Katarina Saxe-Lauenburg, Duchess of Saxe-Lauenburg, Queen Consort of Sweden

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Katarina Saxe-Lauenburg (Askanier), Duchess of Saxe-Lauenburg, Queen Consort of Sweden

Swedish: Catarina Ask Saxe-Lauenburg (von Sachsen-Lauenburg), Hertiginna av Sachsen-Lauenburg, Drottning av Sverige, Finnish: Catharina von Sachsen-Lauenburg, Ruotsin kuningatar
Also Known As: "Drottning Katarina av Sverige"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Ratzeburg, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
Death: September 23, 1535 (21)
Stockholm, Stockholm County, Uppland, Sweden
Place of Burial: Uppsala, Uppsala County, Uppland, Sweden
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Herzog Magnus I von Sachsen-Lauenburg and Duchess Katharina von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel
Wife of King Gustaf Eriksson Vasa, King of Sweden
Mother of Erik XIV, King of Sweden and NN
Sister of Franz I von Sachsen-Lauenburg; Dorothea of Saxe Lauenburg; Sofie von Sachsen-Lauenburg, Gräfin zu Oldenburg-Delmenhorst; Clara von Sachsen-Lauenburg, Princessin, Herzogin zu Braunschweig-Lüneburg-Gifhorn and Ursula von Sachsen-Lauenburg, Herzogin zu Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Occupation: Drottning av Sverige 1531-1535, Wife and Queen, Sveriges Drottning, drottning av Sverige 1531-1535, Drottning av Sverige, Hertiginna av Sachsen-Lauenburg
Managed by: Sveneric Rosell
Last Updated:

About Katarina Saxe-Lauenburg, Duchess of Saxe-Lauenburg, Queen Consort of Sweden

KATHARINA von Sachsen-Lauenburg

  • Katarina of Saxony-Lauenburg
  • Queen in Sweden 1531-36. Became 21 years.
  • Parents: Magnus I of Saxony-Lauenburg (1468 - 1543) & Katarina of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1488 - 1563)
  • Born: 1513-09-24 Germany, Ratzeburg
  • Death: 1535-09-23 Stockholm 1)
  • Buried: 1560-12-21 Uppsala, Uppsala Cathedral, Uppland 2) Buried first in Stockholm's Storkyrka.

Married

  • Married: King Gustav Vasa Eriksson on 1531-09-24 in Stockholm, Stockholm's Storkyrka 3). Gustav I Vasa . Governor of Sweden in the years 1521-08-13 to 1523-06-06. King of Sweden in the years 1523-06-06 to 1560-09-29. Married (1): o 1531-09-24 in Stockholm with Princess Katarina of Saxony-Lauenburg . Daughter of Duke Magnus I of Saxony-Lauenburg and Katarina of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel . GUSTAF Eriksson, son of ERIK Johansson & his wife Cecilia Magnusdotter (Lindholmen 12 May 1496-Stockholm 29 Sep 1560). Regent of Sweden 1521-23. He succeeded 7 Jun 1523 as GUSTAF I King of Sweden married (firstly) in Stockholm 24 Sep 1531 KATHARINA von Sachsen-Lauenburg, daughter of MAGNUS II Herzog von Sachsen-Lauenburg & his wife Katharina von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (24 Sep 1513-Stockholm 23 Sep 1535).

Projects MedLands Sweden Project MedLands SWEDEN

1 Child born to King Gustav I Vasa and Queen Katarina, Drottning av Sverige

  • ERIK Prince of Sweden (Stockholm 13 Dec 1533-poisoned Örbyhus 26 Feb 1577). He succeeded his father in 1560 as ERIK XIV King of Sweden. He was deposed in 1569. married (4 Jul 1568) KARIN Mansdotter, daughter of ? (6 Nov 1550-Liuksala, Finland 13 Sep 1612).

Erik XIV & his wife KARIN Mansdotter had four children:

  • a) SIGRID (15 Oct 1566-24 Apr 1633). married firstly (1597) HENRIK Tott till Sjundley, son of --- (-[1600/01]). married secondly (1609) NILS Nilsson till Bro [Natt och Dag], son of --- (-18 Apr 1613).
  • b) GUSTAF (28 Jan 1568-Kaschin, Russia 22 Feb 1607).
  • c) HENRIK (24 Jan 1570-1574).
  • d) ARNOLD (1 Nov 1572-1573).

Erik XIV had four children by Agda Persdotter his Royal Mistress:

  • e) VIRGINIA (1559-1633) married (1585/6) HAKON Knutsson Hand (-1595/6).
  • f) CONSTANTIA (1560-1649). married ([1594]) HENRIK Frankelin (-1610).
  • g) LUCRETIA (1564-). married --- Zelow
  • h) MARGARETA (-1618). married (1592) OLAVIUS Simonis (-1639).

