Edward I "Longshanks", King of England

Is your surname of Westminster?

Research the of Westminster family

Edward I "Longshanks", King of England's Geni Profile

Records for Edward of Westminster

35,550 Records

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Edward of Westminster

Nicknames: "King Longshanks", "Hammer of the Scots", "Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots", "Edward Longshanks", "Edward Longshanks or Hammer of the Scots", "longshanks", "the Hammer of the Scots", "Longshanks"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Westminster Palace, London, Middlesex, England
Death: Died in Cumberland, England
Place of Burial: Westminster Abbey, London, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Henry III of England; Henry III Plantagenet; Eleanor of Provence, Queen consort of England and Elbeonore Countess of provence
Husband of Marguerite of France, Queen of England and Eleanor of Castile, Queen consort of England
Father of Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk; Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent; Eleanor Plantagenet; Stillborn Daughter Plantagenet of England, Princess; Eleanor of England, Countess of Bar and 17 others
Brother of Edmund "Crouchback", 1st Earl of Leicester and Lancaster; Margaret (Plantagenet) of England, Queen consort of Scots; Beatrice of England, Countess of Richmond; William Prince Of England; Katherine of England and 3 others

Occupation: King of England
Managed by: Jason Scott Wills
Last Updated:

About Edward of Westminster

a short summary from Wikipedia:

Edward I Longshanks

Reign: 16 November 1272 – 7 July 1307

Coronation: 19 August 1274

Predecessor : Henry III

Successor: Edward II

Spouse: Eleanor of Castile

m. 1254; dec. 1290

Margaret of France

m. 1299; wid. 1307

among others Issue

John

Henry

Eleanor, Countess of Bar

Joan, Countess of Hertford

Alphonso, Earl of Chester

Margaret, Duchess of Brabant

Mary of Woodstock

Elizabeth, Countess of Hereford

Edward II of England

Thomas, Earl of Norfolk

Edmund, Earl of Kent

House: House of Plantagenet

Father: Henry III of England

Mother: Eleanor of Provence

Born: 17/18 June 1239

Palace of Westminster, London, England

Died: 7 July 1307 (aged 68)

Burgh by Sands, Cumberland, England

Burial: Westminster Abbey, London, England

Religion: Roman Catholic

================================================================

Wikipedia links:

Afrikaans, العربية, Български, Bosanski, Česky, Dansk, Deutsch, Ελληνικά English, Español, Eesti, Suomi, Français, עברית, Hrvatski, Magyar, Bahasa Indonesia, Íslenska, Italiano, 日本語, 한국어, Latviešu, ‪Norsk (bokmål)‬, Nederlands, Polski, Português, Română, Русский, Српски / Srpski, Svenska, ไทย, Türkçe, Українська 中文

================================================================

other links:

http://www.britroyals.com/kings.asp?id=edward1

http://www.englishmonarchs.co.uk/plantagenet_5.htm

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=1955

http://www.geneall.net/U/per_page.php?id=302

http://www.genealogy4u.com/genealogy/getperson.php?personID=I575&tree=william_conq

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I1157&tree=EuropeRoyalNobleHous

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I95&tree=Nixon

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I122437&tree=Welsh

http://www.mathematical.com/englandedward1longshanks.html

http://www.nndb.com/people/313/000093034/

http://www.royalist.info/execute/biog?person=95

http://thepeerage.com/p10191.htm#i101903

====================================================================

Citations / Sources :

[S106] Royal Genealogies Website (ROYAL92.GED), online ftp://ftp.cac.psu.edu/genealogy/public_html/royal/index.html. Hereinafter cited as Royal Genealogies Website.

[S2411] #11915 British Genealogy (filmed 1950), Evans, Alcwyn Caryni, (Books A to H. National Library of Wales MSS 12359-12360D. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,355 and 104,390 item 2., book 5 p. E69; book 6 p. F2*, 9*, 60*, 88.

