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This project is for people who have tested and been assigned the paternal haplogroup R-U106 (Y-DNA) and also for people who are believed to have been this paternal haplogroup based on tests done on descendants.

The current naming convention is to use the terminal SNP, so R1b, U106* Also known as R1b1b2a1a (S21+), previously known as R1b1b2a

From The R1b1b2a1 (S21+) is a prominent R1b subclade and is likely the major subclade in resolving identity after the R1b1b2 (M269+) subclade.

Defining Mutations

from the ISOGG R chart

• • • • R1b1a P297/PF6398, L320

• • • • • R1b1a* -

• • • • • R1b1a1 M73, M478

• • • • • R1b1a2 CTS8728/L1063/PF6480/S13, L265/PF6431, M269, M520/PF6410, PF6475/S17/YSC0000269, PF6485/S3, PF6399/S10

• • • • • • R1b1a2* -

• • • • • • R1b1a2a L23/PF6534/S141, L49.1/S349, L150.1/PF6274.1/S351.1

• • • • • • • R1b1a2a* -

• • • • • • • R1b1a2a1 L51/M412/PF6536/S167

• • • • • • • • R1b1a2a1* -

• • • • • • • • R1b1a2a1a L11/PF6539/S127, L52/PF6541, L151/PF6542, P310/PF6546/S129, P311/PF6545/S128

• • • • • • • • • R1b1a2a1a* -

• • • • • • • • • R1b1a2a1a1 M405/S21/U106

From "R1b1b2a1a (S21+), previously known as R1b1b2a Unusually short DYS458 alleles (DYS458.2) are associated with R1b1b2a1 (S21, aka M405). Cases of this allele have so far been detected in Ireland, England, Germany, the Netherlands and the U.S. (1-5%) and this appears to a unique west European marker. The DYS458.2 allele also occurs independently in the Y-chromosome J1 subclade. "

Also see For subclades


R-U106 is a patrilineal descended family that descends from an ancestral R-L151 group located among or near the Yamnaya culture, north of the Black Sea. The group rose to significance in the area of present Germany and the surrounding areas aboout 3000 bce before modern " Germanic" and such designations could really be used.

Depending on which branch of U106 a member descends from, the people on that branch adapted to a variety of different cultures along the way, including various derivatives of Slavic, Latin, Celtic, Belgae, Saxon, Viking, and other cultural groups. Even Germanic groups had various different haplogroups
Also called Proto- Celtic


"....frequency is highest in the Dutch (35%) and it is also rather high in England, Germany, Austria, Denmark, Czech Republic and Switzerland (13-23%). This region overlaps origins of Germanic groups, such as the Anglo-Saxons in Frisia ( who also have I 2 , I1 , R1 and G2 haplogroups )
Comment?It does not appear to have extended its reach beyond West and Central Europe (except recent migration to the USA)" ?
Not correct as found in Norway , Poland Spain, Russia , Sicilia, Ukraine and Turkey before 1000 ade

e.g. My own R-U106 3000 yr separate from those in Frisia , match R-U106 in Norway yet closer to those on the Black Sea - Phillipp

This map is for S21 just upstream from s21+ Also in this article with the R-U106 subclasses shown

Subclades of R

Famous Members

Update October 9, 2013: Using DNA samples from three living members of the House of Bourbon, a new study shows the family belonged to R-Z381* (a subgroup of R-106), not G2a. See Dienekes Anthropology Blog, House of Bourbon belonged to Y-haplogroup R1b1b2a1a1b* (R-Z381*), Oct. 9, 2013.

How to Participate

To participate in this project, join or follow the project, then add your oldest known ancestor who belonged to this haplogroup. The profile must be public in order to add it.


See also the other U106 project.