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The Battle of Atlanta, July 22, 1864

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  • Private (1839 - 1864)
  • Pvt. Asel Horton, (USA) (1838 - 1883)
    Civil War Soldier Pvt. Asahel Horton /Asel Horton 136th New York Infantry Adjutant General: Horton, Asahel--Age, 25 years. Enlisted, August 28, 1862, at Leicester, to serve three years; mustered in as...
  • David Stapp, (USA) (1848 - d.)
    Residence 1850: Campbell, Georgia Residence 1860: Talladega, Alabama Residence 1870: Sunflower, Mississippi Military Service: 1860-1865 Civil War 1st Brigade 2nd Division 15th Army Corps Army ...
  • Pvt. Wilson W. Stapp, (CSA) (1827 - d.)
    Residence 1850: Coosa, Alabama Residence 1860: Talladega, Alabama Residence 1866: Perry, Alabama Residence 1870: Lawrence, Alabama Military Service: August 3, 1861- May 12, 1865 Alpine, Tallad...
  • Pvt. John D. "J.D." Whitten, (CSA) (1836 - 1894)
    Military • United States Civil War Soldiers Index, 1861-1865 Name J. D. Whitten Military Beginning Rank Private Military Final Rank Private Military Side Confederate Military Unit Granbury's Consolidat...

The Battle of Atlanta was a battle of the Atlanta Campaign fought during the American Civil War on July 22, 1864, just southeast of Atlanta, Georgia. Continuing their summer campaign to seize the important rail and supply hub of Atlanta, Union forces commanded by William Tecumseh Sherman overwhelmed and defeated Confederate forces defending the city under John Bell Hood. Union Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson was killed during the battle, the second-highest-ranking Union officer killed in action during the war. Despite the implication of finality in its name, the battle occurred midway through the campaign, and the city did not fall until September 2, 1864, after a Union siege and various attempts to seize railroads and supply lines leading to Atlanta. After taking the city, Sherman's troops headed south-southeastward toward Milledgeville, the state capital, and on to Savannah with the March to the Sea.

The fall of Atlanta was especially noteworthy for its political ramifications. In the 1864 election, former Union general George B. McClellan, a Democrat, ran against President Lincoln, on a peace platform calling for an armistice with the Confederacy. The capture of Atlanta and Hood's burning of military facilities as he evacuated were extensively covered by Northern newspapers, significantly boosting Northern morale, and Lincoln was re-elected by a significant margin.

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