Carl (Charles) David Tolmé Runge

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Carl (Charles) David Tolmé Runge (Runge)

Birthplace: Bremen, Germany
Death: January 03, 1927 (70)
Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany
Immediate Family:

Son of Julius Runge and Fanny Schwartz Runge
Husband of Aimée Runge
Father of Iris Anne Runge; Ella Runge; Nerina Courant (Runge); Wilhelm Tolme Runge; Bernhard Emile Runge and 1 other
Brother of Hermann Charles Runge; Julius Runge; Mary Louisa Neele; Anna Fanny Jones Schröder; Gustav Runge and 3 others

Occupation: German mathematician, physicist, and spectroscopist., Professor of mathematics and astronomy
Managed by: Malka Mysels
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About Carl (Charles) David Tolmé Runge

Biography Carl David Tolmé Runge

Carl David Tolmé Runge (German pronunciation: [%CB%88%CA%81%CA%8A%C5%8B%C9%99]; 30 August 1856 – 3 January 1927) was a German mathematician, physicist, and spectroscopist.

He was co-developer and co-eponym of the Runge–Kutta method (pronounced [%CB%8C%CA%80%CA%8A%C5%8B%C9%99%CB%88k%CA%8Ata]), in the field of what is today known as numerical analysis.


He spent the first few years of his life in Havana, where his father Julius Runge was the Danish consul. The family later moved to Bremen, where his father died early (in 1864).

In 1880, he received his Ph.D. in mathematics at Berlin, where he studied under Karl Weierstrass. In 1886, he became a professor in Hannover, Germany.

His interests included mathematics, spectroscopy, geodesy, and astrophysics. In addition to pure mathematics, he did a great deal of experimental work studying spectral lines of various elements (together with Heinrich Kayser), and was very interested in the application of this work to astronomical spectroscopy.

In 1904, on the initiative of Felix Klein he received a call to the Georg-August University of Göttingen, which he accepted. There he remained until his retirement in 1925.

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Carl (Charles) David Tolmé Runge's Timeline

August 31, 1856
Bremen, Germany
June 1, 1888
Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany
Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany
June 10, 1895
Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany
Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany
January 1, 1903
Hanover, Lower Saxony, Germany
January 3, 1927
Age 70
Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany