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Mexican–American War

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  • BGen Joseph Pannell Taylor (CSA) (1796 - 1864)
    JOSEPH PANNILL TAYLOR was a younger brother of President Zachary Taylor. Born on May 4, 1796, he joined the Army in the War of 1812, becoming a 1st Lieutenant in 1814 at the age of 18. Honorably disc...
  • Stanfield Pinkard McNeill (1827 - 1902)
    HON. S. P. McNEIL, farmer and stock-raiser, section 2, High Point Township, was born in Mason County, Kentucky, February 14, 1827, son of Dominie and Nancy (Pinkard) McNeil, the former a native of Ma...
  • Colonel Lloyd J. Beall (CSA) (1808 - 1887)
    Lloyd James Beall (October 19, 1808 – November 10, 1887) was a United States Army officer and paymaster. During the American Civil War, he served as a colonel and as Commandant of the Confeder...
  • Col. John Lucas Cantwell (CSA) (1828 - 1909)
    Mexican War, Civil War, and Spanish American War. Col of 51st NC, resigned. Became Captain of Company in the 3rd NC Infantry. Captured at "Bloody Angle" in battle of Spotsylvania Court House. Sent to p...
  • John Whiteaker, Governor (1820 - 1902)
    John Whiteaker (May 4, 1820 – October 2, 1902) was an American politician, soldier, and judge primarily in Oregon. A native of Indiana, he joined the Army during the Mexican-American War and t...

The Mexican–American War, also known as the First American Intervention, the Mexican War, or the U.S.–Mexican War, was an armed conflict between the United States and Mexico from 1846 to 1848 in the wake of the 1845 U.S. annexation of Texas, which Mexico considered part of its territory despite the 1836 Texas Revolution.

Combat operations lasted a year and a half, from spring 1846 to fall 1847. American forces quickly occupied New Mexico and California, then invaded parts of Northeastern Mexico and Northwest Mexico; meanwhile, the Pacific Squadron conducted a blockade, and took control of several garrisons on the Pacific coast further south in Baja California. After Mexico would still not agree to the cession of its northern territories, another American army captured Mexico City, and the war ended in victory of the U.S.

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo specified the major consequence of the war: the forced Mexican Cession of the territories of Alta California and New Mexico to the U.S. in exchange for $18 million. In addition, the United States forgave debt owed by the Mexican government to U.S. citizens. Mexico accepted the Rio Grande as its national border, and the loss of Texas.

American territorial expansion to the Pacific coast had been the goal of President James K. Polk, the leader of the Democratic Party. However, the war was highly controversial in the U.S., with the Whig Party and anti-slavery elements strongly opposed. Heavy American casualties and high monetary cost were also criticized. The political aftermath of the war raised the slavery issue in the U.S., leading to intense debates that pointed to civil war; the Compromise of 1850 provided a brief respite.

In Mexico, terminology for the war include (primera) intervención estadounidense en México (United States' (First) Intervention in Mexico), invasión estadounidense a México (The United States' Invasion of Mexico), and guerra del 47 (The War of 1847).

Notable peoples of the Mexican–American War

See: Mexican–American War Project Profiles.

External links