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Order of St Michael and St George

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  • Lieutenant General Sir Harold Bridgwood Walker KCB, KCMG, DSO (1862 - 1934)
    Lieutenant General Sir Harold Bridgwood Walker KCB, KCMG, DSO (26 April 1862 – 5 November 1934) was an English general who led Australian and New Zealand forces during the First World War. He was hig...
  • Air Chief Marshal Hugh Dowding, 1st Baron Dowding GCB, GCVO, CMG (1882 - 1970)
    Sir Hugh Dowding formed the new RAF Fighter Command C-in-C from July 1936 to its scuess during the Battle of Britain, May 1940. He famously wrote to Churchill in May 1940....... “if the Home de...
  • Sir Johannes Hendricus Brand, GCMG (1823 - 1888)
    Jan Hendrik Brand Born: 6-Dec-1823 Birthplace: Cape Town, South Africa Died: 14-Jul-1888 Location of death: Bloemfontein, South Africa Cause of death: unspecified Gender: Male Race or Ethnicity: Whit...
  • George William Lyttelton, 4th Lord Lyttelton, Baron of Frankley (c.1817 - 1876)
    George William Lyttelton, 4th Lord Lyttelton, Baron of Frankley was born on 31 March 1817 at London, England.1 He was the son of William Henry Lyttelton, 3rd Lord Lyttelton, Baron of Frankley and Lady ...
  • Brigadier Sir Richard Gambier-Parry, KCMG (1894 - 1965)
    Brigadier Sir Richard Gambier-Parry, KCMG (20 January 1894 – 19 June 1965) was a British military officer who served in both the army and the air force during World War I. He remained in military ser...

The Order of St. Michael and St. George

The Order of St Michael and St George is awarded to men and women of high office, or who render extraordinary or important non-military service in a foreign country.

It can also be conferred for important or loyal service in relation to foreign and Commonwealth affairs.

Instituted in 1818 by the Prince Regent (later George IV), the Order of St Michael and St George was intended to commemorate the placing of the Ionian Islands under British protection. Originally it was intended for distinguished citizens of the islands, and also of Malta.

At first, the Order was conferred upon those holding high position and commands in the Mediterranean. The islands there, acquired as a result of the Napoleonic Wars, were at that time very strategically placed and thus of importance to Britain.

Towards the end of the nineteenth century, due to the expansion of the British Empire, the Order was then extended to those who had given distinguished service in the Dominions and Colonies, as well as foreign affairs generally.

Today the Order consists of the Sovereign, a Grand Master (currently The Duke of Kent), and includes three classes: 125 Knights and Dames Grand Cross (GCMG), 375 Knights and Dames Commander (KCMG and DCMG), and 1750 Companions (CMG).

Members of the Royal Family may be appointed as Extra Knights and Dames Grand Cross. Foreigners can be appointed as honorary members.

The Order's motto is Auspicium melioris aevi ('Token of a better age'). The banners of arms of the Knights and Dames Grand Cross are hung in the Chapel of the Order, which is in St Paul's Cathedral.

Unique to this Order is the arrangement under which the enamelled metal plates of the complete armorial achievement of all three classes are placed in the seats of the Chapel.

The Star and Badge of the Order feature the cross of St George, the Order's motto, and a representation of the archangel St Michael holding in his right hand a flaming sword and trampling upon Satan.

The collar of the Order is composed alternately of the lions of England Royally crowned and of white enamelled Maltese crosses, and of the cyphers SM (St Michael) and SG (St George).

The centre of the collar consists of two winged lions each holding a book and seven arrows, surmounted by an imperial crown. The composition of the collar is therefore a reminder of the origins of the Order.

Motto

Auspicium Melioris Aevi (Token of a better age)

Chapel

A Chapel in St. Paul's Cathedral

Ranks and Post-Nominals

  • Knight/Dame Grand Cross (GCMG ~ français : même)
  • Knight/Dame Commander (KCMG/DCMG ~ français : même)
  • Companion (CMG ~ français : même)

Post-nominals:

GCMG, KCMG/DCMG, CMG

Founded:

1818

Sources