Shahrijar

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About Shahrijar

Yazdgerd III (also spelled Yazdegerd or Yazdiger, Persian: یزدگرد سوم, "made by God") was the twenty-ninth and last king of the Sassanid dynasty of Iran and a grandson of Khosrau II (590–628). His father was Shahryar whose mother was Miriam, the daughter of the Byzantine Emperor Maurice. Yazdgerd's daughter, Izdundad, was married to Bustanai ben Haninai, the Jewish exilarch.

The Bahai religious leader Bahá'u'lláh's ancestry can be traced back to Yazdgerd III.

Yazdgerd III ascended the throne on 16 June 632 after a series of internal conflicts.

Yazdgerd III reigned as a youth and had never truly exercised authority. The Muslim conquest of Persia began in his first year of reign, and ended with the Battle of al-Qādisiyyah. Yazdegerd sought an alliance with Emperor Heraclius, who was an old rival of the Persian Empire.

Following the battle of al-Qādisiyyah, the Arabs occupied Ctesiphon, and the young King fled eastward into Media going from one district to another, until at last he was killed by a local miller for his purse at Merv in 651.

The legend is that he was killed by a miller who robbed him of his clothes and jewellery, but there is a strong suspicion that the governor of Merv, was the real culprit

Ferdowsi a contemporary of Mahmud of Ghazni recounts the killing of Yazdegerd by the miller at the behest of Mahuy Suri

“ Mahui sends the miller to cut off his head on pain of losing his own, and having none of his race left alive. His chiefs hear this and cry out against him, and a Mobed of the name of Radui tells him that to kill a king or prophet will bring evil upon him and his son, and is supported in what he says by a holy man of the name of Hormuzd Kharad Shehran, and Mehronush.

The miller most unwillingly goes in and stabs him with a dagger in the middle. Mahui's horsmen all go and see him and take off his clothing and ornaments, leaving him on the ground . All the nobles curse Mahui and wish him the same fate.

The rest of the nobles who fled settled in central Asia where they contributed greatly in spreading Persian culture and language in those regions. They also contributed to the establishment of the first native Iranian dynasty, the Samanid dynasty, which sought to retain some Sassanid traditions while still promoting Islam.

The Zoroastrian religious calendar, which is still in use today, uses the regnal year of Yazdgerd III as its base year. Its calendar era (year numbering system), which is accompanied by a Y.Z. suffix, thus indicates the number of years since the emperor's coronation in 632 AD.

Yazdgerd's son Pirooz II fled to China.

Yazdgerd's daughter Shahrbanu is believed to be the wife of Husayn ibn Ali.

Yazdgerd's other daughter Izdundad was married to Bustanai ben Haninai, the Jewish exilarch.

The Bahai religious leader Bahá'u'lláh's ancestry can be traced back to Yazdgerd III.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yazdegerd_III

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http://akevoth.org/genealogy/duparc/3702.htm

King Yazdegerd (Yazadagird), birth CA 610 Persia, died 651 murdered near Merv by a miller, occupation: King of Parthia 633-651, son of Shahrijar and nn

Yazdgerd III (also spelled Yazdegerd or Yazdiger, Persian: "made by God") was the twenty-ninth and last king of the Sassanid dynasty and a grandson of Khosrau II (590û628), who had been murdered by his son Kavadh II of Persia in 628. His fathe r was Shahryar whose mother was Miriam, the daughter of the Byzantine Emperor Maurice. [1] Yazdgerd III ascended the throne on June 16 after a series of internal conflicts.

Yazdgerd III reigned as a youth and never truly exercised authority. In his first year the Arab invasion of Persia began, and in 636 the Battle of al-Qadisiyyah decided the fate of the Persian empire. To gain some modest supports from the Persia n Empire's old rival, the Roman Empire of the East, he sought an alliance with the Emperor Heraclius who then married off his young granddaughter, Manyanh, the daughter of Heraclius Constantine III and Princess Gregoria of Persia. Yazdgerd an d Manyanh had issue.

Arabs occupied Ctesiphon , and the young King fled into Media. Yazdgerd III then fled eastward from one district to another, until at last he was killed by a local miller for his purse at Merv .[1]

The rest of the nobles who fled settled in central Asia where they contributed greatly in spreading Persian culture and language in those regions. They also contributed to the establishment of the first native Iranian dynasty, the Samanid dynasty , which sought to retain some Sassanid traditions while still promoting Islam.

The Zoroastrian religious calendar , which is still in use today, uses the regnal year of Yazdgerd III as its base year. Its calendar era (year numbering system), which is accompanied by a Y.Z. suffix, thus indicates the number of years since th e emperor's coronation in 632 CE.

Yazdgerd's son Pirooz fled to China

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yazdegerd_III

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Shah of Persia -------------------- Sassanid King of Iran

http://www.thefullwiki.org/Yazdegerd_III