William Marshall, 1st Earl of Pembroke

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William Marshall, 1st Earl of Pembroke

Also Known As: "William le Mareschal", "the Protector", "William the Marshal", "Guillaume le Maréchal", "Greatest Knight who ever lived", "The Elder"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales
Death: Died in Caversham, Oxfordshire, England
Place of Burial: Round Chapel of Knights Temple, London, Middlesex, England
Immediate Family:

Son of John Marshall (I), Marshal of the Horses and Sibilla (FitzEdward) Marshall, of Salisbury
Husband of Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke
Father of Isabel Marshall of Pembroke; William Marshal, 2nd Earl of Pembroke; Richard Marshal, 3rd Earl of Pembroke; Maud Marshal; Gilbert le Marshall, 4th Earl of Pembroke (Knight Templar) and 5 others
Brother of John Marshall, II; Maud FitzJohn Marshall; Anselm FitzJohn Marshall; Henry, Bishop of Exeter and Richard FitzGilbert Mareschall
Half brother of Gilbert FitzJohn and Walter FitzJohn le Marshall

Occupation: 1st Earl of Pembroke
Managed by: Ofir Friedman
Last Updated:

About William Marshall, 1st Earl of Pembroke

"Sir William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke (1147 – 14 May 1219), also called William the Marshal (Norman French: Williame le Mareschal), was an English (or Anglo-Norman) soldier and statesman.

He was described as the "greatest knight that ever lived" by Stephen Langton.[citation needed] He served four kings — Henry II, Richard the Lionheart, John, and Henry III - and rose from obscurity to become a regent of England for the last of the four, and so one of the most powerful men in Europe. Before him, the hereditary title of "Marshal" designated head of household security for the king of England; by the time he died, people throughout Europe (not just England) referred to him simply as "the Marshal". He received the title of "1st Earl of Pembroke" through marriage during the second creation of the Pembroke Earldom. He is perhaps the most studied and therefore most famous of the Pembroke Earls in modern popular culture"

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Wikipedia links:

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other links:

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=4437

http://www.geneall.net/U/per_page.php?id=1009636

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I1802&tree=PagetHeraldicBaronag

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I33771&tree=Welsh

http://www.mathematical.com/marshallwilliam1144.html

http://www.medievalgenealogy.org.uk/families/marshal/williammarshal.shtml

http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/printable/18126

http://www.thepeerage.com/p64.htm#i633

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Citations / Sources:

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 126. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume X, page 358.

[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 682. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume X, page 364.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 22.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 127.

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 53. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.

[S37] Charles Mosley, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.


"Sir William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke (1147 – 14 May 1219), also called William the Marshal (Norman French: Williame le Mareschal), was an English (or Anglo-Norman) soldier and statesman.

He was described as the "greatest knight that ever lived" by Stephen Langton.[citation needed] He served four kings — Henry II, Richard the Lionheart, John, and Henry III - and rose from obscurity to become a regent of England for the last of the four, and so one of the most powerful men in Europe. Before him, the hereditary title of "Marshal" designated head of household security for the king of England; by the time he died, people throughout Europe (not just England) referred to him simply as "the Marshal". He received the title of "1st Earl of Pembroke" through marriage during the second creation of the Pembroke Earldom. He is perhaps the most studied and therefore most famous of the Pembroke Earls in modern popular culture"


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Marshal,_1st_Earl_of_Pembroke
D: I07188 Name: William 'the Elder' Marshal Sex: M Birth: ABT 1146 in 4th Earl of Pembroke Death: 16 MAR 1218/19 in Caversham, Berkshire, England Reference Number: 7188 Note: William Marshal, 4th Earl of Pembroke was born in 1146. He was the son of John Marshal.1 He married Isabella de Clare, Countess Strigoil, daughter of Richard FitzGilbert de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke and Aoife MacMurrough, in August 1189 in London, England. He died on 14 May 1219 in Caversham, Berkshire, England. William Marshal, 4th Earl of Pembroke gained the title of 4th Earl of Pembroke.2

Children of William Marshal, 4th Earl of Pembroke and Isabella de Clare, Countess Strigoil Eva Marshal+ William Marshal, 5th Earl of Pembroke b. c 1190, d. 24 Apr 1231 Matilda Marshal+ b. b 1197, d. c 7 Apr 12482 Lady Isabella Marshal+ b. 9 Oct 1200, d. 17 Jan 1240 Citations

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 126. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage. [S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 53. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.

