Adam Clayton Powell Jr.

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Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.

Birthplace: New Haven, CT, United States
Death: April 04, 1972 (63)
Miami, Florida, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Adam Clayton Powell and Mattie F. Shaffer / Powell
Husband of Hazel Dorothy Scott; Yvette Marjorie Powell and Isabel G Powell
Ex-husband of Isabel Washington Powell
Father of Adam Clayton Powell III and Adam Clayton Powell, IV
Brother of Blanche Flethcher King

Occupation: The first African American elected to Congress from New York state, Baptist minister & US Congressman
Managed by: Kenneth Kwame Welsh, (C)
Last Updated:

About Adam Clayton Powell Jr.

Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. (November 29, 1908 – April 4, 1972) was a Baptist pastor and an American politician, who represented Harlem, New York City, in the United States House of Representatives (1945–71). He was the first person from New York of African-American descent to be elected to Congress, and the fourth African American from the North to be elected in the Post-Reconstruction Era after Oscar Stanton De Priest. He became a powerful national politician of the Democratic Party, re-elected numerous times and serving as a national spokesman on civil rights and social issues. He also urged presidents to support emerging nations in Africa and Asia as they gained independence after colonialism.

In 1961, after sixteen years in the House, Powell became chairman of the Education and Labor Committee, the most powerful position held by an African American in Congress. As Chairman, he supported the passage of important social legislation under presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. Following allegations of corruption, in 1967 Powell was excluded from his seat by Democratic Representatives-elect of the 90th Congress, but he was re-elected and regained the seat in a 1969 United States Supreme Court ruling in Powell v. McCormack.


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Adam Clayton Powell Jr.'s Timeline

November 29, 1908
New Haven, CT, United States
San Juan, Puerto Rico
April 4, 1972
Age 63
Miami, Florida, United States