[S2434] #2105 Heraldic Visitations of Wales and Part of the Marches Between the Years 1586 and 1613 by Lewys Dwnn (1846), Dwnn, Lewys; transcribed and edited with notes by Sir Samuel Rush Meyrick, (2 volumes. Llandovery: William Rees, 1846), FHL book 942.9 D23d; FHL microfilm 176,668., vol. 1 p. 89.

[S712] #1039 Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families: with Their Collateral Branches in Denbighshire, Merionethshire (1914), Griffith, John Edwards, (Horncastle, England: W.K. Morton, 1914), FHL book Folio 942.9 D2gr; FHL microfilm 468,334., p. I.

[S2420] #11886 The Golden Grove books of pedigrees (filmed 1970), (Manuscript, National Library of Wales manuscript number Castell Gorfod 7. Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,349-104,351., book 5 p. C624.

[S673] #1079 A History of Monmouthshire from the Coming of the Normans into Wales down to the Present Time (1904-1993), Bradney, Sir Joseph Alfred, (Publications of the South Wales Record Society, number 8. Five volumes in 13. London: Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke, 1904-1993), FHL book 942.43 H2b., vol. 1 p. 5*; vol. 3 p. 8.

[S2318] #1210 The Family of Griffith of Garn and Plasnewydd in the County of Denbigh, as Registered in the College of Arms from the Beginning of the XIth Century (1934), Glenn, Thomas Allen, (London: Harrison, 1934), FHL book 929.2429 G875g; FHL microfilm 994,040 ite., p. 209*.

[S2411] #11915 British Genealogy (filmed 1950), Evans, Alcwyn Caryni, (Books A to H. National Library of Wales MSS 12359-12360D. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,355 and 104,390 item 2., book 6 p. F2.

[S2411] #11915 British Genealogy (filmed 1950), Evans, Alcwyn Caryni, (Books A to H. National Library of Wales MSS 12359-12360D. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,355 and 104,390 item 2., book 5 p. E69.

[S2411] #11915 British Genealogy (filmed 1950), Evans, Alcwyn Caryni, (Books A to H. National Library of Wales MSS 12359-12360D. Manuscript filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,355 and 104,390 item 2., book 6 p. F60.

[S452] #21 The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant (1910), Cokayne, George Edward (main author) and Vicary Gibbs (added author), (New edition. 13 volumes in 14. London: St. Catherine Press,1910-), vol. 3 p. 170, 171.

[S452] #21 The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant (1910), Cokayne, George Edward (main author) and Vicary Gibbs (added author), (New edition. 13 volumes in 14. London: St. Catherine Press,1910-), vol. 1 p. 242, 306, 346, 419; vol. 2 p. 59-60 fn. (b); vol. 3 p. 179 fn. (a), 244, 344, 434, 437; vol. 4 p. 28, 43, 269, 324; vol. 4 appndx. H chart I; vol. 10 appndx. A p. 30; vol. 12 pt. 1 p. 615, vol. 14 p. 102 [BOTETOURT].

[S338] Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families (2004), Richardson, Douglas, edited by Kamball G. Everingham, (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004), FHL book 942 D5rd., p. xxviii.

[S338] Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families (2004), Richardson, Douglas, edited by Kamball G. Everingham, (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004), FHL book 942 D5rd., p. 281 PLANTAGENET:15, p. 282 PLANTAGENET:14.

[S266] #379 [7th edition, 1992] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, Who Came to America Before 1700 (7th edition, 1992), Weis, Frederick Lewis, (7th edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, c1992), FHL book 974 D2w 1992., p. 3 line 1:28, p. 102 line 110:30.

[S347] Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-century Colonists: the Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, Edward II, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies Before 1701 (2nd ed., 1999), Faris, David, (2nd edition. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999), FHL book 973 D2fp., p. 282 PLANTAGENET:14.

