**Mathematicians** are people with an extensive knowledge of mathematics who use this knowledge in their work, typically to solve mathematical problems. Mathematics is concerned with numbers, data, collection, quantity, structure, space, and change.

## List of mathematicians with lasting influence

*For a complete list, please see: Mathematicians Project Profiles.*

- Euclid, geometry
- Archimedes, geometry, calculus
- René Descartes, seigneur du Perron, geometry
- Pierre de Fermat, number theory
- Sir Isaac Newton, calculus, physics
- Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, calculus
- The Bernoulli family, calculus
- Leonhard Paul Euler, calculus, number theory
- Joseph-Louis Lagrange, calculus, number theory
- Carl Friedrich Gauss, geometry, number theory
- Niels Henrik Abel,
- Évariste Galois, group theory
- Augustin-Louis Cauchy, calculus, complex analysis
- J. B. Joseph Fourier, analysis
- Arthur Cayley,
- Sir William Rowan Hamilton
- Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet, number theory, analysis
- Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann, geometry, analysis, number theory
- Felix Christian Klein, geometry
- Sophus Lie, Lie groups and Lie algebras
- Karl Weierstrass, analysis
- Georg F. L. P. Cantor, set theory
- Henri Poincaré, topology, dynamical systems
- Élie Joseph Cartan, geometry
- David Hilbert, algebra, analysis
- Henri Léon Lebesgue, analysis
- Emmy Noether, algebra
- Srinivasa Ramanujan, number theory
- Hermann Weyl, geometry, algebra, Lie theory
- Kurt Friedrich Gödel, logic
- André Weil, number theory
- John von Neumann, functional analysis, game theory
- Andrey Nikolaevich Kolmogorov, analysis, probability theory
- Laurent Schwartz, analysis
- Israel Moiseevich Gelfand, representation theory
- Jean-Pierre Serre, Fields Medal, 1954, algebra
- Alexander Grothendieck, Fields Medal 1966, algebraic geometry
- Paul Erdős, number theory, combinatorics
- Bill Thurston, geometry, topology
- Robert Phelan Langlands, number theory
- Nathan Divinsky
- Людвиг Фаддеев (Ludvig Faddeev)

# Internal links ~ Mathematicians in the Geni-platform

- Muslim Philosophers, Mathematicians & Scientists
- Nederlandse wiskundigen \\ Dutch mathematicians
- Deutsche Entdecker, Erfinder und Wissenschaftler
- Deutsche Mathematiker \\ German mathematicians
- Unlinked mathematicians
- Prominent Scientists: (i) Exact Sciences & Natural Sciences
- Notable Indian scientists - not certain what kind of scientists are listed here.
- .... aanvulling welkom!