July 1-3, 1863
The 150th anniversary of the battle is only weeks away!
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This project is devoted to all soldiers of every rank who fought at the Battle of Gettysburg, and to the families of those soldiers.
This project is less about the conflict than it is about the people who engaged in it.
That having been said, some historians call this battle the turning point of the Civil War.
Others say the turning point of the war was when General Grant became commander and chief of all Union forces. On the 4th of May 1864, General Grant opened his campaign against General Lee. He later wrote in his official report in July, 1865:
From the first I was firm in the conviction that no peace could be had that would be stable and conducive to the happiness of the people, both North and South, until the military power of the rebellion was entirely broken. I therefore determined, first, to use the greatest number of troops practicable against the armed force of the enemy, preventing him from using the same force at different seasons against first one and then another of our armies, and the possibility of repose for refitting and producing necessary supplies for carrying on resistance; second, to HAMMER continuously against the armed force of the enemy and his resources, until by mere attrition, if no other way, there should be nothing left to him but an equal submission with the loyal section of our common country to the Constitution and laws of the land.
Lt. General U. S. Grant
Source: General Lee his Campaigns in Virginia by Walter H. Taylor, page 232
After two years of fighting, the war was practically at a standstill. In May of 1863, two months before Gettysburg, Confederate General Robert E. Lee defeated the Army of the Potomac at the Battle of Chancellorsville. Morale in the Union army and throughout the Union reached a new low because the number of Union soldiers who had fought at Chancellorsville was more than double the opposing number of Confederates.
Bolstered by his recent string of victories, General Lee convinced the Confederate war cabinet under Lincoln to sue for peace, and end the war.
Lee wanted to penetrate Pennsylvania more deeply than Gettysburg before opposing a mass of enemy troops, but this is where Union forces mounted their challenge to the Confederates. By fielding about 100,000 soldiers, the Army of the Potomac outnumbered the Army of Northern Virginia's 70,000 by almost two to one.
The number killed on both sides was about the same — 23,049 killed, wounded and missing for the Union, 20,451 for the CSA. The total number who died — 43,490 — was the greatest number of casualties in any battle in this war, during which at least 618,000 died — 360,000 Union and 258,000 Confederate soldiers. These totals do not include the many men who died from their wounds following the war. Among those were Union General Joshua Chamberlain (awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions at Gettysburg), whose death in 1914 was directly attributable to his war wounds. It is estimated that another 40,000 to 60, 000 deaths can be added the total.
Because Union forces suffered a greater number of casualties at Gettysburg, some have argued that this was a win for the South, or at least a draw; but with General Lee's troops' subsequent withdrawal from northern territory the South's momentum was lost. Lee refused to pillage and burn property. Supplies running low The Army of Northern Virginia returned home.
President Lincoln was dismayed that General George Meade, commander of federal troops at Gettysburg, failed to prevent the Army of Northern Virginia's escape from Pennsylvania. On the other hand, Lincoln was so pleased with General Grant's success in capturing Vicksburg that Lincoln Promoted Grant to Lt. General and command of all Union forces. The Army of the Potomac remained under the direct command Major General Meade under the watchful eye and direction of Lt. General U.S. Grant, until the end of the war. It is said the General Grant shared his Headquarters tent with General Mead.
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The principal military units at the Battle of Gettysburg, and the officers who commanded them
The first officer named in each unit is the one who led that unit at the beginning of the battle. Additional officers are named if the original officer was replaced, which usually occurred because he was reassigned or incapacitated:
w = wounded
mw = mortally wounded
k = killed
c = captured
Soldiers: 93,386 / Losses: 23,054
Commander: Major-General George G. Meade (1815-1872)
- Chief of Staff: Brig.-Gen. Daniel A. Butterfield (1831-1901)
- Assistant Adjutant General: Brig.-Gen. Seth Williams (1822-1866)
- Assistant Inspector General: Col. Edmund Schriver
- Chief Quartermaster: Brig.-Gen. Rufus Ingalls (1818-1893)
- Commissaries and subsistence: Col. Henry F. Clarke
- Chief of Artillery: Brig.-Gen. Henry Jackson Hunt (September 14, 1819, Detroit, MI - February 11, 1889, Washington, DC; son of Samuel Wellington Hunt; nephew of Henry Jackson Hunt, second mayor of Detroit)
- Chief Ordnance Officer: Capt. Daniel W. Flagler
- Chief Signal Officer: Capt. Lemuel B. Norton
- Medical Director: Maj. Jonathan Letterman (December 11, 1824, Canonsburg, PA - March 15, 1872; brother of William Henry Letterman; married Mary Digges Letterman [Lee]), known as the "Father of Battlefield Medicine"
- Chief of Engineers: Lieut. Ranald S. Mackenzie w (1840-1889).
