Fnu (Bnu) Moore

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Fnu Moore (Bnu)

Also Known As: "Cheepoke Harris"
Birthplace: Cheepoake Creek, West of Dismal Swamp, Va
Immediate Family:

Wife of John Moore, I, of Bertie Co. NC
Mother of Mary Williams, Old Cheraw and John Moore, II, of Bertie Co. NC

Last Updated:

About Fnu (Bnu) Moore


Fnu (Bnu) Harris was born circa 1658 in Cheepoake Creek, West of Dismal Swamp, Va.

Fnu married John Moore, I, of Bertie Co. NC. Together they had the following children: Mary Williams, Old Cheraw; John Moore, II, of Bertie Co. NC.

CHERAW HISTORY as Compared to OLD CHERAW 1500s LaSalle Records the Cheraw as Xualla, pronounce Sheerraw found in the Valley of the Xualla, north of Lake Borgne east of the present Ponchartrain formerly called Lago de Lado by the 16th and 17th century European explorers reported Saura villages ongoing up to the Blue Ridge on over to the Dan River which were neighbors of Catawba and Yadkin river natives. By 1650 Old Cheraw or "Churrah" was specific to Sarannaton Creek and Oropeak Creek near present day Coropeake, Va; where 3 Parker- named brothers received 1450 acres west of Dismal Swamp at Coropeake in what was on record the last official residence of Wahunseneca before he passed in King William Co. That land deed came from Richard Parker of Cranny Creek. The self termed name Old Cheraw carries down to the present, for their diaspora to the Granville regulator work and over to Old Cheraw's District named for them in 1668 and onto Cheraw, MS and in many places, including a Cheraw, CO named for some who moved there; but, the main core denoted 16 who enrolled with Mt Tabor Band of Cherokee denoted as 1/8 Cheraw; other main band went to Kiln, MS where the Lott-Fayard Indian School records reflect their being considered native by the Mississippi community in Hancock Co and up to Cheraw, MS area who transfer community came over by Federal Passport by Indian Territorial Agent, William W. Williams of Bush, La who supplied munitions to Jackson during the War of 1812; which, during their move from unfair treatment by the Kingston Co court disallowing natives to own guns, represented said transfer community in their petioning in 1809 and moving to New Spain Territory in 1810. Source: Horry Co Website - search engine - Kingston County Court Peition, Chief Men of the Nottoway. 1710: Due to attacks by Iroquois from the north, some Saura moved southeast and joined the Keyauwee tribe. 1715: John Barnes akaJohn Barnwell of SC conducted a census of Indians in the region. The number of Saura is listed at 510. 1733: Again they moved southward with the Keyauwee, and perhaps also the Eno, to the Peedee River in SC. 1738: A smallpox epidemic decimated the Saura and Catawba tribes. The remnants of the two tribes combined. 1743: The Saura are mentioned as with the Catawba but speaking their own distinct dialect. 1750: The Corapeake Cheapoke or Old Cheraw flip their land grand West of The Dismal Swamp to buy in Granville next to Col Eaton. 1759: Forty-five "Charraws," some of whom were under their chief, "King Johnny," joined the English in the expedition against Ft. Duquesne (Pittsburgh, PA) in the French and Indian War. 1761: A map from this year puts their village on the Peedee River below the Keyauwee village, near the boundary between the two Carolinas. 1768: The Saura who lived with the Catawba, reduced by war and disease, numbered only 50 or 60. Old Cheraw's District formed by the SC Legislative Assembly with voting member Capt Kedar Keaton marrying native and his line going to Indian Territory with Federal Indian Agent, "Choctaw Bill Williams". 1771: Some Saura apparently stayed in the north, because a newspaper of the time says a convicted felon was aprehended "near Drowning Creek, in the Charraw settlement". Drowning Creek is present-day Lumber River in NC.

The Cheraw name is preserved today in the Sauratown Mountains of Stokes County, NC and the SC town of Cheraw, the town in MS named Cheraw by those with Federal Passport in 1810 and whose personal reservations were from Presidents Jackson and Van Buren; also a town in CO by a group moving west, and one place in Mexico where the atDna story still can be tracked as well as the linguistic story behind the moves.

