["\n\n\n\n\n\n \n \n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n \n Meinhard IV von von Görz, Herzog von Kärnten (c.1238 - 1295) - Genealogy\n \n \n \n\n \n\n\n\n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n \n\n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n\n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n\n\n\n\n \n\n \n\n\t\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n\n \n \n \n \n\n \n\n \n \n \n \n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n \n\n \n \n \n\n
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\n \n \n \n \t Meinhard IV von von Görz, Herzog von Kärnten\n \r\n\r\n\r\n\"\"\n \n (c.1238 - 1295) \n \"\"\n \n \n

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Meinhard II, Duke of Carinthia's Geni Profile

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Records for Meinhard von Görz

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Nicknames:\"Meinhard IV von Görz; Meinhard IV von Tirol\"
Birthplace:\n Tirol, Austria\n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n
Death:\n \n Died\n \n \n \n \n in \n \n Greifenburg, Carinthia, Austria\n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n
Occupation:Count of Tyrol & Görz 1257-95, Duke of Carinthia 1286-95, regent från 1276,
Managed by:\n \n Kim T Metso\n
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About Meinhard IV von von Görz, Herzog von Kärnten

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Meinhard, Duke of Carinthia

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Meinhard II (c. 1238 - end of October 1295) was Count of Tirol, Duke of Carinthia and Carniola, and Count of Gorizia (as Meinhard IV) He was the son of Meinhard I of Gorizia-Tyrol and Adelheid, Countess of Tirol (died 1275/79).

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His younger son was count Henry VI, sometime king of Bohemia and his eldest daughter Elisabeth became Queen-consort of Holy Roman Empire.

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His wife since 1258 was Elisabeth of Bavaria (c 1227-73), the daughter of Duke Otto II and widow of King Conrad IV, King of the Romans. Thus he was the stepfather of Conrad III of Jerusalem, Duke of Swabia and claimant of the Kingdom of Sicily who was killed in 1268.

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In 1259, he emerged from the custody of the Archbishop of Salzburg to claim his heritage. When the inheritance rights to, and properties of, Gorizia and Tyrol were divided in 1271 between him and his younger brother, he received Tirol starting the Tyrolean line of the Meinhardinian dynasty. He struggled to acquire Trento and acquired several territories in the Inn valley. He is known as the creator of Tyrol as an independent territory. He also had roads built and coins minted, especially the silver coin "Zwainziger" (twenty). The type was copied elsewhere in Europe and became widely known as Groschen.

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As a supporter of King Rudolf I of Germany, he received Carinthia and Carniola, as a pledge, in 1276 and as fief in 1286, thus becoming the 1st Duke of Carinthia in his dynasty. As far as can be ascertained, he has no ancestry in earlier Carinthian ducal families, whereas he distantly descended from some early Meranian lords of Istria and Carniola. His investiture of the duchy included a provision that in extinction of his male line, the Habsburgs will be its heirs. This materialized in 1335.

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Meinhard died in 1295 at Greifenburg, Carinthia.

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Children

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Elisabeth of Tirol (1262-1312), wife of Albert I, Duke of Austria (1248-1308), became queen-consort of the Romans in 1298

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Otto of Gorizia-Tyrol (d 1310), father of Elisabeth of Carinthia, queen-consort of sicily as wife of Peter II of Sicily

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Albrecht von Kärnten, died 1292

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Louis of Gorizia-Tyrol, died 1305

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Henry I of Bohemia (c 1270-1335), king of Bohemia 1306 and 1307-10, Duke of Carnithia 1310-35, Count of Tirol, father of Margarete Maultasch of Tirol

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Agnes of Carinthia (died 1293), wife of Frederick I, Margrave of Meissen (1257-1323), grandson of Emperor Frederick II, her only son Frederick of Meissen predeceased his father.

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Wikipedia:

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Meinhard II. (* um 1238; † 1. November 1295 in Greifenburg) aus dem Geschlecht der Meinhardiner war Graf (als Meinhard IV.) von Görz und Tirol und Herzog von Kärnten (1286-1295). Er war einer der bedeutendsten Fürsten des 13. Jahrhunderts und der Begründer Tirols als eigenständiges Land.

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Als Sohn des Grafen Meinhard I. fiel ihm durch Erbteilung 1271 die Grafschaft Tirol zu. Sein Bruder Albert I. erhielt die Besitzungen in Friaul, Istrien, Kärnten und im Pustertal.

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Berühmt wurde er durch die Prägung des „Zwainzigers“, der ersten deutschen Silbergroßmünze, die vielfach nachgeahmt wurde. Er unterstützte Rudolf I. von Habsburg in der Auseinandersetzung mit König Ottokar II. von Böhmen und wurde dafür 1286 zum Reichsfürsten erhoben und mit dem Herzogtum Kärnten belehnt.

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Gemeinsam mit seiner Gemahlin Elisabeth von Bayern, der Witwe des Staufers Konrad IV., stiftete er 1284 das Zisterzienserkloster Stams in Tirol, wo er auch sein Grab fand. Seine Tochter Elisabeth heiratete Albrecht I., den deutschen König der Jahre von 1298 bis 1308, und wurde zur Stammmutter aller späteren Habsburger. Durch seine Unterwerfung der Fürstbistümer Trient und Brixen gilt er als der eigentliche Begründer des Landes Tirol.

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Nachkommen [Bearbeiten]

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   * Albert II., Graf von Tirol († 1292);
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   * Agnes († 14. Mai 1293); (heiratete 1286 Friedrich I. (Meißen))
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   * Elisabeth von Kärnten, Görz und Tirol (1262–1313) (heiratete König Albrecht I.);
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   * Otto III. (um 1265–1310), Graf von Görz und Tirol, Herzog von Kärnten;
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   * Heinrich VI. (um 1270–1335), Herzog von Kärnten, Graf von Tirol, König von Böhmen und Polen;
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   * Ludwig († 1305).
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Literatur [Bearbeiten]

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   * Hermann Wiesflecker: Meinhard der Zweite. Tirol, Kärnten und ihre Nachbarländer des 13. Jahrhunderts (Schlern-Schriften 124). Wagner, Innsbruck 1995. ISBN 3703002875
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   * Wilhelm Baum: Die Grafen von Görz in der europäischen Politik des Mittelalters. Kitab-Verlag, Klagenfurt 2000. ISBN 3-902005-04-1
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   * Alfons Huber: Meinhard II.. In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Band 21. Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1885, S. 229–231.
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Weblinks [Bearbeiten]

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   * Genealogie zu Meinhard
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Vorgänger Amt Nachfolger

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Rudolf I. Herzog von Kärnten

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1286-1295 Otto III.

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Meinhard I. Graf von Tirol

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1257-1295 Otto

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Normdaten: PND: 118782908 – weitere Informationen

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Meinhard II, Duke of Carinthia's Timeline

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