André Gauch, SV/PROG
|Also Known As:||"Andre Gouws", "Andre Gauche", "Handris Gauch", "Andries Goos", "André Gausch", "Andre Goosche"|
|Birthplace:||Le Pont-de-Montvert aux Sevens, Languedoc-Roussillon, France|
|Death:||Died in Cape of Good Hope|
|Cause of death:||Murdered|
|Occupation:||Grofsmit, Blacksmith/Farmer, Blacksmith|
|Managed by:||Zen Finlayson|
About André Gauch, SV/PROG
Andre GAUCH / GOUS van Languedoc, het as Franse Hugenoot in 1691 op die skip Spierdyk aangekom as wewenaar met een seun. Sy eerste huwelik was met Jacqueline DECRE in 1683. Hy was hoefsmid van 1692-1698, en landbouer en een van die min vlugtelinge wat nie in 1690 geldelike hulp nodig gehad het nie. Hy is op 19 Aug 1691 met Jeanne (Johanna) de KLERK, dogter van Pieter (Pierre) le Clercq en Sara Cochet, getroud. Johanna/Jannetje was die suster van Abraham de Klerk, hulle was van Straatskerk in Walcheren, hulle het op die Oosterland in 1688 uitgekom. Gous het een seun uit sy eerste huwelik gehad, en 4 kinders uit sy tweede:
1. Estienne (Steven) * Geneve 1684, x 6 Maart 1718 Catharina Bock (dv Christain Bock and Anna Groothenning van Bengale
2. Marie gedoop in Amsterdam, jonk oorlede
3. Pieter * 1693 x 4 Mei 1721 Johanna Oosthuizen, xx 25 Nov 1742 Aletta Vorster
4. Sara * 1695 x Christiaan Gobrecht
5. Jeanne ~ 25 Sep 1695
6. Andries * 1698 x 14 Mei 1719 Johanna Conterman
Gous word vermoor toe hulle jongste kind skaars 'n maand oud is, op 26 Februarie 1698 terwyl hy sy vee gaan inspekteer het. Johanna de Klerk trou toe met Pieter Bekker.
M Cairns The Secluded Valley: Tulbagh
Verwysingsmateriaal, Boksburg biblioteek
Verwysingsmateriaal, Springs LDS FHC biblioteek
Martina Louw (nee van Breda)
AM van Rensburg
The french Gauch surname has changed over the years to Gouws within South Africa and Namibia( South-West Africa). André Gauch was born in Le Pont-de-Montvert on the Tarnriver in Cévennes, Lanquedoc in France. He was a blacksmith and fled to Genève in Switzerland before Edict ofNantes was recalled on 22 October 1685. On 13 January 1683 in Céligne close to Genève André got married to Jacqueline Decre, a fellow refugee from Sauverney close to Gex in Bourgogne.
Their son Etienne was born in 1684 in Genève. The family moved to Amsterdam where a daughter, Marie ,was born is 1690. At the end of 1690 the family sailed for Cape Town, South Africa on board the Spierdijk. Jacqueline Decre and Marie Gauch probably died during this journey at sea, causing André Gauch to arrive at Cape Town as a widower with a five year old son. Four years after Jannetjie De Klerk arrived in Cape Town, this fifteen year old got married to André Gauch in Tafelvallei on 19 August 1691.
André Gauch received a farm at Drakenstein close to the present Simonsium. The name of the farm is not known since Gauch died before he received a title deed. Here he farmed and practiced his occupation as a blacksmith. Gauch was one on the very few Hugenote refugees that did not receive any financial aid or agricultural stock from the Kompanjie. The reason being that he only arrived in the Cape after the aid was dished out and not being part of the main group of French refugees. Reverend Pierre Simond personally lent money to Gauch in 1694.
From the archive information it seams that André Gauch had a precarious existence. According to the inventory of the estate the farm’s ground were not good enough to grow corn on. His blacksmith tools were old, one anvil was completely broken and the other one was in bad condition. He had three horses. One being an old lived out mare, the other one a young foal and the third a big stallion. He had one slave that was not paid for yet and owed f 300 to the Kompanjie as well as f1500 to Jean Legeret.
He also struggled to receive money from clients for blacksmith-work performed. On numerous occasions Gauch had to subpoena clients to appear infront of the Magistrate and Heemrade of Stellenbosch and Drakenstein and even then he did not receive his money.
Here are a few examples:
On 25 August 1692 and again on 18 November 1692 did Gauch sue Pieter Jansz van Marseveen for f30 ?smee- fee; between 4 November 1694 and 10 October 1695 he had to sue Thomas Monkvier four times for 36 gulde; On 4 November 1694 he requests money from Daniël Nourtier; between 3 October 1695 and 21 November 1695 he sued Louis Corbon four times for 8 gulde labourfee; and between 3 October 1695 and 10 October 1695 he sued Jean Le Longh twice for 31 gulde 14?stuiwers? regarding labourfee.
André Gauch made use of servants to help him with his Blacksmith work. On 4 January 1694 he signed a contract with Frans Franken, a soldier in the service of the HOIK. According to the contract Franken would be employed for one year as a servant in the blacksmithshop, at 12 gulde per month with decent accommodation, food and drink. This contract was renewed for an additional year.
On 16 january 1698 he signed a contract with Jan Baltusz van Miert, a soldier in the service of the HOIK for six moths. He is to help Gauch in the blacksmithshop for 13 gulde and one bag of tobacco per month. This contract was extended on 15 April 1698. Guillaume du Toit (Jannetjie de Klerk’s step-father) sighed on behalf of Gauch.
A short time before Gauch’s death he purchased a slave called Claas.
Seven year after his arrival in Cape Town and after a marriage of seven year André Gauch mysteriously died on 26 February 1698 at the age of 39. Jannetjie was now left with a stepson of 13 years old and her own four children of which the youngest was only one month old.
Jannetjie de Klerk declared on 31 March 169
Sy eerste twee kinders is in Europa gebore. Hy verhuis oor Basel na Amsterdam, word daar lidmaat van die Waalse kerk op 28.5.1690, vertrek in 1691 op die Spierdijk na die Kaap.
LW! Andre Gauch en Jacqueline du Cret word op die 16de April 1690 lidmate van die Waals Hervormde Gemeente Amsterdam : Avril le 16. Andre Gauche et sa femme Jaqueline ducret. "Netherlands, Noord-Holland Province, Church Records, 1553 - 1909." Images. FamilySearch. https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1971-31159-20392-74?cc=2037985&wc=M994-7LQ:n1309713029 : Last accessed 2013/3/9.
Volgens SAG 2 is sy dogter Marie Gauch en sy vrou Jacqueline Decre in Europa oorlede.
Hy is oorlede in Aug 1698 in die Kaap, vermoedelik vermoor deur Peter Becker
Ettienne Gauch b: 1684 in Celigny
Maria Gauch (Marie)
Marriage (1): Jacqueline DECRE on 13 Jan 1683 in Celigny, Geneve, Switzerland
Marriage (2): Jeanne DE CLERQ on 19 Aug 1691 in Cape Town, Cape Province
Died: Aug 1698, Cape Colony
Andries Gous b: 1698
Andre Gauch (Gous/Gouws) trou met Jeanne de Clerq, voorvader uit Lessing-kant
On 19 August 1691, the name of André Gauch was written in the record as Andre Goosche. André Gauch was born in Le Pont-de-Montvert on the Tarnriver in Cévennes, Lanquedoc in France. He was a blacksmith from occupation and fled to Genève in Switzerland before Edik from Nantes was recalled on 22 October 1685. On 13 January 1683 in Céligne close to Genève André got married to Jacqueline Decre, a fellow refugee from Sauverney close to Gex in Bourgogne. Tussen 1583 en 1712 is daar nie melding van Gosse of Gose in die Franse rekords nie: die familie het blykbaar uitgewyk om die steeds toenemende vervolging van Protestante te vermy. Hulle het in drie hoofgroepe gevlug: na Duitsland, waar die spelling "Gause" geword het; na Switserland: "Gauch" en na Skotland, waar die naam na "Goss" verander het. 'n Groot deel van die Skotse groep het verder gegaan na die Britse kolonies in Amerika, omdat Skotland ook Katoliek was. Sy familie het waarskynlik na Switserland gevlug, want hy het in 1683 getrou met Jacqueline Decré, en 'n jaar later is hulle oudste kind, Estienne, in Geneve gebore. Hulle het ook 'n dogtertjie, Marie, gehad. Sy is in Amsterdam gedoop, maar is jonk dood. Andrè en sy gesin het dus van Switserland via Holland na die Kaap gekom. Die Huguenoteskip "Spierdijk" het in 1691 in Tafelbaai aangekom. Die passasierslys toon aan: " Andrè Gauch, grofsmid " sy vrou Jacqueline Decré " hulle seun Estienne (7) Jacqueline word nie weer vermeld nie - moontlik is sy op die reis oorlede, want by sy aankoms word Andrè aangeteken as wewenaar met een seun. Hy was in elk geval 'n wewenaar toe hy in Augustus van dieselfde jaar getroud is met Jeanne le Clerq (Johanna de Klerk), dogter van Pierre le Clerq en Sara Cochet. Andrè Gauch en Johanna de Klerk het vier kinders gehad: " Pieter, Sara, Jeanne en Andries. Die twee seuns, die eerste geslag aan die Kaap gebore, se name is reeds verHollands, en die van word ook in die Drakensteinse dooprekords as Gouws, of soms Gous, gespel. Skoonpa Conterman was opvlieënd en is in 1707 aangekla van aanranding: hy het 'n skaapwagter, Hartwig Alsleben, met die vuis bygekom omdat dié nie die respek getoon het om sy hoed af te haal toe Oubaas Conterman verbystap nie. Op 26 Februarie 1698, toe die jongste kind, Andries, skaars 'n maand oud was, word Andrè Gouws vermoor terwyl hy sy vee gaan inspekteer het.
His family most probably fled to Switzerland where he married Jacqueline Decré. Their first child, Estienne was born in Genève. the second child Marie was baptized in Amsterdam, but died young. BIOGRAPHY: He arrived with his son as a French Huguenot in South Africa in 1691, on the ship Spierdijk. His wife died on the ship to South Africa. He was a blacksmith from 1692-1698 as well as a farmer. BIOGRAPHY: He was murdered while inspecting his cattle and based on rumors the murderer was his wife’s lover, Pieter Bekker, who married her soon after André was murdered. The accusation was never proved.
MOOC8/1.37 Testator(s): Andries Gouws 9 Junij 1698 Inventaris en taxatie der roerende en onroerende goederen nagelaten en met de dood ontruijmt bij den overledene vrijman van Drakensteijn Andries Goos voor en ten behoeven van sijn egte huijsvrouw Johann
The Gous Family Tree – first generations:
by Richard Ball
André Gauch, smith and farmer, living in Drakenstein Born: Le Pont-de-Montvert, Languedoc - died 26 February 1698 x Jacqueline Decré 13 January 1683 Celigny, Geneva died before 1691 (assumed) Line is dead after her grandchildren, as far as we can find; xx Johanna de Clercq 19 August 1691 Stellenbosch, born Zeeland, died circa 1748
The children and grandchildren of André Gauch and Jacqueline Decré:
b1 Steven Gous, born between 1683 and 1684 at Geneva, died before March 1758 farmer, of Berg en Daal, Koeberg, x Catharina Bok, 6 March 1718 Cape Town ( born: circa 1704-1705 at the Cape, died circa December 1779 father: Christiaan Bok, mother: Anna Groothenning [A slave woman - Sharon Doubell 2014] ) I have assumed that he was the son of Jacqueline Decré. There is, so far as I am aware, no proof of this. He gave his birthplace as Geneva at the time of his marriage, so it seems very likely. Although he appears as 'Etienne' in SAG, De Villiers / Pama, Boucher’s French Speakers at the Cape, and many of the web sites which list this family, I have found not a single historical source for this name. So far as I know we have no record of him other than what is housed in the Cape Archives where his name is always Steven.