CHEEPOAKE/CHIPPOKES In Surry Co., VA on the James River is Chippokes Plantation Park. Capt. William Powell, a prominent colonial gentleman, received a grant for 550 acres of river frontage on Chippokes Creek in 1619. Named Chippokes Plantation, it and the bordering creek were named for an Indian chief who befriended the early English settlers. Under the ownership of Colonel Henry Bishop in 1646, the plantation was expanded to its present boundaries encompassing 1,403 acres.

Entries: 82327 Updated: 2017-07-30 11:53:10 UTC (Sun) Contact: John Clinard Index | Descendancy | Register | Pedigree | Ahnentafel | Download GEDCOM | Add Post-em ID: I00534 Name: Hannah Love , Saponi Indian Sex: F Birth: ABT 1703 in VA (probably full/mixed-blooded Saponi) Death: 1778 in Pittsylvania Co. VA or Amelia Co. VA Note: From David Stephens, Dec. 2013 So we have proof now that Family Loving of the Pamunkey River Basin c. late 1600s purchased land from Daniel Terry, brother of surveyor James Terry, in Amelia County/Raleigh Parish, that adjoined lands of David Crawford(d. 1762/Amherst Co.) whose son-in-Law was Joseph Terry, yet another brother of the surveyor---the surveyor who was granted 20,000a. on Turkeycock Creek, a watercourse that lies less than a mile from Northern Forks of Sandy River where widow Hannah "Love" Austin lived briefly---but returned to Raleigh Parish, Amelia County!

I guess that widow Hannah "Love" Austin was living with Richard Loving in 1766-71 in Amelia County. ___________

I have always wondered why Hannah Austin located to Amelia County after her husband's death. Was that her childhood home? Amelia was made out of Prince George County. She refused the terms of her husband's will and took her dower. Such a gesture implies that his debts were more than his assets. His creditors would have been satisfied first after which the heirs got whatever perecentage to which they were entitled. When she claimed her dower, she got her full third ahead of the creditors. She obviously knew what she was doing. Lloyd _______________ NAME: John's wife was an Indian woman, of the Saponi tribe, apparently of the Catawba Nation.

MARRIAGE: "Abstract of Minutes of Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions, Rowan Co., NC, 1753-1762," by Jo White Linn, p 38. NOTE: Source apparently states that John Austin, Jr.'s mother was an Indian.

MARRIAGE: A recording in the Rowan County (NC) Book, p 72 and dated 19 Apr 1755. Handwritten text was difficult to read (by Liz Austin Carlin), but best effort follows. TEXT: "Whereas John Auston (this would be John Austin, Jr.) and a Saponia Indian and Marry (Mary?) a Susquohanah Indian and Thomas Cattaba applied for a pass to the Catabe Nation being now on their journey to conclude a general peace with the Cattabas in behalf of the said nations and also presented three belts of Wampum to said Court by which the said Treaty is to be concluded.".


"Some researchers have indicated that John Austin, Sr. had a second wife, or mistress that was a Saponi. No record has ever been found to support this except for the fact that John, Jr. identified himself as a Saponi at a court hearing in Surry County. Valentine was also identified as an Indian at a court hearing in Surry County. Later, it was discovered that Richard (son) and Joseph were identified by the state of Virginia as Melungeons (Not of pure European blood). Since four of the five known children have been identified as "mixed blood" it is felt that there was only one mother for all the known children." (A Charles Edwin Austin statement).

DEATH-RESIDENCES: Evidence that Hannah Austin died before April 20, 1778, is the initial entry recorded in the Pittsylvania Co., VA Accounts Current Book 1, p 199. This accounting is entitled "Hannah Austin, deceased in account with Joseph Austin." The first entry date is April 20, 1778, which lists the tax on 4 slaves and brings the account forward with each entry date. Under the year 1783, is a charge for moving up from Amelia Co., VA in the year 1775, in the amount of 3 pounds, and directly beneath that entry: "Moving your goods 76? to John Fulton's and back, 15 shillings", then directly beneath that was written "Maintenance of Self & Negro for attendance for 4 years 50 pounds."

PROBATE: Order dated 17 Feb 1784 and recorded in Pittsylvania Co., VA Court Order Book 5, p 64. NOTE: Joseph Austin qualified as Administrator of Hannah Austin's estate. Another entry, dated 15 Mar 1784 and recorded on p 71 of Book 5, was an order to record Hannah Austin's estate's Inventory and Appraisement. Another entry, dated 16 Oct 1786 and recorded on pp 342, 384, was an order to record accounts current - Hannah Austin Estate.

RESIDENCE-LAND: Hannah Austin was residing in the Parish of Raleigh, Amelia Co., VA in 1767 and 1771, according to the records in Pittsylvania Co., VA regarding the building of the County's first Clerk of Courts office. The office building was built on land which Hannah Austin sold to the building contractor, James Roberts, Jr. A cour torder, recorded during the June 1767 session (held at Peytonsburg, VA) in Court Order Book 1, p 3, ordered that the court be adjourned until a hearing could be held at the plantation of James Roberts, Gentleman, on Sandy River. The purchase was consummated by a deed recorded 9 Mar 1771 in Pittsylvania Co., VA Deed Book 2, p 70,71 - James Roberts, Jr. from Hannah Austin for 45 pounds current money, and 303 acres on Sandy River, bounded by George Jefferson, James Smith. The first part of this deed reads as follows: "This Indenture made this ninth day of March in the year of our Lord Christ, 1771, between Hannah Austin of Amelia County of the one part, and James Roberts, Jr. of Pittsylvania County of the other part...." Hannah signed this deed with her mark in the presence of Joseph Austin, Adam Stubbs, and Joseph Morton.

A duplicate of this transaction was recorded 30 Jan 1772 in Pittsylvania Co., Deed Book 2, pp 384, 385. The first part of this deed reads as follows: "This Indenture made on 30th day of January 1772, between Hannah Austin of the Parish of Raleigh and County of Amelia (VA) of the one part and James Roberts of Camden Parish and County of Pittsylvania (VA) of the other part..." This was signed sealed and delivered in presence of William Compton, Gregory Durham, David Weatherby, Jean/Joan? Oakes, George Peayo?, Joseph Austin and Syrus Roberts.


LAND: Deed dated 25 Jul 1753, and recorded 5 Mar 1754 in Lunenburg Co. VA Deed Book 3, pp 434 -436. TEXT: "John Austin of Cumberland Parish in Lunenburg Co., VA to Joseph Austin of the same parish and county in trust for use and behoof of Hannah Austin; quit claim given for items noted and anything she may hereafter earn or purchase; Negro woman named Phillis; Negro woman named Janney; Negro girl named Hannah; large bay horse branded with three dots; side saddle; furniture now by her used; feather bed & furniture she bought and now uses; 2 trunks and warming jug pan given her heretofore; case of bottles given her by Mrs. Cocks; a puter (pewter ?) tea pott; 2 iron potts; use and occupation of 10 acres, part of land belonging to said John Austin adjoining the Falling River or Cole's road in the same parish near where the said John Austin now lives; permission to build at her own expense a house to dwell in on said land during her natural life, including a spring." Signed: John Austin. Witnesses: William Holt and Richard Austin.

This 1753 deed from John Sr. to son Joseph seems pretty clear. This predates his will. So he is giving property to Joseph for Hannah’s use. Hannah is John Sr.’s wife. Perhaps John was ill. I don’t know. He was certainly setting this list of items (including land and slaves and property) aside for Hannah’s use throughout her life… perhaps anticipating his own death. Negro girl named Hannah is just a coincidence. Quit claim is just a mechanism for re-titling deeds, I think… at least it is today. My mother quit claimed her house to my brother and me. Today the longer method is the warranty deed used when money exchanges hands, I think. Again, I’m no expert of moving property from one person to another. And who knows what all the laws were in VA in 1753.

