Martha Ellis Gellhorn

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Martha Ellis Gellhorn

Also Known As: "Martha Gellhorn Hemingway"
Birthplace: Saint Louis, MO, USA
Death: Died in London, Greater London, United Kingdom
Cause of death: Suicide by drug overdose
Immediate Family:

Daughter of <private> Gellhorn and Edna Gellhorn
Ex-wife of Ernest Hemingway and Tom Matthews
Sister of George L. Gellhorn, Jr.; Walter Gellhorn and Dr. Alfred Gellhorn

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Martha Ellis Gellhorn

Martha Gellhorn was an American novelist, travel writer and journalist, considered to be one of the greatest war correspondents of the 20th century. She reported on virtually every major world conflict that took place during her 60-year career. Gellhorn was also the third wife of American novelist Ernest Hemingway, from 1940 to 1945.

Gellhorn published numerous books, including a collection of articles on war, The Face of War (1959); a novel about McCarthyism, The Lowest Trees Have Tops (1967); an account of her travels (including one trip with Hemingway), Travels With Myself and Another (1978); and a collection of her peacetime journalism, The View From the Ground (1988).

Gellhorn published books of fiction, travel writing and reportage. Her selected letters were published posthumously in 2006.

On October 5, 2007, the United States Postal Service announced that it would honor five journalists of the 20th century times with first-class rate postage stamps, to be issued on Tuesday, April 22, 2008: Martha Gellhorn; John Hersey; George Polk; Ruben Salazar; and Eric Sevareid. Postmaster General Jack Potter announced the stamp series at the Associated Press Managing Editors Meeting in Washington. Martha covered the Spanish Civil War, World War II and the Vietnam War.

The Martha Gellhorn Prize for Journalism is named after her.


New York Times -- 17 February 1998 MARTHA GELLHORN, DARING WRITER, DIES AT 89

"Martha Ellis Gellhorn, who as one of the first female war correspondents covered a dozen major conflicts in a writing career spanning more than six decades, died on Sunday at her home in London. She was 89.

"Ms. Gellhorn was a cocky, raspy-voiced maverick who saw herself as a champion of ordinary people trapped in conflicts created by the rich and powerful. That she was known to many largely because of her marriage to Ernest Hemingway, from 1940 to 1945, caused her unending irritation, especially when critics tried to find parallels between her lean writing style and that of her more celebrated husband.

'"'Why should I be a footnote to somebody else's life? she bitterly asked in an interview, pointing out that she had written two novels before meeting Hemingway and continued writing for almost a half-century after leaving him.

"As a journalist, Ms. Gellhorn had no use for the notion of objectivity. The chief point of going to cover anything, she felt, was so you could tell what you saw, contradict the lies and let the bad guys have it."

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Martha Ellis Gellhorn's Timeline

November 8, 1908
Saint Louis, MO, USA
Age 31
Age 36
Monroe, Florida, United States
Age 45
Age 54
February 15, 1998
Age 89
London, Greater London, United Kingdom