Gothelo I "the Great", duke of Lorraine

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Gothelo

French: Gonzelon, Finnish: Gothelo I the Great, duc de Lorraine, Swedish: Gothelo I the Great, duc de Lorraine
Also Known As: "Gothelo", "Gozelo", "Gonzelo", "Gozelo I van Lotharingen", "Duke Gothelon of Upper Lorraine"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Verdun, Meuse, Lorraine, France
Death: April 19, 1044 (82-91)
Verdun, Meuse, Lorraine, France
Place of Burial: Munsterbilzen, Flemish Region, Belgium
Immediate Family:

Son of Godefroi I the Captive, count of Ardennes and Matilda of Saxony, countess of Flanders
Husband of wife of Gothelo “the Great”
Father of Ada de Lorraine; Maud de Lorraine; Regilinde of Lorraine; Godfrey III, the Bearded, duke of Lorraine; Gonzelon II, duc de Basse-Lorraine and 1 other
Brother of Duchess Adélaïde d'Ardennes de Lorraine; Godfrey II, duke of Lower Lorraine; Gerberge de Verdun; Hermann, comte de Verdun et d'Enham; Roger de Verdun, Governor of Ambriences Castle and 5 others
Half brother of Arnulf II the Young, count of Flanders

Occupation: Margrave of Antwerp 1008, Count of Verdun, Duke of Lower Lorraine (Brabant) 1023, Duke of (Upper) Lorraine 1033, hertog van Lotharingen, Markgraf von Antwerpen, Hertug
Managed by: James Fred Patin, Jr.
Last Updated:

About Gothelo I "the Great", duke of Lorraine

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gothelo_I,_Duke_of_Lorraine

http://genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00141433&tree=LEO

Gothelo or Gozelo (c. 967 – 19 April 1044), called the Great, was the duke of Lower Lorraine from 1023 and of Upper Lorraine from 1033. He was also the margrave of Antwerp from 1005 (or 1008) and count of Verdun. Gothelo was the youngest son of Godfrey I, Count of Verdun, and Matilda Billung, daughter of Herman, Duke of Saxony. On his father's death, he received the march of Antwerp and became a vassal of his brother, Godfrey II, who became duke of Lower Lorraine in 1012. He succeeded his brother in 1023 with the support of the Emperor Henry II, but was opposed until Conrad II forced the rebels to submit in 1025. When the House of Bar, which ruled in Upper Lorraine, became extinct in 1033, with the death of his cousin Frederick III, Conrad made him duke of both duchies, so that he could assist in the defence of the territory against Odo II, count of Blois, Meaux, Chartres, and Troyes (the later Champagne).

In the Battle of Bar on 15 November 1037, Gothelo dealt a decisive blow to Odo, who was trying to creating an independent state between France and Germany. Odo died in the battle.

Gothelo died on 19 April 1044 and is buried in the Abbey Church of Bilsen. His son Godfrey succeeded in Upper Lorraine, but the Emperor Henry III refused to give him the duchy of Lower Lorraine as well. When Godfrey showed disagreement with the imperial decision, Henry III threatened to pass the duchy to Godfrey's incompetent brother Gothelo. This caused a long rebellion in Lotharingia between the allies of Godfrey (the counts of Flanders and Leuven) and imperial forces (1044-1056).

The name of Gothelo's wife is not known. He had the following children:

  • Godfrey the Bearded, duke of Upper Lorraine
  • Gothelo, duke of Lower Lorraine
  • Frederick, later Pope Stephen IX
  • Regilinda, married Albert II, Count of Namur
  • Oda, married Lambert II, Count of Leuven
  • Matilda, married Henry I, Count Palatine of Lotharingia

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/LOTHARINGIA.htm#Gozelondied1044A

