Andre Gauch, SV/PROG (1659 - 1698) MP

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Nicknames: "Andre Gouws", "Andre Gauche", "Handris Gauch", "Andries Goos", "André Gausch", "Andre Goosche"
Birthplace: Le Pont-de-Montvert aux Sevens, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
Death: Died in Cape of Good Hope
Cause of death: Murdered
Occupation: Grofsmit, Blacksmith/Farmer, Blacksmith
Managed by: Zen Finlayson
Last Updated:

About Andre Gauch, SV/PROG

Andre GAUCH / GOUS van Languedoc, het as Franse Hugenoot in 1691 op die skip Spierdyk aangekom as wewenaar met een seun. Sy eerste huwelik was met Jacqueline DECRE in 1683. Hy was hoefsmid van 1692-1698, en landbouer en een van die min vlugtelinge wat nie in 1690 geldelike hulp nodig gehad het nie. Hy is op 19 Aug 1691 met Jeanne (Johanna) de KLERK, dogter van Pieter (Pierre) le Clercq en Sara Cochet, getroud. Johanna/Jannetje was die suster van Abraham de Klerk, hulle was van Straatskerk in Walcheren, hulle het op die Oosterland in 1688 uitgekom. Gous het een seun uit sy eerste huwelik gehad, en 4 kinders uit sy tweede:

1. Estienne (Steven) * Geneve 1684, x 6 Maart 1718 Catharina Bock (dv Christain Bock and Anna Groothenning van Bengale

2. Marie gedoop in Amsterdam, jonk oorlede

3. Pieter * 1693 x 4 Mei 1721 Johanna Oosthuizen, xx 25 Nov 1742 Aletta Vorster

4. Sara * 1695 x Christiaan Gobrecht

5. Jeanne ~ 25 Sep 1695

6. Andries * 1698 x 14 Mei 1719 Johanna Conterman

Gous word vermoor toe hulle jongste kind skaars 'n maand oud is, op 26 Februarie 1698 terwyl hy sy vee gaan inspekteer het. Johanna de Klerk trou toe met Pieter Bekker.

Verwysings:

De Villiers/Pama

Heese/Lombard

M Cairns The Secluded Valley: Tulbagh

Verwysingsmateriaal, Boksburg biblioteek

Verwysingsmateriaal, Springs LDS FHC biblioteek

Saamgestel deur:

Martina Louw (nee van Breda)

Kennethl@xtra.co.nz

AM van Rensburg


See also http://www.genealogy.com/genealogy/users/g/o/u/Johan-Gouws/index.html

The french Gauch surname has changed over the years to Gouws within South Africa and Namibia( South-West Africa). André Gauch was born in Le Pont-de-Montvert on the Tarnriver in Cévennes, Lanquedoc in France. He was a blacksmith and fled to Genève in Switzerland before Edict ofNantes was recalled on 22 October 1685. On 13 January 1683 in Céligne close to Genève André got married to Jacqueline Decre, a fellow refugee from Sauverney close to Gex in Bourgogne.

Their son Etienne was born in 1684 in Genève. The family moved to Amsterdam where a daughter, Marie ,was born is 1690. At the end of 1690 the family sailed for Cape Town, South Africa on board the Spierdijk. Jacqueline Decre and Marie Gauch probably died during this journey at sea, causing André Gauch to arrive at Cape Town as a widower with a five year old son. Four years after Jannetjie De Klerk arrived in Cape Town, this fifteen year old got married to André Gauch in Tafelvallei on 19 August 1691.

André Gauch received a farm at Drakenstein close to the present Simonsium. The name of the farm is not known since Gauch died before he received a title deed. Here he farmed and practiced his occupation as a blacksmith. Gauch was one on the very few Hugenote refugees that did not receive any financial aid or agricultural stock from the Kompanjie. The reason being that he only arrived in the Cape after the aid was dished out and not being part of the main group of French refugees. Reverend Pierre Simond personally lent money to Gauch in 1694.