Lloyd Bockstruck says they "sepatated" in 1753. He also says: " I have always wondered why Hannah Austin located to Amelia County after her husband's death. Was that her childhood home? Amelia was made out of Prince George County. She refused the terms of her husband's will and took her dower. Such a gesture implies that his debts were more than his assets. His creditors would have been satisfied first after which the heirs got whatever perecentage to which they were entitled. When she claimed her dower, she got her full third ahead of the creditors. She obviously knew what she was doing." ________ More about the 303a granted to Hannah in 1762: From Jane: Thank you for sending the deed mapper discussion. And yes Hannah Austin would have received the land patent in 1762 after John’s will was recorded 5 Feb 1760. The King wants his name on all the documents, but gives his well beloved Lieutenant Governor Francis Fauquier power to issue land patents. Why is Hannah’s document written this way?.…..so, I read at the Library of Virginia: “After the abolition of the charter of the Virginia Company of London in 1624, the administration of the colony was placed directly under the crown. As this included the disposal of land, it fell to the governor to use his broad powers to issue land patents.” So we could say George the 3rd gives power to the Colony and Dominion of Virginia to grant Hannah a land patent? 2) Just humor me and read these sentences at the beginning of the document [typed by Marie Orrick and given to me years ago.] Hannah Austin. 303 acres. George the Third to all you know that for divers good causes and considerations but more especially for and in consideration of the sum of thirty shillings of good and lawful money for our use paid to our Receiver General of our Revenue in this our Colony and Dominion of Virginia. We have given granted and confirmed by these presents for our heirs and successors. Do give Grant and confirm unto Hanna Austin one certain tract or parcel of land containing three hundred and three acres lying and being in the County of Halifax on the head of the North Ford of Sandy River and bounded as followeth to wit, Beginning at the east corner Spanish Oak hence a new line North one hundred and fifty two poles to Reads Line thence along this line North sixty degrees to a Red Oak south thirty five degrees East one hundred and forty poles to a Locust Tree North seventy five degrees East thirty six poles pointers news lines South forty degrees East fifty six poles to a white Oak tree. South forty five degrees. West two hundred and thirty two poles to ___ line then on his lines North seventy five degrees West eighty eight poles toward the said River to a Chestnut tree north six degrees. West seventy-four poles to the beginning. With all and to have and hold, to be held, yielding and paying, provided. In Witness our Trusty and Well Beloved Francis Fauquier, Esquire, our Lieutenant Governor and Commander in Chief of our said Colony and Dominion at Williamsburg under the Seal of our said Colony, the Twenty-fifth Day of March, One thousand seven hundred and sixty-two. In the Second year of our reign of George the Third. Signed: Francis Fauquier

This land is near Callands in today's Pittsylvania Co. DDP (Delorme VA Map 27 B6) has the following: 1351 Hannah Austin VPB 34:950 25 Mar 1762 303a Halifax/ on the head of the N fork of Sandy River DEED DATA POOL has the following: typ patent ref VPB 34:950 dat 25 Mar 1762 to Hannah Austin con 30 Shill. re 303a Halifax/ on the head of the N fork of Sandy River pt A) at Airs crnr. sp.o. ln n; 152p; New line pt B) Reads line ln N60E; 120P; Read pt C) r.o. ln S35E; 140P; pt D) Locust ln N75E; 36P; pt E) ptrs. new lines ln S40E; 56P; pt F) w.o. ln S45W; 232P; pt G) Airs line then on his Lines ln N75W; 88P; Airs lines xg sd River pt H) Ch. ln N6W; 74P; end

This line with family Airs tells us the property was very close to that of Daniel Pruett, father of Wealthy. In my Story of Wealthy we see a plot from Nancy Fatheree that shows this area.

_____________ A Brief Background for the SAPONI NATION

The ancestors of the Occaneechi-Saponi were an ancient people who collectively called themselves Yésah (the people). The Yésah originally came from lands to the west, over the Appalachian and Blue Ridge mountains in an area known today as the Ohio river valley. Nearly one thousand years ago, the Yésah came under attack from a powerful enemy. They were forced to migrate over the mountains to their east and settle in what is now the piedmont of Virginia and North Carolina. This land was known as Ahkontshuck or Amañishuck, meaning the high or hilly land. As the Yésah settled into the new land, they formed numerous villages such as Sapona (Saponi), Totero (Tutelo), and Occoneechee (Occaneechi).

