Carloman, king of Bavaria

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Karlmann de Bavière, Rois des Bavaria

Also Known As: "Bavaria", "Karlmann", "King Carloman of Bavaria", "King Carloman of /Italy/", "King Carloman of /Bavaria/", "duke of Carinthia", "king of Bavaria & Italy"
Birthplace: Aix-le-Chappelle, France
Death: between March 22, 880 and September 21, 880 (45-54)
Bayern, Traunstein, Bayern, Germany
Place of Burial: Saint-Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Louis II, 'The German', King of the East Franks and Emma of Altdorf
Husband of NN Engelberga; Unnamed Daughter; Hemma, and Ingeltrude De Provence
Partner of Litwinde
Father of Arnulf, Emperor of the West and Giselle of Bavaria, Abbess
Brother of Hildegard of Bavaria East-Franks, Princess of Germany; Louis the Younger, king of Saxony; Berta of Bavaria, Abbess of Schwarzach-am-Main; Charles III 'the Fat', King of the Franks; Ermengard von Bayern, Äbtissin von Chiemsee and 2 others
Half brother of S. Riccarda di Svevia

Occupation: King of France 882 - 884, Rey de Baviera 876 – 879, Emperador de Occidente, Rey de Francia Occidental y Oriental, Roi, de Bavière, 876, d'Italie, 877, King of Bavaria, King of Italy and Bavaria, King of Bavaria 876, Italy 877-79
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Carloman, king of Bavaria


Summary for Carloman I, King of Bavaria



  • Father: Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks, Ludwig I King of Lotharingia (c806 - 28 August 876 Frankfurt-am-Main, bur. Kloster Lorsch, son of Louis I "le Pieux" Emperor of the Franks and Ermengard)
  • Mother: Emma (d. 31 January 876, dau of Welf I, Graf von Altdorf and Heilwig, mar. 827)


  • 1. Hildegard (828 - 23 December 856, bur. Zurich) Abbess of Schwarzach-am-Main (844-853), Abbess of Zurich (853-856).
  • 3. Ermangardis (d. 16 July 866 Frauenworth) Abbess of Buchau-am-Federsee (before 857), Abbess of Chiemsee (857-866)
  • 4. Gisela
  • 5. Ludwig III (835 - 20 January or September 882, bur. Kloster Lorsch, m. Liutgard dau. Graf Liudolf and Oda), King of the East Franks, and Ludwig II King of East Lotharingia
  • 6. Berta (d. 26 March 877) Abbess of Schwarzach-am-Main (853-856), Abbess of Zurich (856-877)
  • 7. Karl III (839 - 13 January 888 Neudingen-an-der-Donau, bur. Kloster Reichenau, m. Richardis, dau Graf Erchanger II) King of the East Franks (876-888) and Emperor of the Franks (881-888)

Spouse and mistress:

  • Wife: Unknown daughter of Ernst Graf im Nordgau (d. after 8 July 879, no children)
  • Mistress: Liutswindis (d. before 9 March 891)

Child (with mistress):

  • 1. Arnulf (c850 - 8 December 899 Regensburg, bur. Regensburg St. Emmeran, m. Oda), King of the East Franks (887-899), Emperor of the Franks (896-899)


Basic information:

Birth: c. 830, Herzogtum Bayern, Frankish Empire.

Baptism: Unknown

Marriage: before 861 with unknown daughter of Ernst Graf im Nordgau (d. after 8 July 879)

Death: 12 March or 29 September 880 in Altötting, Bavaria.

Burial: Unknown.



