Badruddin Tyabji (1844 - 1906)

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Birthplace: Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
Death: Died in City of London, Greater London, UK
Cause of death: Heart Attack
Occupation: 3rd President of INC, Madras, 1887
Managed by: Mahir Palejwala
Last Updated:

About Badruddin Tyabji

  • 1st Indian Barrister in Bombay, April 1867.
  • 1st Indian to hold the post of Chief Justice in Bombay, 1902.
  • 1st Muslim to become the "President of Indian National Congress", Mysore, 1887.
  • 3rd President of the Indian National Congress (INC), Mysore, 1887.

Badruddin Tyabji was the son of Cambay (Khambat) business merchant, Mulla Tyab Ali bin Bhai Miyan, and his wife, Ameena, the daughter of a rich Mulla, Mulla Meher Ali. All of Tyab Ali's sons went to England for further education or trade. His elder brother, Camaruddin, had been the first Indian solicitor admitted in England, and inspired the 15-year-old Badruddin to join the Bar.

In April 1860, Badruddin Tyabji went to England to study at the Highbury New Park College. His father gave him letters of introduction to Lord Ellenborough, the retired Viceroy of India. Badruddin Tyabji passed the London matriculation examination and entered London University and the Middle Temple as a student in 1863. Because of deteriorating eyesight he returned to Bombay in late 1864 but resumed terms at the Middle Temple in late 1865. While in India he was married to a 14-year-old girl, Rahat-un-Nafs binte Sharaf Ali. He was called to the Bar in April 1867, and on his return to Bombay in December 1867 became the first Indian barrister in the High Court of Bombay.


Badruddin Tyabji was elected to the municipal corporation in 1873. He was a member of the University of Bombay senate (1875–1905) and appointed to the Bombay legislative council in 1882, resigning in 1886 owing to ill health. Along with Pherozeshah Mehta and K. T. Telang, he was largely responsible for forming the Bombay Presidency Association in 1885, a body which championed Indian interests and hosted the first meeting of the Indian National Congress in Bombay at the end of 1885. Badruddin Tyabji was the third President of Congress. He was deeply concerned with matters affecting Muslims. To promote social interaction among the city's Muslims, Tyabji was instrumental in founding both the Islam Club and the Islam Gymkhana. He sent all of his daughters to be educated in Bombay and in 1904 he sent two of them to boarding school in Haslemere in England.


In June 1895, Badruddin Tyabji was made a judge of the Bombay High Court, the first Muslim and the third Indian to be so elevated. While on a year's furlough in London in 1906, Badruddin Tyabji died suddenly of a heart attack.

Source 1: http://www8.open.ac.uk/researchprojects/makingbritain/content/badruddin-tyabji

Source 2: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Badaruddin_Taiyabji

Source 3: http://www.congresssandesh.com/AICC/history/presidents/badruddin_tyabji.htm

Source 4: Prof. Theodore P. Wright Jr.'s Tyabji Clan Family Charts (1970)

Source 5: Badruddin Tyabji, A Biography by Husain B. Tyabji (1952)

Source 6: http://indianmuslimlegends.blogspot.com/2011/07/181-badruddin-tyabji.html

Source 7: http://180.179.212.175/en2/index.php/congress-mps-in-rajya-sabha12/users/968-?start=2050

Source 8: Ahya-ul-Salaf

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Badruddin Tyabji's Timeline

1844
October 10, 1844
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
1865
January 16, 1865
Age 20
Khambhat, Gujarat, India
1866
May 15, 1866
Age 21
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
May 15, 1866
Age 21
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
1868
1868
Age 23
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
1871
1871
Age 26
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
1873
1873
Age 28
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
1875
1875
Age 30
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
1877
1877
Age 32
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
1880
1880
Age 35
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India