- Bureau of Military Information: Col. George Henry Sharpe (February 26, 1828, Kingston, NY - January 13, 1900, NYC; married Caroline Hasbrouck, daughter of Abraham Bruyn Hasbrouck; children: Severyn Bruyn Sharpe, Henry G. Sharpe, and Katherine Lawrence Sharpe who married Ira Davenport). See the Geni project Spies for links to the profiles of spies for each army.
Command of the Provost Marshal General: Brig.-Gen. Marsena Rudolph Patrick (1811-1888)
- 93rd New York: Col. John S. Crocker
- 8th United States (8 companies): Capt. Edwin W. H. Read
- 2nd Pennsylvania Cavalry: Col. R. Butler Price
- 6th Pennsylvania Cavalry (Companies E&I): Capt. James Starr
- Regular cavalry
Guards and Orderlies:
- Oneida (New York) Cavalry: Capt. Daniel P. Mann
Engineer Brigade: Brig.-Gen. Henry Washington Benham (1813-1884)
- 15th New York (3 companies): Maj. Walter L. Cassin
- 50th New York: Col. William H. Pettes
- U.S. Battalion: Capt. George H. Mendell
All Union soldiers engaged at Gettysburg were members of the Army of the Potomac, but another unit called the Department of the Susquehanna, created just before the battle, was positioned a few miles to the northeast, expected to keep Lee's army from crossing the Susquehanna River. This army's commander was Maj.-Gen. Darius N. Couch.
Soldiers: 12,220 / Losses: 6059
Maj.-Gen. John Newton (1822-1895)
I Corps 1st Div
3857 / 2155
Brig.-Gen. James S. Wadsworth (1807-1864)
I Corps 2nd Div
2995 / 1660
Brig.-Gen. John C. Robinson (1817-1897)
- 1st Bde. (1536 / 1026), Brig.-Gen. Gabriel René Paul w (1813-1886), Col. Samuel H. Leonard w (c.1825-), Col. Adrian R. Root w/c, Col. Richard Coulter w (1827, Greensburg, Westmoreland County, PA -1908; son of Eli Coulter Jr. [1791-1830] and Rebecca Alexander; married Emmy Welty [1841-1929], six children: Richard Coulter Jr. [1870-1955], Rebecca, Henry, Alexander, William, and Margaret), Col. Peter Lyle (d. 1879)
- 2nd Bde. (1451 / 663), Col James L. Bates w
I Corps 3rd Div
4701 / 2103
- 1st Bde (1361 / 898), Maj. Alexander Biddle
- 2nd Bde “Bucktails” (1317 / 853), Col. Roy Stone w (1836-1905). Lt.-Col. Henry Huidekoper was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions in leading the 150th PA Reg.
- 3rd Bde “Paper Collar Brigade” (1950 / 351), Brig.-Gen. George J. Stannard w (1820-1886), Col. Francis Voltaire Randall (Feb. 13, 1824, Braintree, VT - Mar. 1, 1885; son of Gurdon and Laura S. Randall [Warner]; son Francis V. Randall, Jr. [1851-1924; enlisted on 1 Jan., 1863, at the age of nine years and nine months])
I Corps Artillery Brigade
596 / 106 Lieut. Greenleaf T. Stevens
Soldiers: 11,326 / Losses:4369
Brig.-Gen. John Gibbon w (1827-1898), Brig.-Gen. William Hays (May 9, 1819, Richmond, VA - February 7, 1875, Boston, MA)
Staff: Captain and Judge-Advocate Henry H. Bingham
Escort: 6th New York Cavalry, Companies D and K, Capt. Riley Johnson. 53rd Pennsylvania, Companies A, B and K, Maj. Octavus Bull
II Corps 1st Div
3320 / 1275
Brig.-Gen. John C. Caldwell (1833-1912)
- 1st Bde. (853 / 330), Col. Edward E. Cross mw (April 22, 1832, Lancaster, NH - July 3, 1863), Col. William Colvill, Jr. w, Capt. Nathan S. Messick k, Capt. Henry C. Coates
- 2nd Bde, or “Irish Brigade” (532 / 198), Col. Patrick Kelly (c.1822, Castlehacket, Tuam, County Galway, Ireland - June 14, 1864; buried First Cavalry Cem., Woodside, NY). 116th Pennsylvania, Maj. St. Clair A. Mulholland.