William "the Elder" Marshall, 4th Earl of Pembroke also went by the name of William "the Protector." He was born circa 1146 in Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales.2 He was the son of Marshal John fitz Gilbert and Sibyl de Salisbury.2,3 He married Isabel, suo jure Countess of Pembroke, daughter of Richard "Strongbow" fitz Gilbert, Earl of Pembroke and Buckingham and Eva MacMurrough, in August 1189 in London, Middlesex, England.2,3 He succeeded to the title of earl of Pembroke in right of Elizabeth, his wife, daughter of Richard de Clare second earl of Pembroke in 1199.4 3rd Earl of Pembroke between 1199 and 1215.4 Lord Marshal of Ireland between 1207 and 14 May 1219.5 Lord of Leinster in Ireland, between 1207 and 14 May 1219.5 He was was present in support of King John at the signing of the Magna Carta in 1215. Regent of the Kingdom between 1216 and 1219.2 He was was appointed, on King John's death, the guardian of young King Henry. As such William Marshall, the new protector and Regent of England, recruited and reinforced the already powerful royal Anglo/Norman army, with mercenaries and friendly Anglo/Norman barons, He planned to rid England of the Dauphin and all these ambitious French undesirables. Bear in mind, they were French, not Norman as he was. Nominally a lawyer, he soon learned the military skills. Marshall ran a vigorous campaign against Prince Louis, the self-proclaimed King of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland, and his French army who were still occupying London with our 'heroes', the traitorous Magna Carta Barons, now the vassals of the Dauphin and the King of France. Annals of Monte Fernando 1219: "Ob. Willelmus Maresscallus senior."6 He died on 16 March 1219 in Caversham Manor, England.5 He died on 14 May 1219 in Caversham.2 William "the Elder" Marshall, 4th Earl of Pembroke was buried in Temple Church, London, England.7,2

Children of William "the Elder" Marshall, 4th Earl of Pembroke and Isabel, suo jure Countess of Pembroke: William Marshall, 5th Earl of Pembroke b. c 1190, d. 6 Apr 1231 Maud, Countess of Norfolk+ b. c 1192, d. 27 Mar 1248 Gilbert Marshall b. c 1195, d. 1241 Isabella Marshall+ b. 9 Oct 1200, d. 15 Jan 1240 Sibyl Marshall+ b. c 1202, d. b 1238 Joan Marshall+ b. 1204? Eva Marshall+ b. 1206, d. 27 Apr 1245

[S206] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr. and assisted by David Faris Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America before 1700 (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1992), 127-30. Hereinafter cited as Weis: AR 7th ed.. [S206] With additions and corrections by Walter Lee Sheppard, Jr. and assisted by David Faris Frederick Lewis Weis, Weis: AR 7th ed., Line 66.27. [S215] Revised by others later George Edward Cokayne The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant, I-XIII (in 6) (Thrupp, Stroud, Gloucestershire, GL5 2BU: Sutton Publishing Limited, 2000), X:358. Hereinafter cited as CP. [S217] Transcribed by Colin Hinson, The English Peerage (to 1790) or, a view of the Ancient and Present State of the English Nobility (genuki: UK & Ireland Genealogical Information Service, 1790). Hereinafter cited as English Peerage (to 1790). [S603] C.B., LL.D., Ulster King of Arms Sir Bernard Burke, compiler, A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire (Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1996), pg. 628. Hereinafter cited as B:xP. [S1105] Margaret Lantry, compiler, Annales de Monte Fernandi (Cork College Road, Cork, Ireland: Corpus of Electronic Texts: a project of University College, 1998), MF1219.1. Hereinafter cited as AMF. [S642] Braose Family Web, online http://freespace.virgin.net/doug.thompson/BraoseWeb/. Hereinafter cited as Braose Family Web.

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