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  • Zalman Edelstein (1836 - 1909)
    Зельман (Соломон) Эдельштейн (1836-1909) жил в местечке Каховка (Днепровский уезд Таврической губернии); был женат на Двойре Халецкой (1842-1919), происходившей из богатой каховской семьи. Зельман ар...
  • "HaGaon HaGadol" Rabbi Uri Lipman Fraenkel (c.1620 - c.1672)
    Said to be "from a family who moved to Sulzbach from Prague and Vienna" and being "a descendent of Koppel Levi of Vienna" see Charles P Stanton Family Collection reel04: ---------------------------...
  • Václav "James" Větrovec (1861 - 1926)
    Vaclav, otherwise known as James Vetrovec was born in Bohemia in 1961. He came to America in 1887 and settled in Chicago where he married Philomena Rezac in 1893 and had a child, Jaraslar "Jerry" Vetro...
  • Håkon Børstad (1580 - d.)
  • Nils Nilsson Vike (1648 - 1700)
    Nils Nilsson på Indre Vike, Vikebukt.

Y-haplogroup Q


Mapping Q lines - to join, add the earliest known direct paternal ancestor only for the testd line.


For the DNA propagated Q-M242 group, visit


Haplogroup Q is one of the two branches of haplogroup P (M45). Haplogroup Q is believed to have arisen in Central Asia approximately 15,000 to 20,000 years ago. It has had multiple origins proposed. Much of the conflict may be attributed to limited sample sizes and early definitions that used a combination of M242, P36.2, and MEH2 as defining mutations.

This haplogroup has many diverse haplotypes despite its low frequency among most populations outside of the Americas. There also are over a dozen subclades that have been sampled and identified in modern populations.


Q is found predominantly in Central Siberia, Central Asia and among Native Americans. In the latter case it is the specific subclade Q1a3a1.

One hypothesis is that Q came to Europe with the Huns in the 5th century. The Huns are thought to have originated from Central Siberia, where haplogroup Q is still common nowadays. Q is found in 2% of the people in Hungary and up to 5% in isolated pockets in the mountains of Slovakia, just north of Hungary. It is historically attested that Hungary was were most of the Hunnic invaders finally settled after wreaking havoc around Europe. The Nordic and Baltic states have the second highest frequency of Q in Europe. Based on the Hunnic hypothesis, it is possible that a group of Huns settled in Sweden and/or Norway along with their allies, the Goths. The Romans reported that the Huns consisted of a small ruling elite and their armies comprised mostly of Germanic warriors. An alternative scenario is that Nordic and Baltic Q came through the Uralic-speaking population of Siberia via Finland and Lappland, but this is unlikely because Q is not more common in Finland and does not correlate with the densities of the Uralic haplogroup N1c1.

Other Central Asian or Siberian migrations might have brought Q to Ukraine in the late Antiquity or Medieval period. For instance, the multi-ethnic Central Asian troops of Genghis Khan could very well have carried some haplogroup Q (along with C, G, O and R1a) to Eastern Europe, but not to Central Europe or Scandinavia.



  • Q (M242)
    • Q1 (P36.2, L232, L273, L274)
      • Q1a (MEH2, L472)
        • Q1a1 (F1096, F1215)
          • Q1a1a (F746, NWT01)
            • Q1a1a1 (M120, M265/N14)
          • Q1a1b (M25, M143)
            • Q1a1b1 (L712)
            • Q1a1b1a (L713, L715)
        • Q1a2 (L56, L57, M346, L528)
          • Q1a2a (L53/S326, L55, L213, L331, L475, L476, FGC6807)
            • Q1a2a1 (L54)
              • Q1a2a1a (CTS11969, M930)
                • Q1a2a1a1 (M3)
                  • Q1a2a1a1a (M19)
                  • Q1a2a1a1b (M194)
                  • Q1a2a1a1c (M199, P106, P292)
                  • Q1a2a1a1d (L663)
                  • Q1a2a1a1e (SA01)
                  • Q1a2a1a1f (L766)
                • Q1a2a1a2 (L804, L805)
                  • Q1a2a1a2a (L807)
              • Q1a2a1b (CTS1780, M981, M971, Z780)
                • Q1a2a1b1 (L191)
                • Q1a2a1b2 (L569, L570, L571)
              • Q1a2a1c (L330, L334)
                • Q1a2a1c1 (L329, L332, L333)
          • Q1a2b (F835, L940, FGC6807)
            • Q1a2b1 (L527, L529.1, L639)
            • Q1a2b2 (L933, L938, L941, (Q-F1161 F1161))
              • Q1a2b2a (L205, L939)
              • Q1a2b2b (F850/L941, L938, CTS9055)
                • Q1a2b1b1 (BZ1462)
          • Q1a2c (M323.1)
    • Q1b (L275, L314)
      • Q1b1 (M378, L214, L215)
        • Q1b1a (FGC1774, Y2016)

Sources and Resources

Informasjon på norsk

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