-------------------- King of England from 1272 to 1307, ascending the throne of England on 16 November, 1272 after the death of his father, King Henry III. Edward I (17 June 1239 – 7 July 1307) was popularly known as Longshanks.

Edward married Eleanor, half-sister of King Alfonso X of Castile, on November 1, 1254 in the monastery of Las Huelgas in Castile. They would go on to have at least fifteen (possibly sixteen) children. -------------------- Source:

Edward I (17 June 1239 – 7 July 1307), also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots (Latin: Malleus Scotorum), was King of England from 1272 to 1307. The first son of Henry III, Edward was involved early in the political intrigues of his father's reign, which included an outright rebellion by the English barons. In 1259, he briefly sided with a baronial reform movement, supporting the Provisions of Oxford. After reconciliation with his father, however, he remained loyal throughout the subsequent armed conflict, known as the Second Barons' War. After the Battle of Lewes, Edward was hostage to the rebellious barons, but escaped after a few months and joined the fight against Simon de Montfort. Montfort was defeated at the Battle of Evesham in 1265, and within two years the rebellion was extinguished. With England pacified, Edward left on a crusade to the Holy Land. The crusade accomplished little, and Edward was on his way home in 1272 when he was informed that his father had died. Making a slow return, he reached England in 1274 and was crowned at Westminster on 19 August.

He spent much of his reign reforming royal administration and common law. Through an extensive legal inquiry, Edward investigated the tenure of various feudal liberties, while the law was reformed through a series of statutes regulating criminal and property law. Increasingly, however, Edward's attention was drawn towards military affairs. After suppressing a minor rebellion in Wales in 1276–77, Edward responded to a second rebellion in 1282–83 with a full-scale war of conquest. After a successful campaign, Edward subjected Wales to English rule, built a series of castles and towns in the countryside and settled them with Englishmen. Next, his efforts were directed towards Scotland. Initially invited to arbitrate a succession dispute, Edward claimed feudal suzerainty over the kingdom. In the war that followed, the Scots persevered, even though the English seemed victorious at several points. At the same time there were problems at home. In the mid-1290s, extensive military campaigns required high levels of taxation, and Edward met with both lay and ecclesiastical opposition. These crises were initially averted, but issues remained unsettled. When the King died in 1307, he left to his son, Edward II, an ongoing war with Scotland and many financial and political problems.

Edward I was a tall man for his era, hence the nickname "Longshanks". He was temperamental, and this, along with his height, made him an intimidating man, and he often instilled fear in his contemporaries. Nevertheless, he held the respect of his subjects for the way he embodied the medieval ideal of kingship, as a soldier, an administrator and a man of faith. Modern historians are divided on their assessment of the King: while some have praised him for his contribution to the law and administration, others have criticised him for his uncompromising attitude towards his nobility. Currently, Edward I is credited with many accomplishments during his reign, including restoring royal authority after the reign of Henry III, establishing Parliament as a permanent institution and thereby also a functional system for raising taxes, and reforming the law through statutes. At the same time, he is also often criticised for other actions, such as his brutal conduct towards the Scots, and issuing the Edict of Expulsion in 1290, by which the Jews were expelled from England. The Edict remained in effect for the rest of the Middle Ages, and it would be over 350 years until it was formally overturned under Oliver Cromwell in 1656.

view all 146

Edward I "Longshanks", King of England's Timeline

1239
June 17, 1239
Westminster Palace, London, Middlesex, England

Born in the newer capital of Westminster. Christened June 22, 1239 in Westminster, Middlesex, England.

June 21, 1239
Westminster, London, England
June 21, 1239
Westminster, Middlesex, England
June 22, 1239
Westminster, Middlesex, England
June 22, 1239
Westminster,Middlesex,England
June 22, 1239
Westminster, Middlesex, England
June 22, 1239
Westminster,Middlesex,England
June 22, 1239
Westminster, Middlesex, England
June 22, 1239
Westminster,Middlesex,England
June 22, 1239
Westminster Abby, London, London, England