Adela of France, countess of Flanders

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Adela

French: Adélaïde, Danish: Adele
Also Known As: "Adelheid", "Aelis", "Adela Capet", "Adèle of France", "Adela of Flanders", "Adela the Holy or Adela of Messines;", "Adélaïde", "Alix", "Adela the Holy", "Adela of Messines", "Adelaide of France", "Alix Of France", "the Holy", "Adela", ""the Holy""
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Toulouse, Haute-Garonne, Midi-Pyrénées, France
Death: January 08, 1079 (69)
Mesen, West-Vlaanderen, Vlaams Gewest, Belgium
Place of Burial: Mesen, West-Vlaanderen, Vlaams Gewest, Belgium
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Robert II Capet, "the Pious" king of the Franks and Constance of Arles, queen consort of the Franks
Wife of Baldwin V, count of Flanders
Fiancée of Richard III, duke of Normandy
Mother of Robert I, Count of Flanders; Baldwin VI, count of Flanders and Hainault and Matilda of Flanders
Sister of Emergarde d'Auvergne; Hedwige de France, comtesse d'Auxerre; Hugues, roi associé de France; Henry I, king of France; Constance de France, heritiere de Dammartin and 2 others
Half sister of .... Capet

Occupation: Princess of France, Countess of Flanders, Countess of Auxerre, Comtesse de Corbie, Comtesse de Corbie, Comtesse de Coutances, , Countess of Normandy, Prinsessa av Frankrike, Duchesse de Normandie, comtesse de Flandre
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Adela of France, countess of Flanders

Adela of France, known also as Adela the Holy or Adela of Messines; (1009 – 8 January 1079, Messines), was, by marriage, the duchess of Normandy (January – August 1027), and countess of Flanders (1035–1067).

Other forms of her name are Adela, Adélaïde, Adelheid, Aelis and Alix.

Parents: Robert II (the Pious) and Constance d'Arles.

Spouses

1. Baudouin V 'le Pieux', Comte de Flandre

Children:

  • Baldwin VI of Flanders, (1030 † 1070)
  • Matilda of Flanders (1032 † 1083). In 1053 she married William Duke of Normandy, the future king of England
  • Robert I of Flanders, (1033-1093)

From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy page on France Capetian Kings:

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/CAPET.htm#_Toc154137001

ADELA de France (-Messines 8 Jan 1079, bur Messines, Benedictine monastery).

The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "soror…regis Henrici Adela" as wife of "Balduino Insulano"[213]. The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "Alam comitissam Flandrensem" as the daughter of King Robert[214]. She is named as daughter of King Robert in a manuscript whose attribution to Orderic Vitalis is disputed, which also refers to her marriage[215].

Kerrebrouck mentions her betrothal to Duke Richard "très jeune" but does not cite the primary source on which this is based[216].

"Richardus Nortmannorum dux" agreed grants of property to "Adela" on the occasion of their marriage by charter dated Jan 1026, which does not specify her parentage[217].

Her father gave her the seigneurie of Corbie as her dowry. Ctss de Contenance.

She founded the Benedictine monastery at Messines near Ypres.

The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "VI Id Jan" of "Adelaidis comitissa"[218].

Betrothed (Jan 1027) to RICHARD III Duke of Normandy, son of RICHARD I Duke of Normandy & his first wife Judith de Bretagne ([1001]-6 Aug 1027).

m (Amiens 1028) BAUDOUIN de Flandre, son of BAUDOUIN IV "le Barbu/Pulchrae Barbae" Count of Flanders & his first wife Ogive de Luxembourg ([1012/13]-Lille 1 Sep 1067, bur Lille, Saint-Pierre). He succeeded his father in 1035 as BAUDOUIN V “le Pieux/Insulanus” Count of Flanders. He was regent of France for his nephew Philippe I King of France 1060-1066/67.

From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy page on Flanders:

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/FLANDERS,%20HAINAUT.htm#BaudouinVdi...


From http://www.rpi.edu/~holmes/Hobbies/Genealogy/ps05/ps05_230.htm

Adelaide (also known as Adelisa of France, and Adele-Alice or even Aelicie) may be daughter of Robert II and another wife.

References: [AR7],[Weis1],[ES],[PlantagenetA],[RFC],[Paget1]


Note: She was the sister of Queen Matilda of England and widow of Richard 111, Duke of Normandy who dsp the uncle of William the Conqueror who married Baldwin V. de I'Isle, count of Flanders and of Artois. Father also shown as Hugh Carpet King of France and mother as Adelheid. Adele is known as Countess d'Auxerre in band II of Europaische Stanntafeln (Marburg, Germany: Verlag Von J.A.Stargardt, 1984).


WIKIPÉDIA (fr)

Adèle de France (née en 1009 - morte à Messines le 8 janvier 1079) était la fille de Robert II, roi de France, et de Constance d'Arles. Elle était comtesse de Corbie.

Elle épousa en premières noces en 1027 Richard III (997 † 1027), duc de Normandie, mais n'eut pas d'enfants. Veuve, elle se remaria en 1028 à Paris avec Baudouin V (1012 † 1067), comte de Flandre, dont elle eut :

  1. Baudouin VI, (1030 † 1070)
  2. Mathilde (1032 † 1083), mariée en 1053 à Guillaume le Conquérant, duc de Normandie, neveu de Richard III
  3. Robert Ier de Flandre, dit aussi Robert le Frison (1033-1093

Adela of France, Countess of Flanders

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adela_of_France,_Countess_of_Flanders

Adela Capet, Adèle of France or Adela of Flanders[1], known also as Adela the Holy or Adela of Messines; (1009 – 8 January 1079, Messines) was the second daughter of Robert II (the Pious), and Constance of Arles. As dowry to her future husband, she received from his father the title of Countess of Corbie.

Contents

1 Her family

2 Political influence

2.1 Battle of Cassel

3 Church influence

4 Note

Her family

She was a member of the House of Capet, the rulers of France. As the wife of Baldwin V, she was Countess of Flanders from 1036 to 1067.

She married first 1027 Richard III Duke of Normandy (997 † 1027). They never had children. As a widow, she remarried in 1028 in Paris to Baldwin V of Flanders (1012 † 1067). Their children were:

  1. Baldwin VI of Flanders, (1030 † 1070)
  2. Matilda of Flanders (1032 † 1083). In 1053 she married William Duke of Normandy, the future king of England
  3. Robert I of Flanders, (1033-1093)

Political influence

Adèle’s influence lay mainly in her family connections. On the death of her brother, Henry I of France, the guardianship of his seven-year-old son Philip I fell jointly on his widow, Ann of Kiev, and on his brother-in-law, Adela´s husband, so that from 1060 to 1067, they were Regents of France.

Battle of Cassel

When Adela´s third son, Robert the Frisian, was to invade Flanders in 1071 to become the new count (at that time the count was Adela´s grandson, Arnulf III), she asked Phillip I to stop him. Phillip sent troops in order to to aid Arnulf, being among the forces sent by the king a contingent of ten Norman knights led by William FitzOsborn. Robert's forces attacked Arnulf's numerically superior army at Cassel before it could organize, and Arnulf himself was killed along with William FitzOsborn. The overwhelming triumph of Robert made Phillip invest him with Flanders, making the peace. A year later, Phillip married Robert´s step-daughter, Bertha of Holland, and in 1074, Phillip restored the seigneurie of Corbie to the crown.

Church influence

Adèle had an especially great interest in Baldwin V’s church-reform politics and was behind her husband’s founding of several collegiate churches. Directly or indirectly, she was responsible for establishing the Colleges of Aire (1049), Lille (1050) and Harelbeke (1064) as well as the abbeys of Messines (1057) and Ename (1063). After Baldwin’s death in 1067, she went to Rome, took the nun’s veil from the hands of Pope Alexander II and retreated to the Benedictine convent of Messines, near Ypres. There she died, being buried at the same monastery. Her commemoration day is 8 September.