From the archive information it seams that André Gauch had a precarious existence. According to the inventory of the estate the farm’s ground were not good enough to grow corn on. His blacksmith tools were old, one anvil was completely broken and the other one was in bad condition. He had three horses. One being an old lived out mare, the other one a young foal and the third a big stallion. He had one slave that was not paid for yet and owed f 300 to the Kompanjie as well as f1500 to Jean Legeret.

He also struggled to receive money from clients for blacksmith-work performed. On numerous occasions Gauch had to subpoena clients to appear infront of the Magistrate and Heemrade of Stellenbosch and Drakenstein and even then he did not receive his money.

Here are a few examples:

On 25 August 1692 and again on 18 November 1692 did Gauch sue Pieter Jansz van Marseveen for f30 ?smee- fee; between 4 November 1694 and 10 October 1695 he had to sue Thomas Monkvier four times for 36 gulde; On 4 November 1694 he requests money from Daniël Nourtier; between 3 October 1695 and 21 November 1695 he sued Louis Corbon four times for 8 gulde labourfee; and between 3 October 1695 and 10 October 1695 he sued Jean Le Longh twice for 31 gulde 14?stuiwers? regarding labourfee.

André Gauch made use of servants to help him with his Blacksmith work. On 4 January 1694 he signed a contract with Frans Franken, a soldier in the service of the HOIK. According to the contract Franken would be employed for one year as a servant in the blacksmithshop, at 12 gulde per month with decent accommodation, food and drink. This contract was renewed for an additional year.

On 16 january 1698 he signed a contract with Jan Baltusz van Miert, a soldier in the service of the HOIK for six moths. He is to help Gauch in the blacksmithshop for 13 gulde and one bag of tobacco per month. This contract was extended on 15 April 1698. Guillaume du Toit (Jannetjie de Klerk’s step-father) sighed on behalf of Gauch.

A short time before Gauch’s death he purchased a slave called Claas.

Seven year after his arrival in Cape Town and after a marriage of seven year André Gauch mysteriously died on 26 February 1698 at the age of 39. Jannetjie was now left with a stepson of 13 years old and her own four children of which the youngest was only one month old.

Jannetjie de Klerk declared on 31 March 169


--------------------

Sy eerste twee kinders is in Europa gebore. Hy verhuis oor Basel na Amsterdam, word daar lidmaat van die Waalse kerk op 28.5.1690, vertrek in 1691 op die Spierdijk na die Kaap.

LW! Andre Gauch en Jacqueline du Cret word op die 16de April 1690 lidmate van die Waals Hervormde Gemeente Amsterdam : Avril le 16. Andre Gauche et sa femme Jaqueline ducret. "Netherlands, Noord-Holland Province, Church Records, 1553 - 1909." Images. FamilySearch. https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-31159-20392-74?cc=2037985&wc=M994-7LQ:n1309713029 : Last accessed 2013/3/9.

Volgens SAG 2 is sy dogter Marie Gauch en sy vrou Jacqueline Decre in Europa oorlede.

Hy is oorlede in Aug 1698 in die Kaap, vermoedelik vermoor deur Peter Becker

Kinders:

Ettienne Gauch b: 1684 in Celigny
Maria Gauch (Marie) 

