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1820 Settlers - Charles Campbell's Party

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  • Charlotte Francis Camm (1808 - 1859)
    1820 British Settler Charlotte Francis Lucas 12, together with her parents and 2 siblings, were members of Charles Campbell's Party of 50 Settlers, 16 of whom plus Individual Private Settlers saile...
  • Frederick Lucas (1803 - 1873)
    1820 British Settler Frederick Lucas 17, together with his parents and 2 siblings, were members of Charles Campbell's Party of 50 Settlers, 16 of whom plus Individual Private Settlers sailed on the D...
  • Isabella Lucas (1780 - d.)
    1820 British Settler Isabella Phillips 30, together with her husband Philip Lucas 44, and their 3 children, were members of Charles Campbell's Party of 50 Settlers, 16 of whom plus Individual Private...
  • Philip William Lucas, Jnr (1801 - 1892)
    1820 British Settler Philip William Lucas 19, together with his parents and 2 siblings, were members of Charles Campbell's Party of 50 Settlers, 16 of whom plus Individual Private Settlers sailed on ...
  • Philip Lucas, Snr, SV/PROG (1776 - 1850)
    1820 British Settler Philip Lucas 44, together with his wife Isabella Phillips 30, and their 3 children, were members of Charles Campbell's Party of 50 Settlers, 16 of whom plus Individual Private Se...

Charles Campbell's Party

Main reference The Settler Handbook by MD Nash

Additional information from South African Settlers

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General Charles Campbell arranged with 47 persons, mainly in Argyll, for their emigration. A division of 13 of these, led by Cypress Messer, sailed in '"Mary Ann Sophia"'. They were located on an arm of the Kasouga River, the location being named Barville Park.

They were followed by 17 others in "Dowson".

General Campbell brought a further 18 in '"Salisbury"' in 1821.

Charles Campbell's Party

Party Details

  • Leader Gen. Charles Campbell
  • Number 50
  • Party originated from Argyll, Scotland
  • Area Allocated to the Party Barville Park, at Rietfontein on the Kasouga River

1820 Settler Ship

Mary Ann Sophia

  • Dates
  • Departure London January 1820
  • Arrival Simon's Bay, Cape Town - 1st May 1820
  • Final Port - Algoa Bay, Port Elizabeth - 15 May 1920
  • Area Allocated to the Party Barville Park, at Rietfontein on the Kasouga River

1820 Settler Ship

Sir George Osborn

  • Dates
  • Number Advance party of 7 men
  • Final Port Algoa Bay
  • Arrival July 1820

1820 Settler Ship

Dowson

  • Dates
  • Departed London June 1820
  • Number 16 of Charles Campbell's men plus Individual Private Settlers
  • Area Allocated to the Party Barville Park, at Rietfontein on the Kasouga River

1820 Settler Ship

Salisbury

  • Dates
  • Departure The Downs, Deal, Kent, England, 14 Aug 1821
  • Number 20 of Charles Campbell's plus Individual Private Settlers
  • Arrival Table Bay, Cape Town - 8 December 1821
  • Final Port Algoa Bay, Port Elizabeth - 15 January 1822
  • Area Allocated to the Party Barville Park, at Rietfontein on the Kasouga River

Charles Campbell died shortly after arrival and Cypress Messer took charge. The party had dispersed by 1825 and the location was granted to Mary, widow of General Campbell.

There is a letter from Charles Campbell Junior written in 1827, in which the death of his father is mentioned - My Father (Major General Charles CAMPBELL) died at the Cape about 4 years since...

M.D. Nash 1987 - Settler Handbook

"Directed by Major-General Charles Collins Campbell of 3 Durham Place, Lambeth (now part of Greater London), a former Commander of the Forces in Newfoundland. General Campbell had nine children from his second marriage and a young family by his third wife, whom he had married in Newfoundland in 1816.

After initially proposing that he should emigrate at the head of a volunteer regiment of infantry, to guard the settlers against 'the hostile irruptions of the natives', General Campbell undertook to take 100 families to the Cape at his own expense. He agreed to pay all the costs of transporting and locating his settlers, and was to receive no assistance from government other than a grant of land in the proportion of 100 acres for every able-bodied man. This party fell outside the terms of the emigration scheme, but an extensive area of land was reserved for it within the Albany settlement.

An advance party of seven men, with Campbell's bailiff Cypress Messer in charge, sailed for the Cape in the Mary Ann Sophia in January 1820 and was sent on to Algoa Bay in the Sir George Osborn. Their instructions were to build a house for the General and begin cultivation. They were followed in June by a second small aprty, which included at least one of General Campbell's sons, in the Dowson. General Campbell himself, with his wife and younger children and a final contingent of seven settlers, left the Downs on 14 August 1821 in the Salisbury, which arrived in Table Bay on 8 December.

The party was located on a 10 000-acre estate at Rietfontein, on an arm of the Kasouga River. The location was named Barville Park. General Campbell died in May 1822, and since the promised large number of settlers had not materialised, a portion only of the location was granted to his widow".

Members of Charles Campbell's Party

[Bold links are to Geni profiles; other links are to other biographical notes]

By the Mary Ann Sophia :

  • William Anderson. Labourer.
  • Cypress Messer 60. Shipwright (General Campbell's agent).
  • William Philipson. Mason.
  • Henry Sharp.
  • Thomas Stanborough.
  • John Talbot.
  • William Wead.

By the Dowson:

Children :


  • Ely Mills 25.
  • William Power.
  • Henry Scott.
  • Thomas Ungell.
  • Charles Lucas 32. wife Elizabeth.
  • E Morse Jones lists Charles Lucas, aged 32, and his wife Elizabeth as members of the party. Their names are not on the Colonial Department list.

By the Salisbury:

Children


  • Thomas Field.
  • Thomas Norris.
  • Robert Wybrow or Whybone.
  • William Wybrow or Whybone..

This agrees with the list of passengers by the Salisbury: as given in the Cape Town Gazette of 15 December 1821. The Colonial Department's list omits Aigton and includes William Cumming. Neither list specifies the names of General Campbell's children who accompanied their parents, and it has been assumed that all the younger children did so.

Main sources for party list

Letters of Major-General Campbell to the Colonial Department (Public Record Office, London, CO 48/42); Letters from the Colonial Department to the Acting Governor (Cape Archives 1/AY 8/5); Inventory of Major-General Campbell's estate (Cape Archives MOOC 8/37 no 47).

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