Source - Vasa Geneology- Adelsvapen, Tab 8 & 9

Source - Projects MedLands Sweden

Biography of Catherine of Saxony-Lauenburg, by Wikipedia

Catherine was the daughter of Duke Magnus I of Saxony-Lauenburg (died 1543) and Catherine of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel . She received a Protestant upbringing. The marriage was arranged for political reasons. After hearing in vain in Poland, Denmark and two German principals, Gustav was advised to enter into negotiations with Saxony-Lauenburg. The duchy was poor but its dynasty was akin to several of Europe's most powerful dynasties, it was a center for lego nectars that the king needed and it was Protestant, at the same time that Catherine's mother was well seen by the emperor and was able to make imperial contacts. Through this Gustav was able to make contacts with German princes but also with Denmark, when Katarina's sister, Dorothea of ​​Saxony-Lauenburg , was married to the Danish Crown Prince Kristian, later Kristian III . The marriage also linked Gustav with the old popular child's family from which Catherine originated, through her grandmother Catherine of Pomerania-Wolgast . Negotiations began in 1528, but lasted for several years. She received Korsholm and Kalmar counties and Öland as a life gift .

In the late summer of 1531, Katarina was escorted to Sweden on a fleet led by her future sister-in-law and brother-in-law Margareta Vasa and Johan of Hoya , and met her future husband when the ship anchored in Strömmen in September. The wedding ceremony took place in Stockholm on Katarina's 18th birthday and was followed by festivities which for the sake of prestige were made as magnificent as the Swedish court had the opportunity at this time. Shortly thereafter, the king's sibling Ebba Eriksdotter (Vasa )'s daughter Brita was betrothed to the king's favorite Gustav Olsson (Stenbock) and the king's niece Brita Joakimsdotter (Brahe) was betrothed to the national council Birger Nilsson (Grip), events where the royal couple hosted and which were the first official celebrations Catherine attended as queen after her wedding.

Almost nothing is known about Catherine's personality or her time as queen. No name lists are kept about her staff, although it is believed that she brought with her some chief ladies from Germany and that some of the daughters of the Council of Ministers were appointed to her chief virgins , including Margareta Eriksdotter (Leijonhufvud) . [ 1 ] In older Swedish literature, Catherine is described as whimsical, cold-hearted and constantly complaining about everything that was Swedish, and marriage has been described as unfortunate on grounds. [ 2 ] The opening of the grave indicates that she had a "fine" head and was 160 cm long. [ 3 ] Catherine descended in September 1533 with an heir to the throne, son Erik.

During a ball given in Stockholm in September 1535 in honor of her brother-in-law Kristian III of Denmark, when Catherine was probably pregnant, the queen fell so badly when she danced with Kristian that she fell asleep. Complications ensued, and Catherine died the day before her 22nd birthday with her unborn child.

Catherine was buried in the Great Church in Stockholm on October 1, 1535, but was only buried on December 21, 1560 in Uppsala Cathedral, with Gustav and his other husband Margareta Eriksdotter (Leijonhufvud) . A grave service is erected in the so-called Vasakoret behind the altar.

According to rumors spread by Lübeck and Rostock during the Count feud , Gustav Vasa should have killed Katarina by striking her in the head with an "ax hammer", a walking stick of silver, after he was told by a spy that Katarina had slandered him before the Danish king during the dance . [ 3 ] Investigations of Katrina's skull and bone during the 1940s have not shown any injuries that could be linked to such an event. [ 3 ] Kristian III of Denmark himself stated in a letter about how Catherine had fallen during the dance during his visit to Sweden.

In traditional historiography Katarina has often been described negatively and has been a poor example in contrast to Gustav Vasa's second wife Margareta Leijonhufvud, who has been portrayed in the same stereotypical way as the ideal queen.

Links:

Sources:

  • 1). H Hofberg - Sv Biogr Handl 1876
  • 2) Ingvar Andersson - Erik XIV
  • 3 ). Lars-Olof Larsson - Gustav Vasa - Country or Tyrant?)
  • 4). Jirí Louda and Michael MacLagan, Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe, 2nd edition
  • 5) (London, U.K.: Little, Brown and Company, 1999), table 28. Hereinafter cited as Lines of Succession.
  • 6) Louda and MacLagan, Lines of Succession, table 29.
  • 7) Larsson, Lars-Olof (2002). Gustav Vasa - country father or tyrant? . Stockholm: Prism. ISBN 91-518-3904-0 Tegenborg Falkdalen, Karin, Margareta Regina: by Gustav Vasa's page: [a biography of Margareta Leijonhufvud (1516-1551)], Setterblad, Stockholm, 2016
  • 8) Ivan Svalenius : Catherine in Swedish biographical lexicon (1973-1975)
  • 9) Tegenborg Falkdalen, Karin, Margareta Regina: by Gustav Vasa's page: [a biography of Margareta Leijonhufvud (1516-1551)], Setterblad, Stockholm, 2016
  • 10) Larsson (2002), p. 187
  • 11) Ivan Svalenius : Catherine in Swedish Biographical Lexicon (1973-1975)