German Wikipedia

Adela von Frankreich (die Heilige oder Adela von Messines; * wohl 1009 oder 1014; † 8. Januar 1079, begraben im Kloster Messines bei Ypern) stammte aus der Dynastie der Kapetinger, die zu ihrer Zeit die Könige von Frankreich stellten. Sie war von 1036 bis 1067 als Gemahlin von Balduin V. Gräfin von Flandern. Statt Adela wird bei ihr als Vorname oft Adélaide, Adelheid, Aelis oder Alix verwendet.

Inhaltsverzeichnis [Verbergen]

1 Abstammung

2 Ehen und Nachkommen

3 Leben

4 Weblinks

Abstammung [Bearbeiten]Adelas Vater war der Kapetinger Robert II. der Fromme (* 27. März 972; † 20. Juli 1031 in Melun), König von Frankreich von 996 bis 1031. Adela ging aus dessen dritten Ehe mit Konstanze von Provence hervor.

Ehen und Nachkommen  [Bearbeiten]Adela wurde 1027 mit Richard III. (* um 1001; † 6. August 1027), dem dritten Herzog der Normandie, verlobt. Ob diese Verlobung in die Ehe mündete ist ungewiss, da Richard III. noch im selben Jahr verstarb.

Im Jahre 1028 heiratete Adela Balduin V. von Flandern (der Fromme oder Balduin von Lille ; * um 1012 in Arras; † 1. September 1067 in Lille), der von 1036 bis 1067 Graf von Flandern war. Aus dieser Ehe stammten drei Kinder:

Balduin VI. (* ca. 1030; † 17. Juli 1070), der 1067 seinem Vater als Graf von Flandern nachfolgte

Robert der Friese (* ca. 1035; † 3. Oktober 1093), der 1071 als Robert I. Graf von Flandern wurde und

Mathilde von Flandern, (* ca. 1032; † 2. November 1083), die 1053 den Herzog Wilhelm II. von der Normandie heiratete. Dieser eroberte 1066 England, wurde als Wilhelm I. König von England und ging so als Wilhelm der Eroberer in die Geschichte ein.

Leben [Bearbeiten]Adelas Einfluss wird zugeschrieben, dass Balduin V. beim Tode ihres Bruders, des französischen Königs Heinrich I., die Vormundschaft über dessen 7-jährigen Sohn Philipp I. erwarb und somit von 1060 bis 1067 Regent von Frankreich war. Adela hatte insbesondere einen großen Anteil an der kirchlichen Reformpolitik Balduins V. und hat auch viele Kirchenstiftungen ihres Gemahls inspiriert. Direkt oder indirekt sind ihr die Errichtung der Stifte von Aire (1049), Lille (1050) und Harelbeke (1064) sowie der Abteien von Messines bei Ypern (1057) und Ename (1063) zu verdanken. Nach dem Tode Balduins V. im Jahre 1067 reiste Adela nach Rom, erhielt den Nonnenschleier aus den Händen Papst Alexanders II. und trat nach ihrer Rückkehr in die Frauenabtei des Benediktinerordens in Messines ein. Dort blieb sie bis zu ihrem Tod. Ihr Gedenktag ist der 8. September.


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Adela of France, countess of Flanders's Timeline

1009
March 5, 1009
Toulouse, Haute-Garonne, Midi-Pyrénées, France
1029
1029
Kasteel van Wijnendale, Wijnendale, West Vlaanderen, Vlaams Gewest, Belgium
1030
1030
Hainaut, Walloon Region, Belgium
1031
1031
Ghent, East Flanders, Flanders, Belgium
1079
January 8, 1079
Age 69
Mesen, West-Vlaanderen, Vlaams Gewest, Belgium
1079
Age 69
Mesen, West-Vlaanderen, Vlaams Gewest, Belgium
1929
May 21, 1929
Age 69
May 21, 1929
Age 69
May 21, 1929
Age 69