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Roman Catholic Cardinals

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  • Jean François Paul de Gondi, cardinal de Retz (1613 - 1679)
    Wikipedia: English , Français Jean-François Paul de Gondi , Cardinal de Retz, Sovereign of Commercy, Prince of Euville, second Archbishop of Paris, Abbot of Saint Denis in France.
  • François Joachim de Pierre de Bernis, cardinal de Bernis (1715 - 1794)
    fr.wikipedia... ; en.wikipedia... ; gw.geneanet... ; François Joachim de Pierre de Bernis Born 22 May 1715 - Saint-Marcel-d'Ardèche (07) Deceased 3 November 1794 - église...
  • Son Éminence Gérald Cyprien Lacroix
    Overview Gérald Cyprien Lacroix, ISPX is the current Archbishop of Québec and Primate of Canada since 22 February 2011. Before this, he was Auxilliary Bishop of Québec. Source ...
  • Son Éminence Marc Ouellet
    Overview Marc Armand Ouellet is a Canadian Cardinal of the Catholic Church. He is the president prefect of the Congregation for Bishops and concurrent president of the Pontifical Commission for Latin...
  • Son Éminence Louis-Albert Vachon (1912 - 2006)
    Overview Louis-Albert Vachon, CC OQ was a cardinal of the Catholic Church and Archbishop emeritus of Quebec. He was ordained on 11 June 1938 then attended Laval University, graduating in 1941 with a ...

A cardinal is a senior ecclesiastical official, usually an ordained bishop, and ecclesiastical prince of the Catholic Church. Cardinals are collectively known as the College of Cardinals, which as a body elects a new pope. The duties of the cardinals include attending the meetings of the College and making themselves available individually or in groups to the pope if he requests their counsel. Most cardinals have additional duties, such as leading a diocese or archdiocese or running a department of the Roman Curia.

A cardinal's other main function is electing the pope whenever, by death or resignation, the seat becomes vacant. In 1059, the right of electing the pope was reserved to the principal clergy of Rome and the bishops of the seven suburbicarian sees. During the sede vacante, the period between a pope's death and the election of his successor, the day-to-day governance of the Church as a whole is in the hands of the College of Cardinals. The right to enter the conclave of cardinals who elect the pope is now limited to those who have not reached the age of 80 years on the day of the pope's death or resignation.

The term cardinal at one time applied to any priest permanently assigned or incardinated to a church,[1] or specifically to the senior priest of an important church, based on the Latin cardo (hinge), meaning "principal" or "chief". The term was applied in this sense as early as the ninth century to the priests of the tituli (parishes) of the diocese of Rome. A remnant of these earlier cardinals is retained by the Church of England, where the title of "cardinal" is still held by the two senior members of the College of Minor Canons of St Paul's Cathedral.

In the twelfth century the practice of appointing ecclesiastics from outside Rome as cardinals began, with each of them being assigned a church in Rome as his titular church, or being linked with one of the suburbicarian dioceses, while still being incardinated in a diocese other than that of Rome.