About Catarina von Sachsen-Lauenburg, Drottning av Sverige (Svenska)


Katarina, som fick en protestantisk uppfostran, gifte sig på sin 18-årsdag 1531 i Stockholm med Gustav Vasa, kung av Sverige. Med giftermålet såg Gustav till att länka sig samman med den gamla folkungaätten från vilken Katarina härstammade, genom sin mormor, Katarina av Pommern. Det var ett politiskt äktenskap varmed Gustav kunde knyta viktiga kontakter med nordtyska furstar, men också för att Katarinas syster, Dorothea av Sachsen-Lauenburg, redan var gift med den danske kronprinsen Kristian, senare Kristian III, så att banden mellan de båda grannländerna också skulle stärkas i och med systerskapet. I äldre svensk litteratur beskrivs Katarina som nyckfull, kallsinnig och ständigt klagande över allt vad svenskt var, och äktenskapet har på extremt svaga grunder ansetts olyckligt.[1] Katarina nedkom 1533 med sonen Erik. Under en danstillställning i Stockholm 1535, då Katarina troligen var havande, föll drottningen så illa att hon blev sängliggande. Komplikationer tillstötte, och Katarina avled i barnsäng dagen före sin 22-årsdag jämte sitt ofödda barn. Katarina bisattes i Storkyrkan i Stockholm den 1 oktober 1535 men begravdes först den 21 december 1560 i Uppsala domkyrka, jämte Gustav och hans andra gemål Margareta Eriksdotter (Leijonhufvud). En praktfull gravvård är upprest i det så kallade gustavianska koret bakom altaret. Enligt samtida rykten, spridda av Gustavs fiender i det danska inbördeskriget, skulle han ha medverkat till hennes död genom att slå henne i huvudet med en yxhammare, något som användes som en slags promenadkäpp av dåtidens adel. Undersökningar av Katarinas kranium och ben har inte påvisat några skador som skulle kunna kopplas till en sådan händelse.


Drottning av Sverige.

Biografi på svenska Wikipedia.

_____________________________________

English

Katarina of Saxony-Lauenburg

Queen in Sweden 1531-36. Became 21 years.

Father: Magnus I of Saxony-Lauenburg (1468 - 1543)

Mother: Katarina of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1488 - 1563)

Born: 1513-09-24 Germany, Ratzeburg

Death: 1535-09-23 Stockholm 1)

Buried: 1560-12-21 Uppsala, Uppsala Cathedral, Uppland 2) Buried first in Stockholm's Storkyrka.

Marriage with Gustav Vasa (Eriksson) (1496 - 1560)

Wedding: 1531-09-24 Stockholm, Stockholm's Storkyrka 3)

Children:

Erik XIV Vasa (Gustavsson) (1533 - 1577)

Katarina of Saxony-Lauenburg became Sweden's Queen in 1531. Her time as queen became short since she died in 1535.

On December 13, 1533, Gustav and Katarina's only child, the son of Erik (XIV), was born.

In September 1535 she attended a celebration of Kristian III, the Swearer, who received powerful support from Sweden in the struggle for the Danish crown. Kristian has himself told how it probably happened that the queen fell falling during a dance. This led to her sudden death, the day before she was going to fill 22 years.

Katarina was small and pretty to the plant, barely 160 cm tall, shows the skeleton in Vasagraven in Uppsala Cathedral.

Sources:

_______________________________________

1).    H Hofberg - Sv Biogr Handl 1876
	 

2) Ingvar Andersson - Erik XIV

	 

3 ). Lars-Olof Larsson - Gustav Vasa - Country or Tyrant?)

4). Jirí Louda and Michael MacLagan, Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe, 2nd edition

5) (London, U.K.: Little, Brown and Company, 1999), table 28. Hereinafter cited as Lines of Succession.

6) Louda and MacLagan, Lines of Succession, table 29.

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Katarina Saxe-Lauenburg, Duchess of Saxe-Lauenburg, Queen Consort of Sweden's Timeline

1513
September 24, 1513
Ratzeburg, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
1533
December 13, 1533
Stockholm, Uppland, Sverige
1535
September 23, 1535
Age 22
Stockholm, Stockholm County, Uppland, Sweden
October 1, 1535
Age 21
Uppsala, Uppsala County, Uppland, Sweden
????