  • 830: Around this year, Karloman is born to Ludwig, son of Ludwig II, ruler of Bayern (age 24) and Emma, daughter of Welf I, Graf von Altdorf (early 20s).
  • 831: Karloman's father, Ludwig, joins in a rebellion against Emperor Louis I "le Pieux". Ludwig remains in Bayern.
  • 833 October 1: At the negotiations at Compiegne following the deposition of both Louis "le Pieux" and Lothaire as emperors, Karloman's father, Ludwig, settles for control of Alemannia, Alsace, and Rhetia, Thuringia, and Sachsen, in addition to Bayern. Karloman turns 3.
  • 835, February 28: Louis "le Pieux" is restored as Emperor at Metz. Lothaire would still rebel until he is captured at Chouzy. By this time, Ermengardis, Gisela, and Ludwig III are born in Ludwig's territory, possibly Bayern. Karloman turns 5.
  • 839, May 28: At negotiations at Worms, Emperor Louis I forces Karloman's father to relinquish all territories by Bayern. Over the past four years, Berta was born. Her birth is followed up with Karl III "der Dicke"'s birth, most likely in Bayern, the youngest child. Karloman, the eldest son, turns 9.
  • 840, June 20: Emperor Louis I "le Pieux" dies at his home in the Rhein near Ingelheim, and is buried at Metz. After his death, Karloman's father, Ludwig "der Deutsche" allies with Charles II "le Chauve" against Emperor Lothaire's Italy-based regime.
  • 841 June 25: Ludwig II "der Deutsche" and Charles II "le Chauve" defeat Emperor Lothaire at Fontenoy-en-Puisaye near Auxerre. Negotiations begin on a partition of territories in the Frankish Empire.
  • 843, August 11: Under the Treaty of Verdun, Ludwig II "der Deutsche" is installed as King of the East Franks. Lothaire becomes king of Lotharingia, the buffer between the two other Frankish kingdoms. Karloman, Ludwig's eldest son, is 13.
  • 844: Elder sister Hildegard becomes Abbess of Kloster Schwarzach-am-Main near Wurzburg at age 16.



  • 849: Karloman at age 19 has a love affair with Liutswindis, who becomes pregnant by him.
  • 850: Karloman's only known child, Arnulf, is born. Liutswindis, his mother, remains provided for, and possibly living with Karloman, until his marriage.
  • 853, July 21: Elder sister Hildegard, Abbess of Kloster Schwarzach-am-Main, becomes Abbess of Kloster Zurich. Younger sister Berta succeeds her at Kloster Schwarzach.
  • 855, September 29: Karloman's uncle Emperor Lothaire I dies at age 60 at Kloster Prum and is buried there. Louis "le Jeune" becomes King of Italy, and Lothaire II becomes King of Lotharingia (he gets married to Teutberga, daughter of Boson "l'Ancien" Comte d'Arles around the same time, in a marriage that doesn't last 5 years). Younger brother Ludwig III has a love affair in the next five years that produces a son, named Hugo, who will become a military leader in his early 20s and die in battle against the Danes.
  • 856, December 26: Elder sister Hildegard, Abbess of Kloster Zurich, dies and is buried at her monastery. Her younger sister Berta succeeds her at Kloster Zurich, and remains at the monastery for the next two decades. Karloman, the eldest surviving child, is age 26.
  • 857, April 28: Younger sister Ermengardis, Abbess of Berchau-am-Federsee, becomes Abbess of Kloster Chiemsee in Frauenworth, in her mid-20s. She remains in this position for the rest of her life.
  • 858, August: Father King Ludwig II "der Deutsche" invades Western Francia.
  • 859, January 15: Father King Ludwig II "der Deutsche" returns after being defeated in the Laonnais by King Charles II "le Chauve".
  • 861: Karloman, shortly after marrying the daughter of Ernst, Graf im Nordgau, revolts against his father, King Ludwig II "der Deutsche". Karloman captures a large part of Bavaria and Tirol, and reaches as far as the River Inn before Ludwig marches in and expels him. Ernst falls out of favor with Ludwig as a result of the rebellion.
  • 862, August 1: Youngest brother Karl III marries Richardis, daughter of Graf Erchanger II.
  • 864: Karloman again revolts against his father, King Ludwig II "der Deutsche".
  • 865. Younger brother Ludwig becomes betrothed to a daughter of Adelhard I, against the will of the would-be bride's father. The marriage never takes place. Father King Ludwig II "der Deutsche" agrees with King Charles II "le Chauve" on a division of Lotharingia once Lothaire II dies.
  • 866 July 16: Younger sister Ermengardis, Abbess of Chiemsee, dies at her Kloster in Frauenworth.
  • 869 August 8: Lothaire II dies in Piacenza and is buried at the Convent of San Antonio. King Charles II "le Chauve" immediately invades Lotharingia, taking the territory before Ludwig could mobilize.
  • 870, August: King Ludwig II settles with King Charles II at Meerssen, giving over Alsace and other Rhein territories to East Francia. Karloman's son, Arnulf, is invested with protection of the Marches of Pannonia and Carinthia. He takes on Winburg as his first known mistress, giving birth to Zewentibold (future King of Lotharingia), followed within five years by Ellinrat (she gives birth to Ellinrat the younger around that time).
  • 874, Novebmer 29: Ludwig III marries Liutgard, daughter of Graf Liudolf and Oda. Liutgard becomes pregnant shortly after. Emma, Ludwig and Karloman's mother, becomes paralyzed from some unknown ailment.
  • 875: Ludwig, Karloman's younger brother, sires a daughter named Hildegard.
  • 876, January 31: Emma, Karloman's mother, dies after two years of debilitation and is buried at Regensburg St. Emmeran.
  • 876, August 28: Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks and Lortharingia, dies at Frankfurt-am-Main and is buried at Kloster Lorsch. Ludwig III "le Jeune's" wife, Liutgard, becomes pregnant again.


