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Pioneers of Old Hopewell, New Jersey

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  • Dr. Roger Parke (1648 - 1731)
    "Doctor" Roger Parke, Sr. (1648 – 1738) was the first white settler in Hopewell, New Jersey. Roger Parke (also known as Roger Parks) was born 25 June 1648 in Hexham, Cartmel Parish, Northumberland,...
  • Jonathan Stout (1660 - bef.1723)
    Jonathan Stout Birth: 1660 - Gravesend, Kings County, New York Death: Feb., 1723 - Hunterdon County, New Jersey The first white man in Hopewell was Jonathan Stout, who in 1685 explored the wi...
  • Colonel Joab Houghton, Sr (1725 - 1798)
    Joab Houghton ( DAR Ancestor # A057365 ) was born July 10, 1725 in Hopewell, New Jersey. He was the son of Thomas Houghton and wife Maria Mershon. He married Catherine Runyan about 1748. Catherine was ...
  • John Hart, Signer of the "Declaration of Independence" (c.1713 - 1779)
    John Hart (born between 1706 and 1713 – May 11, 1779) was a public official and politician in colonial New Jersey who served as a delegate to the Continental Congress and also signed Declaration of Ind...
  • Rev. John Gano (1727 - 1804)
    DAR Ancestor #: A043534 John Gano (Hopewell Township, New Jersey on July 22, 1727 - August 10, 1804) was a Baptist minister and Revolutionary War chaplain who allegedly baptized his friend, General...

Please add your pioneer and notable ancestors of Hopewell to this project. Collaborators, feel free to update the page, add resources, documents, images ...

origins

Hopewell’s first inhabitants were Lenapes, an Algonquin tribe who welcomed Europeans because they needed protection from other Indians. Their Hopewell villages were Wissamonson [Woodbridge] and Minnepenasson [Stoutsburg].  New Jersey’s first Europeans were Swedes and Dutch from New York and Pennsylvania.

In 1664, the British seized New Jersey, but, to avoid the expense of Indian wars, decreed that land be purchased before settlement, buying West Jersey for wampum, trinkets, a few bolts of cloth and two kettles. The Lenapes lived among  Europeans on Stony Brook from the 1680′s to 1725, then moved west, declaring: “Not a drop of our blood have you shed in battle—not an acre of our land have you taken without our consent.”

The first white man in Hopewell was said to be Jonathan Stout, who in 1685 explored the wilderness from his parent’s home in Middletown, lived several years at Wissamonson with the Indians, then returned home.

On December 4, 1689, Hopewell was surveyed for Dr. Daniel Coxe who bought it estimated as ”28,000 acres of wilderness inhabited by wild beasts and Indians.” The West Jersey Society distributed fliers on the north-east seaboard advertising “Fertile Land for Sale Cheap,” offering to residents in New England and in older New Jersey communities cheap land “lying above ye ffals of ye Delaware” (Hopewell) with inducements to buy farms by cash or mortgages.

The February 1699 Burlington County Court received a “Petition of some inhabitants above the ffalls for a new township to be called Hopewell, as also a new road and boundaries of Said town…”

notables

Notable current and former residents of Hopewell include:

  • John Hart (c. 1711-1779), signer of the United States Declaration of Independence.
  • Joab Houghton (1725-1798), is supposed to have said "Men of New Jersey, the red coats are murdering our brethren of New England !"..."Who follows me to Boston?" The response: every man of that audience stepped out into line, and answered, "I!"
  • Rev. John Gano, (1727–1804), Baptist minister who is said to have baptized George Washington.
  • James W. Marshall (1810–1885), sawmill operator, whose 1848 discovery of gold in the American River in California set the stage for the California Gold Rush.
  • Charles Lindbergh, (1902-1974), aviator and Anne Morrow Lindbergh (1906-2001), writer, were living in Amwell, just outside Hopewell, when their baby was kidnapped on March 1, 1932.

resources

  1. Hopewell Township, Mercer County, New Jersey
  2. Hopewell, New Jersey
  3. Pioneers of Old Hopewell: With Sketches of Her Revolutionary Heroes. by Ralph Ege. Race & Savidge, 1908 - Hopewell (N.J.) - 289 pages.
  4. Miner Descent: Roger Parkes, Sr.
  5. Origins of the Jersey Settlement of Rowan County, North Carolina: First Families of Jersey Settlement By Ethel Stroupe
  6. Hopewell (N.J.) -- Genealogy
  7. Hopewell Museum
  8. Hopewell Valley Historical Society
  9. GOODSPEED HISTORIES - West New Jersey History and Genealogy
  10. Hopewell Township - A Brief History