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American slave owners

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Profiles

  • Jean-Gabriel Cerré (1734 - 1805)
    Birth: May 22, 1734 Death: Apr. 4, 1805 Gabriel Cerre, one of the most powerful and successful merchants and fur traders in Kaskaskia, IL, moved to St. Louis around 1778, in part to escape the lawles...
  • Pierre Chouteau, River Baron (1758 - 1849)
    Pierre Chouteau was the son of Madame Chouteau and Pierre de Laclede Linguest. Along with his brother Auguste, Pierre helped to initiate the fur trade in the St. Louis region. He also made important co...
  • Peter Blow (1777 - 1832)
    In the late 1790s, Dred Scott, famous slave was born into slavery in Southampton County, Virginia, as property to the Peter Blow family. From Dred Scott was born to slave parents in Virginia some...
  • Dr John Emerson (c.1803 - 1843)
    Owner of Dred Scott. Left Scott and his family as well as the rest of his estate to his wife, Irene. Had a daughter. Dr. John Emerson (died 1843), was an owner of the slave Dred Scott, famous slave...
  • Abia Clay (1746 - 1791)
    "HISTORICAL REGISTER OF OFFICERS OF CONTINENTAL ARMY" AP 1775-Dec.1783, F.B. Heistman, Washington, D.C. 1941 - Clay, Abijah (Abia) Va., 1st Lt., 6th Virginia 26, Feb., 1776 STATE OF GEORGIA, RICHMO...

American slave owners or slaveholders were owners of slaves in the United States which typically worked either as agriculture laborers or house servants. The practice was common until its abolition in 1865 with the end of the Civil War and the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution.

For the time being, we are using this as the Slavery Plantation umbrella or portal.

List of notable slave owners

For a complete list, please see: American slave owners Project Profiles.

List of the largest American slave owners

The list below is compiled from the 1860 United States Slave Census Schedule.

  1. Col. Joshua John Ward of Georgetown, South Carolina: 1,130 slaves.
  2. Dr. Stephen Duncan of Issaquena, Mississippi: 858 slaves.
  3. John Burneside of Ascension, Louisiana: 753 slaves; Saint James: 187 slaves. Sugar plantations.
  4. Meredith Calhoun of Rapides, Louisiana: 709 slaves. Sugar and cotton plantations.
  5. William Aiken of Colleton, South Carolina: 700 slaves.
  6. Gov. John L. Manning of Ascension, Louisiana: 670 slaves. Sugar.
  7. Col. Joseph A. S. Acklen of West Feliciana, Louisiana: 659 slaves. 6 cotton plantations.
  8. Gov. Robert Francis Withers Allston of Georgetown, South Carolina: 631 slaves.
  9. Joseph Blake of Beaufort, South Carolina: 575 slaves.
  10. John Robinson of Madison, Mississippi: 550 slaves.
  11. Jerrett Brown of Sumter, Alabama: 540 slaves.
  12. Arthur Blake of Charleston, South Carolina: 538 slaves.
  13. John J. Middleton of Beaufort, South Carolina: 530 slaves.
  14. Elisha Worthington of Chicot, Arkansas: 529 slaves.
  15. Daniel Blake of Colleton, South Carolina: 527 slaves.
  16. J. C. Jenkins of Wilkinson, Mississippi: 523 slaves.
  17. J. Harleston Read of Georgetown, South Carolina: 511 slaves.
  18. John Butler of McIntosh, Georgia: 505 slaves.
  19. Charles Heyward of Colleton, South Carolina: 491 slaves.
  20. Alfred V. Davis, Concordia, Louisiana: 500+ slaves. 4 Cotton plantations.
  21. O. J. Morgan, Carroll, Louisiana: 500+ slaves. 4 Cotton plantations.
  22. Levin R. Marshall, Concordia (2), Louisiana: 248 slaves. Madison (1), 236 slaves. Cotton.
  23. D. F. Kenner, Ascension, Louisiana: 473 slaves. Sugar.
  24. R. R. Barrow, Lafourche, Louisiana: 74 slaves; Terrebonne: 399 slaves. Sugar.
  25. Mrs. Mary C. Stirling/Sterling, Pointe Coupee (2), Louisiana: 338 slaves. Sugar. West Feliciana: 127 slaves. Cotton.

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