Term as King:

  • 876, November: Karloman and Ludwig III (Louis "le Jeune") succeeds him as joint Kings of the East Franks. Karloman obtains the territory that includes Bayern, Pannonia, Carinthia, Bohemia, and Moravia. Ludwig receives Franconia, Thuringia, Sachsen, Frisia, and East Lotharingia. Karl III "der Dicke" is given Alemannia, Alsace, and Rhetia.
  • 877, March 26: Youngest sister Berta, Abbess of Kloster Zurich, dies.
  • 877, October, King Karoloman enters Pavia after expelling Charles II "le Chauve" from Italy. Earlier in the year, he founds Kloster Altotting. Ludwig III's wife, Liutgard, gives birth to a boy that they name Ludwig. He lasts only a year.
  • 879 July: After being struck with paralysis (likely from a stroke), Karloman returns from Italy to Germany, where his younger brother Louis III "le Jeune" deposes him and places him in the Kloster Altotting, becoming the sole King of the East Franks. His wife vanishes from records around this time.
  • 879, November: Karl III "der Dicke" occupies northern Italy after Karloman is deposed and placed in Kloster Altotting.
  • 880, February 2: Nephew Hugo dies in battle against the Danes either at Thun, or while crossing the Scheldt River in the Netherlands.
  • 880, September 29: Karloman, King of the East Franks, dies by this date as a result of his paralysis. He is buried in Bavaria ("Hodingas"). His son Arnulf becomes Herzog von Bayern. Ludwig obtains Western Lotharingia under the Treaty of Ribemont for the remainder of Louis II "le Begue" King of the West Frank's life.


Immediate family after his death:

  • 891, March 9: By this time, Karloman's mistress and mother of his child, Liutswindis, dies and is remembered in memory by a gift of property given to a church in Salzburg.
  • 899, December 8: Arnulf, Karloman's illegitiimate son and Emperor, dies in Regensburg.


  • King of the East Franks (28 August 876 - 880)
  • Founder of Kloster Altötting (877)

Alternate Names: Karloman, Karlmann, Carloman

From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy Medlands Project page on Carolingian Kings (covering his birth family, married family, and known child by mistress):,%20Kings.htm#Carlomandied880

LOUIS, son of Emperor LOUIS I "le Pieux" & his first wife Ermengard --- ([806]-Frankfurt-am-Main 28 Aug 876, bur Kloster Lorsch). Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names (in order)