- 3rd Bde. (975 / 358), Brig.-Gen. Samuel K. Zook k (1821-1863), Lt.-Col. Charles G. Freudenberg w, Col Richard P. Roberts k, Lt.-Col. John Fraser
- 4th Bde. (851 / 389), Col. John R. Brooke w (1838-1926)
II Corps 2nd Div
3588 / 1647
Brig.-Gen. John F. Gibbon w (1827-1898), Brig.-Gen. William Harrow (November 14, 1822, Winchester, KY - September 27, 1872, New Albany, IN; married Juliette James, whose father was Enoch R. James; daughter Esther)
- 1st Bde. (1346 / 768), Brig.-Gen. William Harrow, Col. Francis Heath. 15th Massachusetts, Col. George H. Ward
- 2nd Bde. or “Philadelphia Brigade” (1224 / 491), Brig.-Gen. Alexander Webb w (1835-1911) awarded the Medal of Honor for "distinguished personal gallantry in leading his men forward at a critical period in the contest," defending against Pickett's Charge, and repulsing the assault of Brig. Gen. Lewis Armistead's brigade.
- 3rd Bde. (922 / 377), Corp. Joseph H. De Castro (1844-1892), was the first Latino-American to be awarded the Medal of Honor, for having distinguished himself during Pickett's Charge.
II Corps 3rd Div
3643 / 1291
Brig.-Gen. Alexander Hays (1819-1864)
II Corps Artillery Bde
(605 / 149), Capt. John C. Hazard. 4th US, Battery A, Lt. Alonzo H. Cushing k, Lt. Samuel Canby w, Lt. Joseph S. Milne k, Sgt. Frederick Füger
Soldiers: 10,674 / Losses: 4211
Maj.-Gen. David B. Birney (1825-1864)
III Corps 1st Div
5094 / 2011
Maj.-Gen. David B. Birney (1825-1864), Brig.-Gen. J.H. Hobart Ward
- 1st Bde. (1516 / 740), Brig.-Gen. Charles K. Graham w/c, Col. Andrew Tippin
- 2nd Bde. (2186 / 781), Brig.-Gen. J.H. (John Henry) Hobart Ward (1823-1903, father was James Ward, grandfather was John Ward), Col. John Wheeler k, Lt-.Col. William C. L. Taylor.
- 3rd Bde. (1388 / 490), Col. P. Regis Trobriand
III Corps 2nd Div
4924 / 2092
Brig.-Gen. Andrew A. Humphreys (1810-1883)
- 1st Bde. (1718 / 790), Brig.-Gen. Joseph B. Carr (1828-1895)
- 2nd Bde. or “Excelsior Brigade” (1837 / 778), Col. William R. Brewster (1828-1869)
- 3rd Bde. or “New Jersey Brigade” (1365 / 513), Col. George C. [Childs] Burling (1834, Burlington County, NJ - 1885, Philadelphia, PA)
- III Corps Artillery Bde. (596 / 106), Capt. George E. Randolph, Capt. A. [Adoniram] Judson Clark (died July 24, 1913, buried in Evergreen Cemetery, Hillside, NJ)
Soldiers: 10,926 / Losses: 2186
Maj.-Gen. George Sykes (1822-1880)
Assistant Surgeon, 2nd-Lieut. John Shaw Billings (1838 - 1913)
V Corps 1st Div
3418 / 904
Brig.-Gen. James Barnes w (1801, Boston, MA - 1869, Springfield, MA)
- 1st Bde. (655 / 125), Col. William S. Tilton (1828, Newburyport, , MA - 1889, Newtonville, MA, buried Mount Auburn Cemetery Cambridge, MA)
- 3rd Bde. (1336 / 352), Col. Joshua L. Chamberlain w, awarded the Medal of Honor because he "saved the day if not the battle. He almost single handedly repelled J. B. Hood's division first, then McLaws', brigades of Anderson's division of the Third Corps." Chamberlain's defense of a hill named Little Round Top has been the focus of many publications, including the 1993 film Gettysburg. Lt. Holman Melcher commanded a company of the 20th ME, which lead the famous bayonet charge down Little Round Top.