The Occaneechi Band of the Saponi Nation - OBSN for short - is a small Indian community located primarily in the old settlement of Little Texas Pleasant Grove Township, Alamance County, North Carolina. The OBSN community is a lineal descendant of the Saponi and related Indians who occupied the Piedmont of North Carolina and Virginia in pre-contact times, and specifically of those Saponi and related Indians who formally became tributary to Virginia under the Treaties of Middle Plantation in 1677 and 1680, and, who under the subsequent treaty of 1713 with the Colony of Virginia agreed to join together as a single community... ______________ Saponi Indian Tribe History One of the eastern Siouan tribes, formerly living in North Carolina and Virginia, but now extinct. The tribal name was occasionally applied to the whole group of Ft Christanna tribes, also occasionally included under Tutelo. That this tribe belonged to the Siouan stock has been placed beyond doubt by the investigations of Hale and Mooney. Their language appears to have been the same as the Tutelo to the extent that the people of the two tribes could readily understand each other. Mooney has shown that the few Saponi words recorded are Siouan. Lederer mentions a war in which the Saponi seem to have been engaged with the Virginia settlers as early as 1654-56, the time of the attack by the Cherokee, probably in alliance with them. The first positive notice is by Lederer (1670), who informs us that he stopped a few days at Sapon, a town of the Tutelo confederacy, situated on a tributary of the upper Roanoke. This village was apparently on Otter river, southwest of Lynchburg, Va. Pintahae is mentioned also as another of their villages near by. It is evident that the Saponi and Tutelo were living at that time in close and apparently confederated relation. In 1671 they were visited by Thomas Batts and others accompanied by two Indian guides. After traveling nearly due west from the mouth of the Appomattox about 140 miles, they came to Sapong, or Saponys, town. Having been harassed by the Iroquois in this locality, the Saponi and Tutelo at a later date removed to the junction of Staunton and Dan rivers, where they settled near the Occaneechi, each tribe occupying an island in the Roanoke in what is now Mecklenburg county, Va. Lawson, who visited these Indians in 1701, found them dwelling on Yadkin river, N. C., near the present site of Salisbury, having removed to the south to escape the attacks of their enemies. Byrd (1729) remarks: "They dwelt formerly not far below the mountains, upon Yadkin river, about 200 miles west and by south from the falls of Roanoak. But about 25 years ago they took refuge in Virginia, being no longer in condition to make head not only against the northern Indians, who are their implacable enemies, but also against most of those to the south. All the nations round about, bearing in mind the havock these Indians used formerly to make among their ancestors in the insolence of their power, did at length avenge it home upon them, and made them glad to apply to this Government for protection." Soon after Lawson's visit in 1701 the Saponi and Tutelo left their villages on the Yadkin and moved in toward the settlements, being joined on the way by the Occaneechi and their allied tribes. Together they crossed the Roanoke, evidently before the Tuscarora war of 1711, and made a new settlement, called Sapona Town, a short distance east of that river and 15 miles west of the present Windsor, Bertie county, N. C. Soon after this they and other allied tribes were located by Gov. Spotswood near Ft Christanna, 10 miles north of Roanoke river, about the present Gholsonville, Brunswick county, Va. The name of Sappony creek, in Dinwiddie county, dating hack at least to 1733, indicates that they sometimes extended their excursions north of Nottoway river. Their abode here was not one of quiet, as they were at war with neighboring tribes or their old enemies, the Iroquois. By the treaty at Albany (1722) peace was declared between the northern Indians and the Virginia and Carolina tribes, the Blue Ridge and the Potomac being the boundary line. Probably about 1740 the Saponi and Tutelo went north, stopping for a time at Shamokin, in Pennsylvania, about the site of Sunbury, where they and other Indians were visited by the missionary David Brainard in 1745. In 1753 the Cayuga formally adopted the Saponi and Tutelo, who thus became a part of the Six Nations, though all had not then removed to New York. In 1765 the Saponi are mentioned as having 30 warriors living at Tioga, about Sayre, Pa., and other villages on the northern branches of the Susquehanna. A part remained here until 1778, but in 1771 the principal portion had their village in the territory of the Cayuga, about 2 miles south of what is now Ithaca, N. Y. When the Tutelo fled to Canada, soon after 1770, they parted with the Saponi (Hale was informed by the last of the Tutelo) at Niagara, but what became of them afterward is not known. It appears, however, from a treaty made with the Cayuga at Albany in 1780 that a remnant was still living with this tribe on Seneca river in Seneca county, N. Y., after which they disappear from history. _________________ My GGGG Grandfather John Austin b 1726 acknowledged that he was a Saponi before a P&Q Court hearing to seek permission to visit with, and secure peace with the Catawba in 1755.

I have now re-read John's abstract from the Pleas & Quarter(ly) court, the appearance was in Rowan Co, NC, records were transfered to Surry Co, NC when Surry Co was formed from Rowan - at least I read this in a Surry Co history at the Chattanooga Public Library several years ago.

John was the father of William Austin b 1750+/- his son;Hezekiah b 1787 his son; Jonathan 1823 his son; William Blevins Austin 1855; his son Ned Elric 1902; his son Charles, me.

I hope to make contact with other descendants of John Austin, Sr b 1692-1701 possibly in VA or NC. He married Hannah Love. Hannah was probably the source of Saponi blood in my family. Were the Saponi a matriarchal society?

Charles E Austin __________________

Hi everyone. I'm new to this forum and am very happy to have all your knowledge to draw on since I just found that one of my ancestors was Saponi.

I will just briefly list my line and hope that there will be others who either share it or have knowledge of it. Sorry, I don't have a gedcom.

John Austin b ca 1690 (or later) in England married a Saponi woman of the Catawba Nation. Her English name was Hannah Love. I descend through John's brother, Richard. His daughter Elizabeth Austin married Isaac Vernon. Their son Joseph Vernon Married ?(have no idea) Their son John Vernon married Sarah Sims/Lemuel. Their son Noah Vernon b 1805 married Sarah Lewellyn. Their daughter Sarah Amanda Vernon married Marcus Lafayette Batman/Bateman. Their daughter Mary Alice Batman married Joseph William Christian. Their son Jesse Milton Christian was my father.

Connected surnames include: Reed/Read (I'm looking for a John Reed b ca 1755-60), Jamison, McCartney, Baylor, Powers, Jones. I also have the surnames Martin, Evans, Sanders from another line.

I would love to know what John Austin's wife's Indian name was. I'm anxious to learn about the Tribe's culture, religion, art, clothing, etc.

Thanks in advance for your help,

Kathleen Rogalla _________________ Has anyone come across any clue as to the indian name of Hannah Love who was Saponi and the wife of John Austin or what the indian names of her parents? Hannah was adopted as a child when both her parents were killed, and was adopted by a white christian couple named Alexander and Elishe (Basye) Love. All of us can prove up to John and Hannah but cant move forward until we learn her name and those of her parents, I for one don't know where or how to find that information. I have little to no knowledge of how to track down records that far back. So any help would be greatly appreciated, any webswites that are know that could possiblely help me would also be appreciated....thank you Shirly Raymond, July 2012, posted to Saponi MessageBoard page

Father: Samuel Love b: ABT 1685 in Charles Co. MD Mother: Saponi Indian female

Marriage 1 John Austin , Sr. & E1b1a descent b: BET 1692 AND 1700 in probably New Kent, VA Married: ABT 1720 in New Kent (?) Children Has Children John Austin , Jr. & E1b1a b: ABT 1721 in New Kent Co. VA, mixed-breed Saponi Has Children Richardson (Richard) Austin , Capt. GA& kit32962 b: ABT 1723 in New Kent Co. VA, mixed-breed Has Children Lucy Austin , sister of Valentine b: BET 1725 AND 1730 in New Kent Co. VA, mixed-breed Has Children Stephen Austin b: ABT 1728 in New Kent Co. VA, mixed-breed Has Children Joseph Austin b: ABT 1730 in New Kent Co. VA, mixed-breed Has Children Valentine Austin , Sr. b: ABT 1736 in New Kent Co. VA, mixed-breed

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Fnu (Bnu) Moore's Timeline

Cheepoake Creek, West of Dismal Swamp, Va
Coropeake, Va