  • "Hlutharius, Pippinus, Hludowicus" as sons of Emperor Louis and his wife Ermengard[14]. Under the Ordinatio Imperii promulgated by Emperor Louis in 817, Louis received "Baioariam et Carentanos, et Beheimos et Avaros, atque Sclavos qui ab orientali parte Baioariæ sunt…et duas villas…in pago Nortgaoe Luttraof et Ingoldesstat", specifying that he was to be named king[15].
  • He fought with his father and his brothers, joining the rebellions in 831 and 833. In the settlement of 833, he received Alemannia, Alsace and Rhetia (taken from his half-brother Charles II "le Chauve", as well as Thuringia and Saxony. His father obliged him to leave these additional territories in 839, confining his rule once more to Bavaria. Following the accession of his brother Lothaire as sole emperor after their father's death in 840, Ludwig allied himself with his half-brother Charles II "le Chauve". Together they defeated Emperor Lothaire at Fontenoy-en-Puisaye, near Auxerre 25 Jun 841.
  • Under the partition of territories agreed under the Treaty of Verdun 11 Aug 843, Louis was installed as LUDWIG II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks.
  • When Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks was faced with widespread rebellion, King Ludwig II invaded his kingdom in Aug 858 but was defeated 15 Jan 859 in the Laonnais and forced to withdraw. In 865, King Ludwig agreed with King Charles "le Chauve" the future division of the territories of Lothaire II King of Lotharingia, but on the latter's death in 869 King Charles invaded Lotharingia before Ludwig could assert his rights.
  • A settlement was reached at Meerssen in Aug 870 under which Ludwig received Alsace and other territory along the Rhine[16], in effect succeeding as LUDWIG I King of Lotharingia [part]. The necrology of Prüm records the death "876 5 Kal Sep" of "Ludvicus imperator frater Ludvici imperatoris"[17].
  • The Liber Anniversariorum of Zurich records the death "V Kal Aug" of "Ludovicus rex fundator monasterii"[18].

m (827) EMMA, daughter of WELF [I] Graf [von Altdorf] & his wife Heilwig --- (-31 Jan 876, bur Regensburg St Emmeran).

  • The Annales Xantenses record the marriage in 827 of "Ludewicus rex" and "sororem Iudith imperatricis" but do not name her[19]. This appears to be the only primary source in which her origin is specified. "Ludowicus…rex" made a donation to St Felix & Regula in Zurich naming "filia nostra Bertha…[et] coniugis nostræ Hemmæ" by charter dated 29 Oct 863[20].
  • The Annales Fuldenses record that "Hemma quoque regina" became paralysed in 874, died at Regensburg in 876 and was buried in the church of St Emmeran[21]. The necrology of Regensburg St Emmeran records the death "II Kal Feb" of "Hemma regina hic sepulta"[22]. The necrology of Augia Divis records the death "II Kal Feb" of "Hemma regina"[23]. The necrology of Nonnberg records the death "2 Kal Jan" of "Hemma imperatrix sor na"[24].

King Ludwig II & his wife had seven children:

1. HILDEGARD (828-23 Dec 856, bur [Zurich]).

  • Abbess of Schwarzach-am-Main, near Wurzburg [after 844]-853.
  • Abbess of Zurich 21 Jul 853. "Ludowicus…rex" made a donation to St Felix & Regula, Zurich confirming "filiæ nostræ Hildigardæ" as its abbess by charter dated 21 Jul 853[25].
  • The necrology of St Gall records the death "X Kal Jan" of "Hildigarda virgo Christi et domni Hludowici regis filia" specifying her burial "in ecclesia S Regulæ et Felicis martyrum Christi in castello Turago"[26].


Married family:

2. KARLOMAN ([830]-Altötting, Bavaria 12 Mar or 29 Sep 880).

  • The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names (in order) "Karlomannum Hludovicum et Karolum" as children of "Hludovicus rex…ex Emma regina"[27].
  • He revolted against his father in 861 and 864. The Annales Bertiniani record that "Carlomannus, Hlodowici regis Germaniæ" joined forces with "Resticio Winidorum regulo", captured a large part of his father's kingdom as far as the River Inn in 861, but was expelled by his father[28].
  • On the death of his father in 876, he succeeded as KARLOMAN King of the East Franks, receiving Bavaria, Pannonia, Carinthia, Bohemia and Moravia under the partition of territories agreed with his brothers.
  • On the death of Emperor Louis II King of Italy, he was called to Italy by Queen Engelberga and members of the Italian nobility. He was able to expel his rival King Charles II "le Chauve" from Italy and entered Pavia in Oct 877. However, he was struck by paralysis and had to be returned to Germany, where he was deposed in favour of his brother Louis "le Jeune" in 879.
  • He founded the monastery of Altötting in 877[29].
  • The necrology of Prüm records the death "880 XI Kal Apr" of "Karlomannus frater Ludvici et Karoli"[30]. The Annales Fuldenses record the death "880 XI Kal Apr" of "Carlmannus frater Hludowici et Karoli"[31]. Regino records the death "880 VII Non Apr" of "Carolomannus rex paralysi" and his burial "in Baioaria…Hodingas"[32].