V Corps 2nd Div
4020 / 1029
Brig.-Gen. Romeyn B. Ayres (1825-1888)
V Corps 3rd Div
2862 / 210
Brig.-Gen. Samuel W. Crawford (1829, Franklin County, PA - 1892, Philadelphia, PA)
- 1st Bde. (1248 / 155), Col. William McCandless (1834, Philadelphia, PA - 1884)
- 3rd Bde. (1609 / 55), Col. Joseph W. Fisher (1814, Northumberland County, PA - 1900, Cheyenne, WY). Commanding 12th PA Res. (41st PA) Reg. was Col. Martin D. Hardin.
- V Corps Artillery Res. (432 / 43), Capt. Augustus P. Martin (1835-1902)
Soldiers: 14,074 / Losses: 242)
Maj.-Gen. John Sedgwick (1813-1864)
VI Corps, 1st Div
4378 / 18
Brig.-Gen. Horatio G. Wright (1820-1899)
VI Corps 2nd Div
3731 / 16
Brig.-Gen. Albion P. Howe (1818-1897)
VI Corps 3rd Div
4929 / 196
Maj.-Gen. John Newton (1822-1895), Brig.-Gen. Frank Wheaton (1833-1903)
Soldiers: 9342 / Losses: 3807
Maj.-Gen. Oliver Otis Howard (1830-1909)
XI Corps 1st Div
2481 / 1306
Brig.-Gen. Adelbert Ames (1835-1932)
- 1st Bde. (1140 / 527), Col. Leopold von Gilsa (b. Germany - 1870, New York, NY, buried Green-Wood Cemetery Brooklyn, Brooklyn)
- 2nd Bde. (1337 / 778), Brig.-Gen. Adelbert Ames, Col. Andrew L. Harris, Capt. George B. Fox.
XI Corps 2nd Div
2903 / 952
Brig.-Gen. Adolph W. A. F. von Steinwehr
- 1st Bde. (1220 / 597), Col. Charles L. Coster (1837-1888)
- 2nd Bde. (1645 / 348), Col. Orland Smith. Commanding 33rd MA Reg. was Col. Adin B. Underwood. Musician Richard Enderlin earned the Medal of Honor while serving in the 73d OH reg., for "voluntarily and at his own imminent peril [having gone] into the enemy's lines at night and, under a sharp fire, rescued a wounded comrade."
XI Corps 3rd Div
3117 / 1476
- 1st Bde. (1636 / 807), Brig.-Gen. Alexander Schimmelfennig (1824, Bromberg, Prussia - 1865, Wernersville, PA, buried in Reading, PA), Col. George von Amsberg, Brig.-Gen. Alexander Schimmelfennig
- 2nd Bde. (1425 / 669), Capt. Wladimir Kryzanowski. 82nd Ohio, Antonius J. Berlage w (1826-1903)
- XIth Corps Artillery Res. (604 / 69), Maj. Thomas W. Osborn
Soldiers: 9788 / Losses: 1082
Brig.-Gen. Alpheus S. Williams (1810-1878)
XII Corps 1st Div
5256 / 533
Brig.-Gen. Thomas H. Ruger (1833-1907)
XIIth Corps 2nd Div
3964 / 540
Brig.-Gen. John White Geary (1819-1873)
- 1st Bde. (1798 / 139), Col. Charles Candy (1832-1910)
- 2nd Bde. or “Bucktail Brigade” (700 / 98), Col. George A. [Ashworth] Cobham, Jr. (December 5, 1825, Liverpool, England – July 20, 1864; married Annie Page of Warren, PA about 1858, and had one son, Frederick P. Cobham, born 1859), Brig.-Gen. Thomas Leiper Kane (1822-1883), Col. George L. Cobham
- 3rd Bde. (1424 / 303), Brig.-Gen. George S. Greene (1801-1899)
- XII Corps Army Artillery Reserve Bde. (391 / 9), Lt. Edward D. [Duchman] Muhlenberg (May 15, 1831, Lancaster, PA – March 10, 1883, Lancaster; never married)
Cavalry Corps & Union Horse Artillery
Soldiers: 11,331 / Losses: 852
Maj.-Gen. Alfred Pleasonton (1824-1897)
- 1st Bde. (495 / 8), James M. [Madison] Robertson (b. NH - d. January 21, 1891)
- 2nd Bde. (276 / 15), Capt. John C. Tidball (1825-1906)
Cav. Corps 1st Div
4069 / 418
Maj.-Gen. John Buford (1828-1863)
- 1st Bde. (1600 / 99), Col. William Gamble (January 1, 1818 in the parish of Duross, 4 miles from Enniskillen, County Fermanagh [Warner says County Tyrone], Ireland, emigrating to the United States about 1838 - December 20, 1866, Nicaragua, of yellow fever; the eldest of four brothers, his only sister dying young; married Sophia Steinwandt [May 6, 1841], whose father was George C.F. Steinwandt; Gamble's son George, one of 13 (or perhaps 15) children, died in the collapse of the Brunswick Hotel during the great San Francisco earthquake of 1906). It included the 8th IL Reg.
