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  • Waŋblí Ohítika (1939 - 2012)
    Russell Charles Means (November 10, 1939 – October 22, 2012) was an Oglala Lakota activist for the rights of Native Americans, libertarian political activist, actor, musician and writer. He became a pr...
  • Walter E. Williams (1936 - 2020)
    Walter Edward Williams was an American economist, commentator, and academic. He was the John M. Olin Distinguished Professor of Economics at George Mason University, as well as a syndicated columnist a...
  • Howard Stern
    Allan Stern (born January 12, 1954) is an American radio personality, television host, author, actor and photographer best known for his radio show which was nationally syndicated from 1986 to 2005. He...
  • John Malkovich
    John Gavin Malkovich was born in Christopher, Illinois, to Joe Anne (Choisser), who owned a local newspaper, and Daniel Leon Malkovich, a state conservation director. His paternal grandparents were Cro...
  • Robert Selden Duvall
    Robert Duvall is an American actor and filmmaker. With a career spanning eight decades, he is regarded as one of the greatest actors of all time. He is the recipient of an Academy Award, four Golden Gl...

Note: In the U.S., "libertarianism" can encompass everything from the far-left to the far-right. This project is not meant to be synonymous with the Libertarian Party, though it can certainly include that party's members.

In the United States, libertarianism is a political philosophy promoting individual liberty. According to common meanings of conservatism and liberalism in the United States, libertarianism has been described as conservative on economic issues (economic liberalism) and liberal on personal freedom (civil libertarianism), often associated with a foreign policy of non-interventionism.

Broadly, there are four principal traditions within libertarianism, namely:

  1. the libertarianism that developed in the mid-20th century out of the revival tradition of classical liberalism in the United States after liberalism associated with the New Deal;
  2. the libertarianism developed in the 1950s by anarcho-capitalist author Murray Rothbard, who based it on the anti-New Deal Old Right and 19th-century libertarianism and American individualist anarchists such as Benjamin Tucker and Lysander Spooner while rejecting the labor theory of value in favor of Austrian School economics and the subjective theory of value;
  3. the libertarianism developed in the 1970s by Robert Nozick and founded in American and European classical liberal traditions; and
  4. the libertarianism associated with the Libertarian Party, which was founded in 1971, including politicians such as David Nolan and Ron Paul. (Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 4.0)