m (before 861) --- [im Nordgau], daughter of ERNST Graf [im Nordgau] & his wife --- (-after 8 Jul 879).

  • Her parentage and marriage are deduced from the Annales Bertiniani which name "socerum Karlomanni…Arnustum" when recording that Ludwig II King of Germany deprived him of his honours in 861 at the time of his son's rebellion[33]. "Karlomannus…rex" confirmed immunities to San Salvatore in Brescia "pro nobis coniuge et prole misericordiam dei iugiter exhorare" by charter dated 8 Jul 879[34], the wording of which suggests that he was at that date married but still childless by this marriage.
  • Jackman suggests that Liutswindis, concubine of King Karloman and mother of Emperor Arnulf, is co-identified with this unnamed daughter of Graf Ernst[35]. He bases this on the assumption that King Karloman's childless wife must have predeceased the king, after which he married Liutswindis by whom he had already had his son Arnulf. However, this appears to ignore the curiously worded 8 Jul 879 charter referred to above. There would have been sufficient time after mid-879 and before Karloman's death the following year, for his first wife to have died and for Karloman to have remarried. However, if this was the case it is surprising that contemporary records do not mention the fact. In any case, it would probably have depended on the extent of the paralysis which afflicted King Karloman from 879. It is of course not impossible that "socerum" in the Annales Bertiniani was used to describe the informal relationship between King Karloman and his concubine's father, and that the Annales do not refer to the king's legitimate wife at all.

Mistress (1): LIUTSWINDIS, daughter of --- (-before 9 Mar 891).

  • "Arnolfus…rex" gave property at "Ardienga…in ripa fluvioli…Semita" previously owned by "mater nostra bonæ memoriæ Liutswind" to the church of Salzburg by charter dated 9 Mar 891[36].

King Karloman had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1):

a) ARNULF ([850]-Regensburg 8 Dec 899, bur Regensburg St Emmeran).

  • The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names "Arnulfum regem" son of "Karlomannus rex"[37].
  • He was invested with the March of Pannonia and Carinthia in [870].
  • During the illness of his father, he administered Bavaria but was obliged to transfer the territory to his uncle Ludwig III on his father's death, in return receiving the duchy of Carinthia.
  • During the rebellion against Emperor Charles III "le Gros", he was offered the crown and was proclaimed ARNULF King of the East Franks at Frankfurt-am-Main in Nov 887 after the emperor was deposed.


Younger siblings:

3. ERMENGARDIS (-Frauenwörth 16 Jul 866).

  • "Hludowicus…rex" confirmed an exchange between "filia nostra Irmingart" and abbot Folkwin of Reichenau in a charter dated 28 Apr 857[38].
  • Abbess of Buchau am Federsee.
  • Abbess of Chiemsee (Frauenwörth) 28 Apr 857.
  • The Annales Formoselenses record the death in 866 of "Karoli regis soror Irmingard"[39]. This is corroborated by the Annales Alamannicorum[40]. The necrology of St Gall records the death "XVII Kal Aug" of "Irmingarda Hludowici regis filia et sanctimonialis"[41].


  • Her existence is deduced from the Libri confraternitatum Sancti Galli which lists (in order) "Hemma regina, Hiltigart, Irmingart, Gisla, Perhta…"[42], apparently referring to the wife of King Ludwig II and their four daughters, the existence of three of whom is corroborated by other sources. No other primary source has so far been identified which names Gisela.

5. LUDWIG ([835]-Frankfurt-am-Main 20 Jan or Sep 882, bur Kloster Lorsch).

  • The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names (in order) "Karlomannum Hludovicum et Karolum" as children of "Hludovicus rex…ex Emma regina"[43].
  • He occupied Lotharingia with his brother Charles in 876.
  • On the death of his father, he defeated the invading forces of King Charles II "le Chauve" at Andernach 7/8 Oct 876. He succeeded his father as LUDWIG III King of the East Franks, agreeing a division of territories with his brothers in Nov 876, under which Ludwig received Franconia, Thuringia, Saxony and Frisia, as well as those parts of Lotharingia which had been annexed by his father, succeeding as LUDWIG II King of East Lotharingia.
  • He obliged his brother Karloman to abandon the government of Bavaria to him in 879.
  • He gained western Lotharingia under the Treaty of Ribémont in 880, in settlement of the dispute which arose on the death of King Louis II "le Bègue" King of the West Franks, and thereupon succeeded as sole king of Lotharingia[44].
  • The Annales Fuldenses records the death in "882 XIII Kal Feb" of "Hludowicus"[45]. Regino records the death "882 XIII Kal Sep" at Frankfurt of "Hludowicum rex" and his burial "iuxta patrem in Lorasham cœnobio"[46].
  • Betrothed (865) to ---, daughter of ADELHARD [I] & his wife ---. The Annales Bertiniani record that the son of Ludwig II King of Germany became betrothed to "filiam Adelardi" against his father's will but did not marry her[47]. This could only refer to Ludwig as his brothers Karloman and Karl are recorded in other sources as already being married at that date.
  • m (before 29 Nov 874) LIUTGARD, daughter of Graf LIUDOLF & his wife Oda (-30 Nov 885, bur Aschaffenburg). "Hludowicus…rex" made a donation of property in "villa…Winenheim" to Kloster Lorsch in the name of "comiti…Werinhario" by charter dated 4 Jan 877, naming "coniuge nostra Liutgarda"[48]. Widukind names "Liudgardam sororem Brunonis ac magni ducis Oddonis" as wife of "orientales Francos imperantium Hluthowicus"[49]. The exact date of death and burial place of "Liudgardis regina" are recorded in the Annalista Saxo[50].
  • King Ludwig III & his wife had two children: Hildegard (875/876 - after 899), Ludwig (877/878 - Nov. 879)
  • Mistress (1): ---. The name of King Ludwig III's mistress is not known.
  • King Ludwig III had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1): Hugo (855/860-2 Feb 880)

6. BERTA (-26 Mar 877).

  • "Ludowicus…rex" confirmed the grant of the abbey of Schwarzach-am-Main to "Berethæ sororis suæ [fili%C3%A6 nostræ Hildigardæ]" in a charter dated 27 Mar 857[60].
  • She succeeded her sister Hildegard as Abbess of Schwarzach-am-Main in 853.
  • Abbess of Zurich 856.
  • The Annales Alamannicorum record the death in 877 of "Berchta filia regis"[61]. The Annales Weingartenses record the death in 877 of “Berta filia Regis Hludovvici”[62]. The Liber Anniversariorum of Zurich records the death "VII Kal Mar" of "Berchta filia Ludwici regis fundatoris nostri monasterii et abba eiusdem"[63].

