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U S Civil War Musician (rank)

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  • Source: https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/11051812/samuel-bashore
    Sgt. Samuel Bashore (1839 - 1918)
    The son of John & Jane (Heffinger) Bashore, in 1860 he was a blacksmith presumably living in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania. He stood 5' 8" tall and had dark hair and dark eyes. He married Mary McNeal, d...
  • Source: https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/54441380/john-catlin
    John Catlin, (USA) (1834 - 1865)
    Catlin, John BATTLE UNIT NAME: 5th Regiment, New York Cavalry SIDE: Union COMPANY: A SOLDIER'S RANK IN: Bugler SOLDIER'S RANK OUT: Bugler ALTERNATE NAME: FILM NUMBER: M551 ROLL 23 PLAQUE NUMBER: NOTES:...
  • Pvt Albert E Nichols, (USA) (1841 - 1923)
    Drummer. Served in Co. B, 113th IL Vol. Infantry.Spouse- Patience Denny* Reference: Find A Grave Memorial - SmartCopy : Dec 25 2021, 18:23:24 UTC
  • Pvt John Heffelfinger, (USA) (1843 - 1910)
    CIVIL WAR VETERAN. MUSICIAN WITH CO C 149TH PA INFANTRY AUGUST 1862 TO JUNE 1865.* Reference: Find A Grave Memorial - SmartCopy : Dec 18 2021, 20:04:59 UTC
  • William Mitchell, (USA) (1839 - 1923)
    St Charles Daily Cosmos Monitor December 10, 1923 Page 1 William Mitchell formerly of Elsberry died at St. Joseph's hospital Saturday night, December 8th, at 9 o'clock at the age of 81 years, two month...

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Musician_(rank)

United States

The rank of Musician was a position held by military band members, particularly during the American Civil War. The rank was just below Corporal, and just above Private. In some units it was more or less equal to the rank of Private.

During the American Civil War, military leaders with the Union and Confederate Armies relied on military musicians to entertain troops, position troops in battle, and stir them on to victory — some actually performing concerts in forward positions during the fighting.

There were two types of historical traditions in military bands. The first was military field music. This type of music included bugles, bagpipes, or fifes and almost always drums. This type of music was used to control troops on the battlefield as well as for entertainment. One example of controlling the troops was the drum beats setting the march cadence for the troops. Following the development of instruments such as the keyed trumpet or the saxhorn family of brass instruments, a second tradition of the all brass military band was formed.

During the American Civil War most Union regiments had both types of groups within the unit.

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Several U.S. Army Musicians were awarded the Medal of Honor during the Civil War. These recipients include:

William J. Carson (Musician)

John Cook (Bugler)

Richard Enderlin (Musician)

Benjamin F. Hilliker (Musician)

William H. Horsfall (Drummer)

Orion P. Howe (Musician)

Willie Johnston (Musician)

John S. Kountz (Musician)

James P. Landis (Chief Bugler)

J. C. Julius Langbein (Musician)

William Lord (Musician)

William Magee (Drummer)

Robinson B. Murphy (Musician)

George H. Palmer (Musician)

John T. Patterson (Principal Musician )
Charles W. Reed (Bugler)

Ferdinand F. Rohm (Chief Bugler)

Charles Schorn (Chief Bugler)

Julian A. Scott (Drummer)

James Snedden (Musician)

Alason P. Webber (Musician)

Thomas M. Wells (Chief Bugler)