japan
  147. Brian Warrington TAYLOR, age 66 (male) of Christchurch
  148. Isaac James THOMPSON, age 21, of Rangiora
  149. Desley Ann THOMSON, age 32 of Christchurch
  150. Lesley Jane THOMSON, age 55 of Christchurch
  151. Gregory James TOBIN, age 25 of the United Kingdom (visiting Christchurch)
  152. Shane Robert TOMLIN, age 42 of Christchurch
  153. Elsa TORRES DE FROOD, age 53 (female) of Peru (NZ resident) - Unidentified victims
  154. Asuka TSUCHIHASHI (female), age 28 of Japan
  155. Hui Yun TU (female), age 22 of China
  156. Yurika UCHIHIRA, age 19 (female) of Japan
  157. Amanda Jayne (Mandy) Uriao (née Walker), 38
  158. Valeri VOLNOV, age 41 (male) of Russia (NZ resident) - Unidentified victims
  159. Jittra WAITHAYATADAPONG (female), age 40 of Thailand
  160. Limin WANG, age 32 (female) of China
  161. Tao WANG, age 29 (female) of China
  162. Graham WEILD, age 77
  163. Joan Dorothy WEILD, age 76
  164. Lisa Patricia WILLEMS, age 43 of Christchurch
  165. Julie Kathryn WONG, age 37 of Christchurch (dual UK and NZ citizenship)
  166. Siriphan WONGBUNNGAM, age 27 of Thailand
  167. Murray John WOOD, age 56 of Christchurch
  168. Owen Morris WRIGHT, age 40 of Lyttelton
  169. Stephen Robert WRIGHT, age 46 of Christchurch
  170. Paul Khye Soon WU, age 60 of Christchurch (NZ citizen from Malaysia)
  171. Sisi XIN, age 28 (female) of China
  172. Linlin XU, age 26 (female) of China
  173. Xiujuan XU, age 47 (female), of China
  174. Ayako YAMAGUCHI, age 30 (female) of Japan
  175. Mina YAMATANI, age 19 (female) of Japan
  176. Didem YAMAN, age 31 (female) of Turkey
  177. Caiying YE, age 27 (female) of China
  178. Saki YOKOTA, age 19 (female) of Japan
  179. Gilhwan YU, age 23 of Korea
  180. Naon YU, age 21 (female) of South Korea
  181. Hui ZHANG (female), age 34 of China
  182. Weiyu ZHANG, age 30 (female) of China
  183. Di-Di ZHANG, age 23 (female), of China
  184. Yantao ZHONG, age 31 (female) of China
  185. Xioa-Li ZHOU, age 26 (female), of China