7. CHARLES (839-Neudingen an der Donau 13 Jan 888[64], bur Kloster Reichenau).

  • The Genealogica Arnulfi Comitis names (in order) "Karlomannum Hludovicum et Karolum" as children of "Hludovicus rex…ex Emma regina"[65].
  • On the death of his father in 876, he succeeded as KARL III King of the East Franks, agreeing a division of territories with his brothers in Nov 876 under which Karl received Alemannia, Alsace and Rhetia.
  • After his brother Karloman was obliged by illness to leave Italy, Pope John VIII called for help from Karl III. He occupied northern Italy in Nov 879. He was crowned Emperor KARL III "der Dicke" in Rome 12 Feb 881 by Pope John VIII.
  • On the death of his older brother King Ludwig III, he inherited Germania, Franconia, Saxony and Bavaria.
  • On the death of Carloman King of the West Franks 12 Dec 884, he was offered the West Frankish throne at Ponthion in Jun 885. In mid-887, he received Ermengard, widow of Boson King [of Provence], and adopted her son Louis as his son and presumably heir[66].
  • In Nov 887, his nephew Arnulf Duke of Carinthia led a powerful army of Carinthians and Slavs against Emperor Karl who was soon deserted on all sides, and ceased to rule as King of the East Franks [17/27] Nov 887[67]. Reuter highlights the absence of evidence of a formal deposition[68].
  • He was given estates in Alemannia as a pension, but died a few weeks later[69]. Regino records the death "888 pridie Id Ian" of "Carolus imperator" and his burial "in Augea monasterio"[70].
  • m ([1 Aug] 862, divorced 887) as her first husband, RICHARDIS, daughter of Graf ERCHANGER [II] & his wife --- (-Abbey of Andlau, Alsace 18 Sep before [906/11]). "Ludowicus…rex" made a grant of property "in Alamannia in pago…Brisahgawe" to "filius noster Karolus" as dowry for his unnamed wife dated 1 Aug [862][71]. The Annales Bertiniani record the marriage in 862 of "Hludowicus…Karolo filio" and "Ercangarii comitis filiam"[72]. Abbess of Andlau in Alsace 887. At the time of their divorce, the couple both declared that the marriage had never been consummated. The Annales Argentinenses record that "Richarda imperatrix, Karoli regis uxor" was accused of adultery with "Liutwardo Vercellensi episcopo", but that she was confirmed to be a virgin at the time of her divorce[73]. The Chronicon of Bernold also records that "Richgarda imperatrix" was accused of adultery with "Liutwardo Vercellensi episcopo" but was later proved to be a virgin[74]. She married secondly Gauzelin ex-Bishop. Regino names "Gozzelino eiusdem urbis [=Paris?] episcopo" in 887, recording that he left the church and married "Richardem sic enim Augusta vocabatur"[75].
  • Mistress (1): ---. The name of Emperor Karl III's mistress is not known. Emperor Karl III had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1): Bernhard (876-891)

The relationship between the following individual and the above family has not been established. It is also possible that she was a relative of Emperor Arnulf on his mother's side of the family.

1. ROTRUD (-[9 Jul/27 Nov] 889).

  • "Arnolfus…rex" made a donation to Kloster St Arnulf at Metz of property in "in pago Mosellensi et in comitatu Scarponsense in villa Arcus" at the request of "Roddrudæ…consanguinæ nostræ…et Ottonis…comitis nostri" by charter dated 9 Jul 889[82]. "Arnolfus…rex" made a donation of property at "Bruochmagat in Elisatia" to Kloster Lorsch after the death of "Roddrudis…consanguinea nostra" by charter dated 27 Nov 889[83].



  • [14] Thegani Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 4, MGH SS II, p. 591.
  • [15] MGH LL Capitularia regum Francorum 2 and 3, p. 198.
  • [16] Settipani, C. and Kerrebrouck, P. van (1993) La préhistoire des Capétiens 481-987, 1ère partie, Mérovingiens, Carolingiens et Robertiens (Villeneuve d'Ascq), pp. 285-6.
  • [17] Annales Necrologici Prumienses, MGH SS XIII, p. 219.
  • [18] Fragmenta et Excerpta Libri Anniversariorum Abbatiæ Turicensis, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 537.
  • [19] Annales Xantenses 827, MGH SS II, p. 224.
  • [20] D LD 110, p. 158.
  • [21] Annales Fuldenses 874 and 876, MGH SS I, pp. 388 and 389.
  • [22] Necrologium Monasterii S Emmerammi Ratisbonensis, Regensburg Necrologies, p. 301.
  • [23] Necrologium Augiæ Divitis, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 272.
  • [24] Monumenta Necrologica Monasterii S Erentrudis Nonnbergensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 61.
  • [25] D LD 67, p. 92.
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  • [28] Annales Bertiniani III 861.
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Carloman II (c. 866 – 12 December 884), King of Western Francia, was the youngest son of King Louis the Stammerer and Ansgarde of Burgundy, and became king, jointly with his brother Louis III of France, on his father's death in 879.