b1.c1 Stephanus Gous, baptised 1 September 1720 Cape Town and died (in all probability) between 1720 and 1721 as an infant. Although given a large progeny by SAG this child almost certainly died as an infant. The opgaaf (tax cum census) returns for this family list no children for the year 1721. Later returns of 1725 to 1738 list only daughters in this family. The return of 1741 lists 1 son and 5 daughters. In addition the will of Catharina Bok, widow of Steven Gous, 17 March 1758, lists her 5 daughters and her one son, Andries Stephanus and the estate accounts of Clara Bok, who died without children of her own in 1798, lists the then living children and descendants of her late sister Catharina Bok, 'procreated within marriage with her likewise deceased husband Stephanus Gousch' as Andries Stephanus Gousch, Sara Gousch and Clara Gousch.
b1.c2 Anna Gous, baptised 30 September 1721 Cape Town
b1.c3 Catharina Gous, baptised 1 August 1723 Cape Town
The two daughters above were still living when their mother made her opgaaf return in 1773 but had died by the time the estate accounts of their aunt, Clara Bok, were drawn up in 1798 (MOOC 13/1/22, 4).
b1.c4 Christina Gous, baptised 18 March 1725 Cape Town, died circa 1792
b1.c5 Sara Gous, baptised 6 April 1727 Cape Town, date of death unknown, except that it was probably after 1798 since she is mentioned as one of the heirs of her aunt, Clara Bok (MOOC 13/1/22, 4).
b1.c6 Clara Gous, baptised 20 July 1732 Cape Town, died circa July 1821
b1.c7 Stephanus Gous, baptised 12 June 1740 Cape Town, died circa October 1814 x Maria Hendrina Mulder born at the Cape. This couple had no children of their own but their apparently unrelated adopted son, Andries Stephanus Faculyn Gous, left a large progeny (see SAG).
b2 Marie Gous, baptised 31 May 1690 Amsterdam, Oude Waalse Kerk, died presumably before her father arrived at the Cape. - The baptism record for Marie carried out in De Oude Waalse Kerk in Amsterdam, 31 May 1690 "Le 31 ditto (may) Marie fille de Andre Gauses & Jacqueline du Cret Temoins Edouart Willet & Maria van Beningem".. - A burial entry in the "Begraafregister" for the St. Anthonis Kerkhof Amsterdam on the 5th June 1690 simple stating "KV (Kind Van) Andries Gauch 4e [Anjer]dwarsstraat"[Louis Scholtz, 2014]
The children and grandchildren of André Gauch and Johanna de Clercq:
b3 Pieter Gous, born circa 1692-1693 at the Cape, died circa 1730 farmer of De Doorn Rivier, over 't Roode Sand x Anna Oosthuisen 4 May 1721 Stellenbosch ( born at the Cape, died circa December 1745 (date of inventory) she married secondly Gerrit van Emmenes, 1 April 1731, Drakenstein. De Villiers / Pama and SAG both list what appears to be a spurious daughter named Anna for this couple, but I have been unable to find any evidence of her existence. So far as I can establish there were only the following four children:
b3.c1 Johanna Gous, baptised 25 April 1723 Drakenstein, died circa July 1794 xMatthijs Strijdom 11 October 1739 Drakenstein farmer, died before 1758 xx Ockert Brits 16 April 1758 Drakenstein .She had children with both husbands.
b3.c3 Pieter Gous, baptised 6 July 1727 Drakenstein of De Voorbaad, situated at the Swarteberg x Magdalena Brits 5 November 1752 Tulbagh I found no evidence from wills or other documents that the Pieter Gous baptised 1727 was the husband of Magdalena Brits, so I checked out the baptisms of their all their children for the clues provided by baptismal witnesses. The witnesses at the baptism of their first child were Johanna Gous and Matthijs Strijdom, the sister and brother-in-law of the Pieter Gous who was born 1727 to Pieter Gous and Anna Oosthuijsen; those of the second child were Johannes Oosthuijsen and Anna Botha, brother of Anna Oosthuijsen and his wife, uncle and Aunt of the Pieter Gous born 1727; those of the third child were Dorothea Gous and Ockert Brits, she the sister of the Pieter Gous born 1727 and the second husband of Johanna Gous, sister of Pieter Gous born 1727. It seems pretty certain to me, therefore, that this is a correct identification. Beyond their baptisms, I have not investigated their children.
