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Veterinary Surgeons and Nurses

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Veterinary Surgeons and Nurses

Veterinary medicine is the branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease, disorder and injury in animals.

The first veterinary college was founded in Lyon, France in 1762 by Claude Bourgelat, who, after observing the devastation being caused by cattle plague to the French herds, devoted his time to seeking out a remedy. This resulted in his founding a veterinary college in Lyon in 1761, from which establishment he dispatched students to combat the disease.

The Odiham Agricultural Society was founded in 1783 in England to promote agriculture and industry. It played an important role in the foundation of the veterinary profession in Britain. A founding member, Thomas Burgess, began to take up the cause of animal welfare and campaign for the more humane treatment of sick animals.

The physician James Clark wrote a treatise entitled Prevention of Disease in which he argued for the professionalisation of the veterinary trade, and the establishment of veterinary colleges. This was finally achieved in 1790, through the campaigning of Granville Penn, who persuaded the Frenchman, Benoit Vial de St. Bel to accept the professorship of the newly established Veterinary College in London. The Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons was established by royal charter in 1844. In the late 19th century, notable contributions came from Sir John McFadyean, credited by many as having been the founder of modern Veterinary research.

In the United States, the first schools were established in the early 19th century in Boston, New York and Philadelphia. In 1879, Iowa Agricultural College became the first land grant college to establish a school of veterinary medicine.

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