Some nobles advocated electing a sole king, but eventually both brothers were elected kings. Although doubts were cast upon their legitimacy, the brothers obtained recognition and in March 880 divided their father's realm at Amiens, Carloman receiving Burgundy and Aquitaine.

However, Duke Boso had renounced his allegiance to both brothers and had been elected King of Provence. In the summer of 880 the brothers Carloman and Louis marched against him, took Mâcon and the northern parts of Boso's realm. They united their forces with those of Charles the Fat and unsuccessfully besieged Vienne from August to November. Only in the summer of 882, Vienne was taken after being besieged by Richard, Count of Autun.

About the same time, in August 882, Carloman became sole king owing to his brother's death, but the kingdom was in a deplorable condition partly owing to incursions from the Norman raiders, and his power was very circumscribed. There were revolts of the feudal lords even in Burgundy.

Carloman met his death while hunting on 12 December 884 and was succeeded in the rule by his cousin, the Emperor Charles the Fat.


This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

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Carloman II

  • Carolingian Dynasty
  • Born: c. 866
  • Died: 12 December 884
  • 10 April 879 – 12 December 882 with Louis III (10 April 879 – 5 August 882)
  • Preceded by Louis II King of Western Francia
  • Succeeded by Charles the Fat

Retrieved from ""

Carloman König von Bayern

  • M, #103211, b. circa 828, d. 880
  • Last Edited=8 Mar 2007

Carloman König von Bayern was born circa 828. He was the son of Louis II 'the German', King of the East Franks and Emma von Bayern.

He died in 880.

Carloman König von Bayern gained the title of König Carolman von Bayern.

Child of Carloman König von Bayern and Litwinde (?)

  • -1. Arnulf of Carinthia, Holy Roman Emperor+ b. c 863, d. 899 (1)

Forrás / Source:

Carloman, German: Karlmann (830 – 29 September 880) was the eldest son of Louis the German, king of East Francia (Germany), and Emma, daughter of the count Welf. He was king of Bavaria from 876 and of Italy from 877 until he was incapacitated in 879 and died in 880.

profile picture - A fourteenth-century depiction of the three sons of Louis the German — Carloman, Louis the Younger, and Charles — swearing an oath to him. Louis the German is here depicted as a French king, wearing the fleur-de-lis.

In the Grandes Chroniques de France


Eldest son of Louis II the German and father of the emperor Arnulf. Carloman rebelled against his father in 861 and 863 but in 865 was entrusted by Louis with a share in his authority, being granted jurisdiction over Bavaria and Carinthia. After this he remained loyal to his father, even helping to suppress the rebellion of his two younger brothers (866) and taking part in a campaign against the Moravians (869). The latter by 874 were forced to admit Frankish supremacy. After the death of the emperor Louis II (875), a faction in northern Italy favoured Carloman as candidate for the imperial crown; but Pope John VIII preferred Charles II the Bald. When Louis the German died (876), Carloman succeeded him as king of some of the German territories. In undisputed control of Bavaria, he promptly crossed the Alps on the death of Charles the Bald (877) and was recognized as king in northern Italy. The Pope, however, still refused him the imperial crown. Falling ill, Carloman had to renounce his lands and titles to his brother Louis III the Younger. His illegitimate son Arnulf became emperor in 896.

Carloman's illegitimate son is Emperor Arnulf, ID 1436. Carloman was named his successor by Emperor Louis II, but could not take the crown despite negotiations with Pope John VIII to be crowned. He was stricken with paralysis and died. {Encycl. Brit., 1956, 4:877.} Carloman is eldest son of Louis II.

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Carloman, king of Bavaria's Timeline

Aix-le-Chappelle, France
Carinthia, Sachsen, Germany
March 22, 880
Age 50
Bayern, Traunstein, Bayern, Germany
September 29, 880
Age 50
Saint-Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France
April 14, 1928
Age 50
January 23, 1930
Age 50