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Original Planters: Guilford, Connecticut, 1639

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  • John Hill, of Guilford (1623 - bef.1689)
    John Hill born around 1602 [1] / in 1623 in (perhaps) Northamptonshire, England died in Guilford, Connecticut on 8 June 1689 will proved on 17 June 1689 and inventory of estate taken 13 June 16...
  • Thomas Wright, Esq. (1610 - bef.1670)
    Thomas Wright , of Brook Hall or "The Moat House," South Weald, county Essex, England, was born at Brook Hall in Essex, England, son of John Wright & Grace Glascock, where he was baptized November 19, ...
  • John Jordan, of Guilford (1618 - 1650)
    John Jordan was born about 1618 in *UNKNOWN*. He died in Jan 1650 in Guilford, New Haven, Connecticut. According to the Great Migration Directory: John Jordan: Origins and parents are still Unk...
  • Abraham Cruttenden, II (1610 - 1681)
    Abraham Cruttenden was born in 1610 in Cranbrook, Kent, ENG and died in Jan 1682/83 in Guilford, New Haven Co., CT. [1] [2] [3] Parents: Abraham Cruttenden (abt 1584-abt 1620) and Elizabeth Roberts (...
  • Seth Sweetser (1606 - 1662)
    Seth Sweetser (son of James Sweetser and Joane Stowell)836, 837, 838, 839, 840, 840 was born 18 May 1606 in Tring, Hertfordshire, England840, 840, 841, 842, 842, and died 21 May 1662 in Charlestown, Ma...

The first settlers of Guilford, Connecticut came to America as passengers on the Saint John. The company of settlers on the Saint John was led by the Reverend Henry Whitfield, who had been the rector of St. Margaret's at Ockley in Surrey since 1616.

They sailed from England on 20 May 1639 under the command of a Captain Richard Russell, and arrived at New Haven (then Quinnipac), Connecticut, between the 10th and 15th of July 1639.

While still at sea the settlers organized a single communal plantation; this was outlined in a document now known as the Plantation Covenant. It was signed by twenty five men.

Guilford, CT Plantation Covenant

We whose names are herein written, intending by God's gracious permission, to plant ourselves in New England, and if it may be in the southerly part, about Quinpisac [Quinnipiac, later named New Haven], we do faithfully promise each for ourselves and families and those that belong to us, that we will, the Lord assisting us, sit down and join ourselves together in one entire plantation and to be helpful to the other in any common work, according to every man's ability and as need shall require, and we promise not to desert or leave each other on the plantation but with the consent of the rest, or the greater part of the company, who have entered into this engagement.

As for our gathering together into a church way and the choice officers and members to be joined together in that way, we do refer ourselves until such time as it shall please God to settle us in our plantation.

In witness whereof we subscribe our hands, this first day of June 1639.

  1. Robert Bickell/Richell
  2. Abraham Crittenden
  3. John Housingsoe
  4. John Mepham
  5. Wm. Plane
  6. John Bishop
  7. Wm. Crittenden
  8. Thomas Joanes
  9. Thomas Naish
  10. John Stone
  11. Francis Bushnell
  12. Henry Doude
  13. John Jurden
  14. William Noble
  15. Wm. Stone
  16. Francis Chatfield
  17. William Dudley
  18. Henry Kingstone
  19. John Norton
  20. Richd. Sutridge
  21. Thomas Cooke
  22. John Hoadley
  23. Wm. Leete
  24. John Parmarly
  25. Rev. Henry Whitfield

The names of the Guilford settlers that came to New Haven in the second ship in July, 1639, are believed to be as follows:

  1. Francis Austin
  2. George Bartlett
  3. Edward Benton
  4. Samuel Blachley
  5. William Boreman
  6. Richard Bristow
  7. Alexander Chalker
  8. John Caffinch, rem. to N.H.
  9. Samuel Desborough
  10. Thomas Dunk
  11. Thomas French
  12. George Highland
  13. John Johnson
  14. John Linsley
  15. Thomas Mills
  16. Thomas Reif
  17. John Scranton
  18. John Sheader or Sheather
  19. Jacob Sheafe
  20. William Somers
  21. John Stevens
  22. Edward Seward
  23. Jasper Stillwell
  24. Benjamin Wright



  • HISTORY of THE COLONY OF NEW HAVEN To its absorption into CONNECTICUT by Edward E. Atwater with Supplementary History and Personnel of the Towns of Branford, Guilford, Milford, Stratford, Norwalk, Southold, etc. compiled by Robert Atwater Smith assisted by Bessie E. Beach and Lucy M. Hewitt Meriden, Conn. The Journal Publishing Company, 1902