b3.c4 Sara Gous, baptised 21 August 1729 Cape Town according to the SAG, vol 2, page 494, she married Willem Goosen (Cape Town marriage register, VC 621, page 59, 31st August 1749) and they had eight children.
b4 Sara Gous, born circa 1694 or 1695, died circa December 1722 x Christiaan Gobrechts, farmer, died circa 1731 (date of inventory) they had just the one child, Andries Gobrechts, born circa September 1722
b5 Johanna Gous, baptised 25 September 1695 Drakenstein, died before June 1698
b6 Andries Gous, born circa May 1698, died circa June 1735 farmer of De Melkhouteboom, on the Duijvenhoks River x Johanna Conterman 14 May 1719 Drakenstein she married secondly Jan La Grange, circa 1735 or 1736 (there are no entries for this period in the Drakenstein marriage registers).
b6.c1 Pieter Gous, born circa 1719, died 18 January 1790 Waveren x Aletta Vorster 25 November 1742 Drakenstein born circa 1722 at the Cape, and died 20 July 1798 Waveren Please see the article mentioned earlier in the introduction to this family tree for my reasoning in allocating this family to this point of the tree, which I consider their correct location. Their children, so far as I can see, are exactly as laid out in SAG and De Villiers / Pama.
b6.c2d1 Andries Gous, baptised 16 December 1744 Tulbagh
b6.c2d2 Johannes Stephanus Gous, baptised 31 March 1748 Stellenbosch The NAAIRS online index suggests (but I have not seen the documents concerned) that he died circa 1792 and that his wife, Anna Magdalena Vosloo died circa 1810 (MOOC 7/1/37, 24 and MOOC 7/1/59, 62). The Cape Death Notifications (MOOC 6, volume2, page 49) lists her death under the district of Swellendam during the year 1794, no date attached.
b6.c3 Barend Gous, baptised 25 April 1723 Drakenstein, died circa January 1741
b6.c4 Johanna Gous, baptised 8 July 1725 Cape Town x Wessel Pretorius, farmer of Hollebak, over the Duijvenhoxrivier died circa 1752 (date of inventory) xx Jan Vosloo 26 November 1752 Stellenbosch died circa 1756 (date of inventory) xxx Jan Lasch 15 October 1769 Tulbagh. She appears to have had children by all three husbands.
b6.c6 Stephanus Gous, baptised 25 September 1729 Cape Town of De Elands Valleij, at the Swarte Berg x Catharina Huppenaar 16 June 1756 Cape Town baptised 2 September 1736 at Drakenstein, Father: Frederik Huppenaar Mother: Catharina Hofman .We have seen earlier that it could not have been Stephanus Gous, the son of Steven Gous (b1c1), who married Catharina Huppenaar, as averred by SAG and De Villiers / Pama, since he did not survive (or leave surviving heirs) to be named as an heir in his mother’s will of 1759, having most probably died as an infant. We have also seen that Steven Gous (b1) died around 1758 and was survived by his wife, Catharina Bok, so that he could not have been Catharina Huppenaar’s husband. This leaves as the only other candidate Stephanus Gous (b6.c6). I have, in addition, checked the baptismal witnesses for his first two children (I have not been able to examine details of the baptisms of his later children as I do not currently have access for the appropriate dates to the registers where they were presumably recorded, possibly Cape Town or Drakenstein). The witnesses recorded were; for the first child, Andries, baptised 7 November 1756 at Tulbagh, Johanna Conterman and Jan le Grange, the child's paternal grandmother with her second husband; for the second child, Catharina, baptised 17 December 1758 at Tulbagh, Catharina Hofman and Willem Landman, maternal grandmother of the child with her second husband. Again, this is slim evidence, but I believe that mine is the correct interpretation. SAG lists a good number of other children as well but I have not investigated them.
