Frederick of Lorraine, pope Stephen IX

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Frederick of Lorraine, pope Stephen IX

German: Friedrich von Lothringen, papst Stephan IX., Italian: Federico Gozzelon di Lorena, papa Stefano IX, French: Frédéric de Lorraine, pape Étienne IX
Also Known As: "Stephanus IX (X)"
Birthplace: Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine, France
Death: March 29, 1058 (33-42)
Florence, Tuscany, Italy
Place of Burial: Church of St. Reparata, Firenze, Toscana, Italy
Immediate Family:

Son of Gothelo I "the Great", duke of Lorraine and wife of Gothelo “the Great”
Brother of Ada de Lorraine; Maud de Lorraine; Regilinde of Lorraine; Godfrey III, the Bearded, duke of Lorraine and Gonzelon II, duc de Basse-Lorraine

Occupation: 154th pope of the Catholic Church, 1057-1058
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Frederick of Lorraine, pope Stephen IX

Stephen (IX) X, Pope, born probably about the beginning of the eleventh century; died at Florence, 29 March, 1058. (Junian?) Frederick, destined to become Pope Stephen X, was the son of Gozelon, Duke of Lower Lorraine and of Junca, the daughter of Berengarius II, King of Italy.

Pope Stephen IX (c. 1020[1] – 29 March 1058) was Pope from 3 August 1057 to 29 March 1058.

His baptismal name was Frederick of Lorraine[2] (French: Frédéric de Lorraine), and he was a younger brother of Godfrey III, Duke of Lower Lorraine, who, as Margrave of Tuscany (by his marriage to Beatrice of Bar, widow of Boniface III of Tuscany), played a prominent part in the politics of the period.

Frederick, who had been raised to the cardinalate by Pope Leo IX, for some time discharged the function of papal legate at Constantinople. He was with Leo IX in his expedition against the Normans and at one time had to take refuge from Emperor Henry II in Monte Cassino. Five days after the death of Pope Victor II (who had made him cardinal-priest and abbot of Monte Cassino) he was chosen to succeed him as Pope Stephen IX.[3] He enforced the policies of the Gregorian Reform as to clerical celibacy, was planning for the expulsion of the Normans from Italy and the elevation of his brother to the imperial throne, when he was seized by a severe illness, from which he only partially and temporarily recovered.

Stephen IX died at Florence on 29 March 1058 and is considered by the current-day Roman Catholic Church to have been succeeded by Pope Nicholas II, though others consider his successor to be Pope Benedict X, officially regarded as an antipope.

-[2000] - Federico delle Ardenne o di Lorena era figlio di Gozelon, duca di Lotaringia; il nome della madre è ignoto.
-[2019] - "" ""
by Michel Parisse (1936-...) FR

- /!\ - " ...femme nommée Iunca fut fille de Berengier roy d'Italie: De la quelle il eut troys filz, I'vn nommé Fredericus, qui fut Pape....."

...Pope Stephen X, was the son of Gozelon, Duke of Lower Lorraine and of Junca, the daughter of Berengarius II, King of Italy. ... ...
by Horace Kinder Mann (1859-1928) UK. Priest, educator, and historian of the medieval papacy... ...

-/!\ ... Federico destinado a ser el papa Esteban X, era hijo de Gozelon, duque de la Baja Lorena, y Junca hija de Berengario II, rey de Italia. ...

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Frederick of Lorraine, pope Stephen IX's Timeline

Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine, France
March 29, 1058
Age 38
Florence, Tuscany, Italy
Firenze, Toscana, Italy