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Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth - Noble's democracy in Europe

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  • Augustus II the Strong, King of Poland (1670 - 1733)
    Knight in the Order of the Golden Fleece*August der Starke/August the Strong*August Mocny==Links:==* The Peerage * Geneall * Wikipedia * Elector of Saxony: Reign 27 April 1694 – 1 February 1733> Predec...
  • PMD Benediktas Daugirdas (c.1650 - d.)
    w 1697 r. Benedykt Dowgird - elektor Augusta II od województwa Wileńskiego, Lowczy Starodubowski.
  • Krzysztof Baldwin Ossoliński h. Topór, Jr. (c.1620 - 1650)
    GEDCOM Note ===2-й муж.Староста стопницкий.
  • Jan Karol Kopeć (1620 - 1680)
    Adam Boniecki, Herbarz Polski, t. XI., s. 116. Jan Karol, dworzanin pokojowy krolewski, student w Padwie 1641 r., posel wojewodztwa brzeskiego, podpisal elekcje Jana Kazimierza . W 1652 r. starosta b...

This "umbrella" project is dedicated to collecting facts on the democratic model of Lithuania and Poland, electoral events, and the voters - participants in these events.

Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was a Republic (Latin: Respublica, Polish: Rzeczpospolita), one of the largest states in Europe. It was a political system characterized by strict checks upon monarchical power. These checks were enacted by a legislature (Sejm - Council of Lords) controlled by the nobility (bajorai - szlachta). Established in 1569, this idiosyncratic system was a precursor to modern concepts of democracy and, later, as of 1791, constitutional monarchy, and federation. This model of democracy influenced democratic evolution in other places of the world.

Rulers of Grand Duchy of Lithuania and Kingdom of Poland, elected or appointed by the Council of Lords in the years between 1377-1569:

List of projects, separated by historic electoral events:

  1. 1573 elected king and GDL Henry III of France;
  2. 1574 elected king and GDL Stephen Báthory;
  3. 1587 elected king and GDL Sigismund III Vasa;
  4. 1632 elected king and GDL Vladislaus IV Vasa;
  5. 1648 elected king and GDL John II Casimir Vasa;
  6. 1668 elected king and GDL Michael Korybut Wisniowiecki;
  7. 1674 elected king and GDL John III Sobieski;
  8. 1696 elected king and GDL August II the Strong;
  9. 1733 elected king and GDL Stanislaus I Leszczynski;
  10. 1733 elected king and GDL Augustus III of Poland;
  11. 1764 elected king and GDL Stanislaus Augustus Poniatowski.

If you have persons in your family tree who were voters (participants) of the above-listed elections, please add them to those separate projects that apply and not to this umbrella project.

District elections: