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Profiles

  • Philip Hone (1780 - 1851)
    Philip Hone was Mayor of New York City from 1825 to 1826. He was most notable for a detailed diary he kept from 1828 until the time of his death in 1851. His recorded diary is said to be the most exten...
  • William Paulding (1770 - 1854)
    William Paulding, Jr. (March 7, 1770 – February 11, 1854) was a United States Representative from New York and the 56th and 58th Mayor of New York City. Born in Philipsburgh (now Tarrytown), Wes...
  • Gideon Lee (1778 - 1841)
    Gideon Lee was born in Amherst, Massachusetts, on April 27, 1778, the son of Gideon Lee and Lucy Ward. He learned the shoemaking and tanning trades and lived in Worthington, Massachusetts, before movin...
  • Aaron Clark (1787 - 1861)
    Aaron Clark (October 16, 1787 – August 2, 1861) was an American politician who became the second popularly elected Mayor of New York, serving two one-year terms from 1837 to 1839. He was a membe...
  • Bill de Blasio
    Bill de Blasio is the 109th Mayor of New York City. He served in the New York City Council (2001-09) and as the Public Advocate of New York City (2010-13). Bill de Blasio was born Warren Wilhelm, J...

Objective

This project seeks to pull together all the mayors of New York, throughout the city's history. This includes the Dutch, English, and American periods in the history of the city. The ultimate purpose is to provide a ‘genealogical backbone’ for all the families that have been involved in the formation and development of the city.


Background

The birth of the city of New York is formally considered to be the year 1625. The island of Manhattan was explored by Henry Hudson in 1609, but it took a few years before the Dutch West India Company brought settlers to the new lands. The year 1625 coincides with the construction of Fort Amsterdam (near current Battery Park). A year later, the island was formally bought from the native Lenape Indians. Its southern tip was called New Amsterdam. In 1653, New Amsterdam was formally incorporated as a city – and the first mayors were appointed. During the Dutch rule of the city, there were two or three mayors at the same time – just like it was in the home country. Between 1664-1673, the English occupied New Amsterdam. Interestingly, they encouraged the original settlers to continue and run the city’s affairs, and one mayor was even an original Dutch settler. For about two years, the Dutch re-occupied the city, but in 1674 (Treaty of Westminster), the Dutch province of New Netherland became the English province of New York. Britain continued to rule the province – and the northern Americas – until the Declaration of Independence in 1776. After military defeat, Britain recognized the independence of the American colonies. In 1788, the old colonies ratified a common constitution and the United States of America were born. In 1898, Staten Island (Richmond County), Brooklyn (Kings County), Queens (Queens County), The Bronx (Bronx County), and Manhattan (New York County) were consolidated into New York City, with one mayor.


Mayors of New York

Dutch Period - New Amsterdam

English Period - New York

Dutch Period - New Orange

English Period - New York

Independence

United States

Consolidation

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