http://www.mypeoplepuzzle.co.za/cornel_viljoen_research/3843.htm

Marriage (1): Jacqueline DECRE on 13 Jan 1683 in Celigny, Geneve, Switzerland

Marriage (2): Jeanne DE CLERQ on 19 Aug 1691 in Cape Town, Cape Province

Died: Aug 1698, Cape Colony

Andries Gous b: 1698

Andre Gauch (Gous/Gouws) trou met Jeanne de Clerq, voorvader uit Lessing-kant

--------------------

On 19 August 1691, the name of André Gauch was written in the record as Andre Goosche. André Gauch was born in Le Pont-de-Montvert on the Tarnriver in Cévennes, Lanquedoc in France. He was a blacksmith from occupation and fled to Genève in Switzerland before Edik from Nantes was recalled on 22 October 1685. On 13 January 1683 in Céligne close to Genève André got married to Jacqueline Decre, a fellow refugee from Sauverney close to Gex in Bourgogne. Tussen 1583 en 1712 is daar nie melding van Gosse of Gose in die Franse rekords nie: die familie het blykbaar uitgewyk om die steeds toenemende vervolging van Protestante te vermy. Hulle het in drie hoofgroepe gevlug: na Duitsland, waar die spelling "Gause" geword het; na Switserland: "Gauch" en na Skotland, waar die naam na "Goss" verander het. 'n Groot deel van die Skotse groep het verder gegaan na die Britse kolonies in Amerika, omdat Skotland ook Katoliek was. Sy familie het waarskynlik na Switserland gevlug, want hy het in 1683 getrou met Jacqueline Decré, en 'n jaar later is hulle oudste kind, Estienne, in Geneve gebore. Hulle het ook 'n dogtertjie, Marie, gehad. Sy is in Amsterdam gedoop, maar is jonk dood. Andrè en sy gesin het dus van Switserland via Holland na die Kaap gekom. Die Huguenoteskip "Spierdijk" het in 1691 in Tafelbaai aangekom. Die passasierslys toon aan: " Andrè Gauch, grofsmid " sy vrou Jacqueline Decré " hulle seun Estienne (7) Jacqueline word nie weer vermeld nie - moontlik is sy op die reis oorlede, want by sy aankoms word Andrè aangeteken as wewenaar met een seun. Hy was in elk geval 'n wewenaar toe hy in Augustus van dieselfde jaar getroud is met Jeanne le Clerq (Johanna de Klerk), dogter van Pierre le Clerq en Sara Cochet. Andrè Gauch en Johanna de Klerk het vier kinders gehad: " Pieter, Sara, Jeanne en Andries. Die twee seuns, die eerste geslag aan die Kaap gebore, se name is reeds verHollands, en die van word ook in die Drakensteinse dooprekords as Gouws, of soms Gous, gespel. Skoonpa Conterman was opvlieënd en is in 1707 aangekla van aanranding: hy het 'n skaapwagter, Hartwig Alsleben, met die vuis bygekom omdat dié nie die respek getoon het om sy hoed af te haal toe Oubaas Conterman verbystap nie. Op 26 Februarie 1698, toe die jongste kind, Andries, skaars 'n maand oud was, word Andrè Gouws vermoor terwyl hy sy vee gaan inspekteer het.

His family most probably fled to Switzerland where he married Jacqueline Decré. Their first child, Estienne was born in Genève. the second child Marie was baptized in Amsterdam, but died young. BIOGRAPHY: He arrived with his son as a French Huguenot in South Africa in 1691, on the ship Spierdijk. His wife died on the ship to South Africa. He was a blacksmith from 1692-1698 as well as a farmer. BIOGRAPHY: He was murdered while inspecting his cattle and based on rumors the murderer was his wife’s lover, Pieter Bekker, who married her soon after André was murdered. The accusation was never proofed.

view all 13

Andre Gauch, SV/PROG's Timeline

1659
1659
Le Pont-de-Montvert aux Sevens, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
1683
January 13, 1683
Age 24
Celigny, Geneva
1684
1684
Age 25
Céligny, Canton of Geneva, Switzerland
1690
April 16, 1690
Age 31
Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands
May 1690
Age 31
Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Nederland
November 15, 1690
- November 15, 1690
Age 31
Texel, Noord-Holland, Nederland

The Spierdijk departs from Texel on a journey to Batavia via The Cape of Good Hope.

http://www.vocsite.nl/schepen/detail.html?id=10982
http://www.historici.nl/Onderzoek/Projecten/DAS/detailVoyage/92666

1691
April 5, 1691
- April 5, 1691
Age 32
Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa

The Spierdijk remained in The Cape of Good Hope until the 20th Apr 1691 before continuing its journey to Batavia.

http://vocopvarenden.nationaalarchief.nl/detail.aspx?ID=1568825
http://www.historici.nl/Onderzoek/Projecten/DAS/detailVoyage/92666

August 19, 1691
Age 32
Cape Town, South Africa
1693
1693
Age 34
Paarl, Brede River DC, Western Cape, South Africa
1694
1694
Age 35