- 2nd Bde. (1148 / 28), Col. Thomas C. Devin. 9th New York, Col. William Sackett.
- Res. Bde. (1317 / 291), Brig.-Gen. Wesley Merritt
Cavalry Corps 2nd Div
2614 / 56
Brig.-Gen. David McMurtrie Gregg (1833, Huntingdon, PA - 1916, Reading, PA; husband of Ellen F. Sheaff [m. October 6, 1862]; first cousin of PA Gov. Andrew Curtin [1817-1894]; grandson of PA Congressman Andrew Gregg)
- 1st Bde. (1311 / 35), Col. John Baillie McIntosh (1829-1888; brother of Gen. James M. McIntosh, CSA)
- 2nd Bde. (1436 / 0), Col. Pennock Huey (1828, Chester Co., PA - 1903, PA; buried St. Luke’s Episcopal Churchyard, Philadelphia; son of Jacob Huey and Sarah (Davis) Huey of Kennett Square, PA; married [2nd] Elizabeth Waln Wistar, daughter of Joseph Wistar and Sarah Comfort [a cousin was Brig.-Gen. Isaac Wistar]; great-grandfather of J. Wistar "Pete" Huey III at firstname.lastname@example.org)
- 3rd Bde. (1263 / 21), Col. J. Irvin Gregg (1826-1892)
Cavalry Corps 3rd Div
3852 / 355
Brig.-Gen. Hugh Judson "Kill Cavalry" Kilpatrick (1836-1881; newsman Anderson Cooper is his great-great-grandson)
Army of the Potomac Artillery Reserve
Soldiers: 2376 / Losses: 242
Brig.-Gen. Henry Jackson Hunt (1819-1889)
- 1st Regular Art. Bat. (445 / 68), Capt. Dunbar R. Ransom w (1831-1897)
- 1st Vol. Art. Bat. (385 / 93), Lt.-Col. Freeman McGilvery
- 2nd Vol. Art. Bat. (241 / 8), Capt. Elijah D. Taft
- 3rd Vol. Art. Bat. (431 / 37), Capt. James F. Huntington (later Brevet Major, in 1897 wrote "The Battle of Chancellorsville," published in Campaigns in Virginia, Maryland and Pennsylvania, 1862-1863, published 1903). 1st PA Light, Batteries F and G, Capt. R. Bruce Ricketts.
- 4th Vol. Art. Bat. (499 / 36), Capt. Robert H. Fitzhugh (married Maria Carroll, fathered Daniel Carroll Fitzhugh, who married his first cousin Maria A. Fitzhugh)
- 6th Vol. Art. Bat. (held in reserve), Brig.-Gen. William H. Morris (1826-1900).