b6.c8 Hester Gous, baptised 27 June 1734 Cape Town x Reijnier van Rooijen 4 March 1753 Tulbagh, of Swellendam, died 18 July 1770 at Swellendam 5 children. xx Willem Pilje 26 May 1771 Stellenbosch, died before 1802
Original Documentary Sources used in the above research:
- Cape Death Notifications 1758-1838, MOOC 6/1, 6/2, 6/3
- Cape Opgaaf Returns, computerisation by the University of the Western Cape,
- printouts, as housed at the Genealogical Institute of South Africa, Stellenbosch
- Church Registers:
- Amsterdam, Oude Waalse Kerk, Gemeentearchief Amsterdam web site
- Cape Town Congregation, VC 603, 604, 605, 621
- Celigny, Geneva 1571- 1798, Latter Day Saints, film number 128310
- Drakenstein Congregation, VC644, VC645, VC654
- Stellenbosch Congregation, VC 633, VC 639, VC 645
- Swartland Congregation, VC 666-8, VC 672
- Tulbagh Congregation, VC 657, and VC 644
- Deed of Surety, Conterman, Johanna wed. Gous, 23 June 1735, MOOC 12/1, 28
- Estate Accounts:
- Bok, Clara, weduwe Gideon Slabbert, dated 12 July 1798, MOOC 13/1/22, 4
- De Clercq, Johanna, from 1748 to 8 August 1757, MOOC 13/1/4, 2
- Gousch, Sara wed Bruijns, from 1798 to 9 December 1802, MOOC 13/1/25, 31
- Inventories: (transcripts available on the TANAP Cape Inventories web site)
- Gaus, Pieter, dated 9 May 1730, MOOC 8/5, 27
- Gausch, Andries, dated 23 June 1735, MOOC 8/5, 85
- Gobregts, Christiaan, dated 8 November 1731, MOOC 8/5, 49
- Goos, Andries, dated 9 June 1698, MOOC 8/1,37
- Gous, Sara 1722, dated 9th December 1722, MOOC 8/4, 39
- Oosthuisen, Anna, dated 22 December 1745, MOOC 8/6,100
- Joernaal-boek der Caapse Weesen van de jaare 1698, MOOC 18/1, page 14 entry dated 21 June 1698: Johanna du Clercq: vryburgeresse, en weeduwe wijlen de franse smit tot drakensteijn Andries Goos, aan haar 4 onder volgende weeskinderen aan Steven Goos oud 14, zijnde 't voorkind f 100:-:- aan Pieter Goos oud 5 jaar, f 100:-:- aan Sara Goos oud 3 jaar, f 100:-:- aan Andries Goos oud 6 weeken, f 100:-:-
- *Bock, Catharina, wed. Steven Gousch, dated 17 March 1758, CJ 22664, 10
- Bock, Catharina, wed. Steven Gousch, dated 22nd April 1767 and filed 30th December 1779, MOOC 7/1/22, 45
- Gous, Andries Stephanus, dated 31 March 1804 and filed 8 November 1814, MOOC 7/1/49, 85
- Van Staden, Maria, dated 17th January 1775, CJ 2672, 44
- Secondary sources consulted:
- Boucher, Maurice - French Speakers at the Cape, Univ. of South Africa, 1981
- De Villiers, C.C. Genealogies of Old South African Families, revised by C. Pama, A.A. Balkema, Cape Town, 1966
- Gouws, Danie M.G., Die Dubbele Gouwse, no date.
- Heese, J.A. and R.J.T. Lombard, South African Genealogies, GISA
- Malherbe, J.E. Jannetje de Clerc, In: The Huguenot Bulletin, 35, 1998, page 52
- Swanepoel, Wynand P., Elf geslagte van die gesin Gouws in Suid-Afrika 1691-1997, Randfontein, COM Printers, 1999.
Details for Doc: The Gous Family Tree, by Richard Ball
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André Gauch, SV/PROG's Timeline
Le Pont-de-Montvert aux Sevens, Languedoc-Roussillon, France
January 13, 1683
Céligny, Canton of Geneva, Switzerland
April 16, 1690
Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands
May 31, 1690
Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Nederland
November 15, 1690
- November 15, 1690
Texel, Noord-Holland, Nederland
The Spierdijk departs from Texel on a journey to Batavia via The Cape of Good Hope.
April 5, 1691
- April 5, 1691
Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa
The Spierdijk remained in The Cape of Good Hope until the 20th Apr 1691 before continuing its journey to Batavia.
August 19, 1691
Cape Town, South Africa
Paarl, Brede River DC, Western Cape, South Africa