The Confederate States of America's Army of Northern Virginia (CSA)
Soldiers: 71,699 / Losses: 23,231 Commander: General Robert E. Lee (1807-1870)
- Chief of Staff and Inspector General, Col. Robert H. Chilton
- Chief of Artillery, Brig.-Gen. William N. Pendleton
- Medical Director, Dr. Lafayette Guild
- Chief of Ordnance, Lt.-Col. Briscoe G. Baldwin
- Chief of Commissary, Lt.-Col. Robert G. Cole
- Chief Quartermaster, Lt.-Col. James L. Corley
- Judge Advocate General, Maj. Henry E. Young
- Military Secretary and Acting Asst. Chief of Artillery, Col. Armistead L. Long
- Asst. Inspector General, Col. Henry L. Peyton
- Asst. Inspector General and Asst. Adjutant General, Maj. Henry E. Young
- Asst. Inspector General and Asst. Adjutant General, Maj. Giles B. Cook
- Aide de Camp and Asst. Adjutant General, Maj. Walter H. Taylor
- Aide de Camp and Asst. Military Secretary, Maj. Charles Marshall
- Aide de Camp and Asst. Inspector General, Maj. Charles S. Venable
- Aide de Camp, Maj. Thomas M. R. Talcott
- Aide de Camp, Lt. George W. Peterkin
- Engineer: Col. William P. Smith
- Engineer: Capt. Samuel R. Johnson
- Escort: 39th Virginia Cavalry Battalion (companies A & C)
1st Corps==Lt. General James Longstreet
Soldiers: 20,941 / Losses: 7665
soldiers: 7373 at the start / 2407 losses
Maj.-Gen. John B. Hood w, Brig.-Gen. Evander M. Law
- Texas Brigade, aka Robertson's Brigade (1734 / 603), 3rd Arkansas Inf.
- Law’s Brigade (1933 / 535), Col. William C. Oates, Capt. Blanton A. Hill.
- Benning’s Bde. (1420 / 519), Brig.-Gen. Henry L. Benning; one of Benning's regiments under the command of Col. Dudley Du Bose
- Anderson’s Bde. (1872 / 722), Maj. Henry D. McDaniel
- Henry’s Bde. (403 / 27), Maj. Mathias W. Henry
1st Corps McLaw’s Div
7160 / 2327
- Kershaw’s Bde. (2185 / 669), Lt.-Col. Elbert Bland w.
- Barksdale’s Bde. (1619 / 804), Brig.-Gen. William Barksdale mw, Col. Benjamin G. Humphreys
- Semmes’s Bde. (1335 / 432), Col. Goode Bryan (1811-1885)
- Wofford’s Bde. (1632 / 370), Brig.-Gen. William T. Wofford
- Cabell’s Bde. (378 / 52), Col. Henry C. Cabell
1st Corps Pickett’s Div
5474 / 2762
- Kemper’s Bde. (1634 / 703), Maj. Kirkwood Otey w, Capt. James R. Hutter w&c, Capt. John Holmes Smith w, Capt. Albert W. Douthat.
- Armistead’s Bde. (1950 / 1085), Brig.-Gen. Lewis A. Armistead mw/c, Col. William R. Aylett w
- Garnett’s Bde. (1459 / 948), Col. Eppa Hunton w.
- Dearing’s Bde. (420 / 25), Maj. James Dearing
- Alexander’s Bde. (576 / 139), Col. E. Porter Alexander, Maj. Frank Huger
- Washington (LA) Bat. (338 / 30), Maj. Benjamin F. Eshleman.
Soldiers: 20,597 / Losses: 6686
Lt.-Gen. Richard “Dick” Stoddard Ewell (1817-1872)
2nd Corps Early’s Div
5460 / 1530
- Hays’ Brigade or “Louisiana Tigers” (1295 / 334), Brig.-Gen. Harry Thompson Hays (1820-1876)
- Smith's Brigade (806 / 213), Brig.-Gen. William Smith (Sept. 6, 1797, Marengo, VA - May 18, 1887, Richmond, VA)
- Hoke's Brigade (aka Avery’s Bde.) (1244 / 434), Col. Archibald C. Godwin
- Gordon's Brigade (1813 / 537), Brig.-Gen. John B. Gordon
- Jones' Artillery Battalion (290 / 12), Lt.-Col. Hilary P. Jones, Capt. James McD. Carrington, Lt.-Col. Hilary P. Jones
- Cavalry, 35th VA Bat. ( / ), Capt. Elijah V. White
2nd Corps Johnson’s Div
6366 / 2005
Maj.-Gen. Edward Johnson
- Nicholls’ Brigade or “Louisiana Tigers” (1104 / 389), Col. Jesse M. [Milton] Williams (January 11, 1831 - May 12, 1864; attended the U. of Alabama and lived in Mansfield, LA), Brig.-Gen. Harry Thompson Hays (1820-1876)
- Steuart’s Brigade (2121 / 769), Brig.-Gen. George H. Steuart
- Stonewall Brigade (1323 / 338), Brig.-Gen. James A. Walker
- John Jones’ Brigade (1453 / 456), Maj. Robert D. Lilley
- Latimer’s Bde. (356 / 51), Maj. James W. Latimer mw, Capt. Charles I. Raine
2nd Corps Rodes’ Div
7981 / 3111
- Iverson’s Bde. (1384 / 903), Brig.-Gen. Alfred Iverson
- Daniel’s Bde. (2161 / 999), Lt. Willoughby Avery w.
- O’Neal’s Bde. (1688 / 678), Col. Edward A. O’Neal. 3rd Alabama, Col. James N. Lightfoot w.
- Doles’ Bde. (1322 / 219), Brig.-Gen. George Doles
- Ramseur’s Bde. (1027 / 275), Col. Bryan Grimes
- Carter’s Bde. (385 / 37), Lt.-Col. Thomas A. Carter
- 2nd Corps Art. Res. (648 / 33), Col. T. Thomas Brown
Soldiers: 21,948 / Losses: 8495
Lt.-Gen. Ambrose Powell “A. P.” Hill (1825-1865)
3rd Corps Heth’s Div
7458 / 3765
- 1st Bde. (2580 / 1619), 26th NC Reg. suffered 72% casualties out of 820 engaged.
- 2nd Bde. (972 / 214), Col. John M. Brockenbrough, Col. Robert M. Mayo
- 3rd Bde. (1197 / 684), Col. Birkett D. Fry w/c, Lt.-Col. Samuel G. Shepard
- 4th Bde. (2305 / 1225), Brig.-Gen. Joseph R. Davis
- Garnett’s Bde. (396 / 22), Lt.-Col. John J. Garnett
3rd Corps Pender’s Div
6603 / 2446
3rd Corps Anderson’s Div
7136 / 99
Maj.-Gen. Richard H. Anderson (1821-1879)
- Perry’s (FL) Bde. (742 / 455), Col. David Lang (1838-1917)
- Wilcox’s Bde. (1726 / 778), Brig.-Gen. Cadmus M. Wilcox (1824-1890)
- Mahone’s Bde. (1542 / 102), Brig.-Gen. William Mahone (1826-1895)
- Posey’s Bde. (1322 / 112), Pvt. Andrew J. Ray.
- Wright’s Bde. (1413 / 696), Brig.-Gen. Ambrose R. [Ransom] Wright (1826, Louisville, GA - 1872, Augusta, GA), Col. William Gibson w/c, Brig.-Gen. Ambrose R. Wright
- Lane’s Bde. (384 / 42), Maj. John Lane (? Was he the John W. Lane, 1835-1888, who enlisted as a 1st Sergeant in Browder's Company, 18th Regiment, Texas Volunteers, and was mayor of Dallas, Texas,1866, and later a TX state legislator and state senator?). It included 33rd NC, commanded by Col. Clark M. Avery and Maj. Joseph H. Saunders w&c.
3rd Corps Art. Res
736 / 99
Stuart's Cavalry Division
8105 / 380
Maj.-Gen. James Ewell Brown “Jeb” Stuart (1833-1864)
- Chambliss’ Bde. (1173 / 56), Col. John R. Chambliss
- Hampton’s Bde. (1751 / 112), Lt.-Col. Luther J. Glenn.
- Lee’s Bde. (1912 / 101), Brig.-Gen. Fitzhugh Lee (1835-1905, nephew of Gen. Robert E. Lee)
- Jenkins’ Bde. (1179 / 24), Brig.-Gen. Albert G. Jenkins (1830-1864) w, Col. James Cochran, Col. Milton Ferguson
- William Jones’ Bde. (1543 / 60), Brig.-Gen. William E. "Grumble" Jones (1824-1864)
- Beckham’s Bde. (527 / 27), Maj. Robert F. Beckham (1837, Culpeper, VA - 1864)
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Four months after the battle, Abraham Lincoln visited the battlefield to deliver his Gettysburg Address in dedicating the Soldiers' National Cemetery.
Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.
But, in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate — we cannot consecrate — we cannot hallow — this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us — that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion—that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain — that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom — and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.
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- Mark Adkin. (2008). The Gettysburg Companion: Complete Guide to America's Most Famous Battle. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books.
- Wikipedia's articles on the Union order of battle at Gettysburg and the Confederate order of battle at Gettysburg.
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