C. DUKES of LOWER LOTHARINGIA 1012-1023, 1046-1065 (FAMILY of WIGERICH)



1. GODEFROI, son of GODEFROI Comte de Verdun & his wife Mechtild of Saxony (-26 Sep 1023, bur Verdun Saint-Vanne). "Adalberonem…episcopum, Fredericum et Herimannum comites, Godefridum atque Gozelonem" are named (in order) the five sons of "comiti Godefrido" & "Mathildis Saxoniæ comitissa" in the Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, which specifies that Godefroi and Gozelon succeeded as dukes[226]. The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Arnulphum comitem Flandrensem, Godefridum ducem, Gozelonem ducem, fratres" as children of "Mathildis soror Guepe et Berthe [Burgundi%C3%A6]"[227]. He was installed in 1012 as GODEFROI I Duke of Lower Lotharingia by Emperor Heinrich II. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that the emperor conferred "ducatus Lotharingie" on "comiti Godefrido Virdunensi, filio Godefridi Ardennensis" after the death of Otto Duke of Lower Lotharingia [Carolingian], an event which the chronicler records under 1005[228]. "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" renewed the privileges of Kloster Fulda by undated charter, placed in the compilation with other charters dated 1020, witnessed by "Godifridi ducis, Berinhardi ducis, Thiederici ducis, Welphonis comitis, Cunonis comitis, Kunrati comitis, Ottonis comitis, Adilbrahtis comitis, Bobonis comitis, Friderici comitis, Bezilini comitis, Ezonis comitis palatini"[229], the order of witnesses presumably giving some idea of the relative importance of these nobles at the court of Emperor Heinrich II at the time. "Ducis Godefridi eiusque fratris…marchionis Gozelonis" are named as present with Adalbold bishop of Utrecht at Driel, in an undated charter dated to before 1023, relating to the donation of Wamel[230]. The Annales Blandinienses record the death in 1023 of "Godefridus dux"[231]. The necrology of Liège Saint-Lambert records the death "VI Kal Oct" of "Godefridi pacifici ducis"[232].

2. GOZELON ([968/73]-19 Apr 1044, bur Münsterbilsen). The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Arnulphum comitem Flandrensem, Godefridum ducem, Gozelonem ducem, fratres" as children of "Mathildis soror Guepe et Berthe [Burgundi%C3%A6]"[233]. Count in the March of Antwerp. "Henricus…rex" granted property "inter flumina…Nitæ…Thila…Wauerwald in comitatu Gotizonis comitis qui Antwerf dicitur situm" to "nostrum bestiarum Baldrico sanctæ Leodicensis ecclesiæ presul nec non Baldrico comiti" by charter dated 12 Sep 1008[234]. "Ducis Godefridi eiusque fratris…marchionis Gozelonis" are named as present with Adalbold bishop of Utrecht at Driel, in an undated charter dated to before 1023, relating to the donation of Wamel[235]. He succeeded his brother in 1023 as GOZELON I Duke of Lower Lotharingia. Wipo, in his description of the election of Konrad II King of Germany in 1024, names him "Gozilo Duke of the Ripuarians"[236]. He succeeded in 1033 as GOZELON I Duke of Upper Lotharingia. "Adelaydis comitissa uxor quondam…Ludouici comitis" donated property "per manum Gozelonis ducis atque Godefridi…et pro eius amore Dominique Frederici prefati ducis fratris" to Verdun Saint-Vanne by charter dated to [1038/40], subscribed by "dux Gozelo et eius filius Godefridus"[237]. The Chronicon of Bernold records the death in 1044 of "Gozzilo dux Lotharingorum"[238]. The necrology of Lüneburg records the death "19 Apr" of "Gozlinus dux"[239]. Heinrich III King of Germany regranted "comitatum…in Thrente" to the bishop of Utrecht by charter dated 22 May 1046, which specifies that the grant was made "post obitum Gozlini ducis nostre"[240]. m ---. The name of Duke Gozelon's wife is not known. Duke Gozelon I & his wife had six children:

a) GODEFROI ([1000/1015] -Verdun 30 Dec 1069, bur Verdun Cathedral). Herimannus names "Gotefridus alter filius eius [=Gozzilo dux Lotharingorum]" when recording his being passed over in the succession to his father[241]. The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Godefridum ducem, Odam et Regelindam" as children of "Gozelo, frater Arnulphi et Godefridi"[242]. His birth date range is estimated on the basis of the estimated birth date of his father, and the more restricted birth date range of his sister Regelindis, although the absence of any information relating to his career before [1040] suggests that he may have been born in the later part of this period. He succeeded in 1044 as GODEFROI II Duke of Upper Lotharingia. He succeeded in 1065 as GODEFROI II "le Barbu" Duke of Lower Lotharingia.

- see below, Part E.

b) MATHILDE (-murdered Burg Cochem 17 Aug 1060). She is named "Mathildam, Gozelini ducis filiam" in the Annales Weissemburgenses, which record that she was murdered by her husband[243]. The Monumenta Epternacensia name "Mathilde Gozelonis ducis filia" as wife of "Heinricus"[244]. The Annales of Lambert von Hersfeld record in 1057 that “Heinricus palatinus comes Luthariorum” retired as a monk “in Gorzia”, but that “post paucos dies” he too back his wife and possessions (“uxoremque suam et possessiones...recepit”)[245]. The necrology of Weissenburg records the death "VI Kal Aug" of "Mahthild com a Henrico marito suo occiso 1060"[246]. m HEINRICH Pfalzgraf of Lotharingia, son of HEZZELIN Graf im Zülpichgau [Ezzonen] & his wife [--- of Carinthia] (-Echternach Abbey 29 Jul 1060).

c) GOZELON (-1046 before 22 May). Herimannus names "Gozziloni filius Gozzilo dux Lotharingorum" when recording his succession to his father[247]. Heinrich III King of Germany installed him as GOZELON II Duke of Lower Lotharingia in 1044 in succession to his father, while appointing his older brother as Duke of Upper Lotharingia. He was described as "ignavus" by the chronicler Hermann Contract von Reichenau[248]. He was deposed as duke of Lower Lotharingia and replaced by Frédéric de Luxembourg. The Annales Altahenses record in 1046 that the duchy was removed from "Gozziloni" and granted to "Friderico, Baioariæ ducis fratri"[249].

d) FREDERIC (-Florence 29 Mar 1058, bur Florence Santa Reparata). The Gesta Epsicoporum Virdunensium names "Fredericum, fratrem ducis Godefridi, archidiaconum Sancti Lamberti"[250]. Archdeacon of Liège St Lambert 1051. Papal Chancellor and Librarian 1051. Abbot of Monte Cassino and Cardinal 1057. He was elected Pope STEPHEN IX 2 Aug 1057. The Chronicon Hugonis names "Stephanus qui et Fredericus frater Godefridi ducis" when recording his election as Pope[251].

e) UDA (-23 Oct, after 1047). The Vita Sanctæ Gudilæ names "Oda…Gozelonis ducis filia" as wife of "Lambertus…comes" in a passage dated 1047[252]. The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Godefridum ducem, Odam et Regelindam" as children of "Gozelo, frater Arnulphi et Godefridi"[253]. "Baldricus…cum uxore mea Oda" founded the collegial church in Brussels by charter dated 1047[254]. m LAMBERT [II] Comte de Louvain, son of LAMBERT [I] "le Barbu" Comte de Louvain & his wife Gerberge of Lower Lotharingia [Carolingian] (-after 21 Sep 1062, bur Nivelles).

f) REGELINDIS ([1010/15]-after 1067). The Fundatio ecclesiæ Sancti Albani Namurcensis refers to the wife of "comes Albertus secundus" as "Gothelonis ducis filia" but does not name her[255]. The Chronicon Hanoniense names "Gosseclone ducis Lotharingie…[filia] Raelendem" as wife of "Alberto comiti"[256]. The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Godefridum ducem, Odam et Regelindam" as children of "Gozelo, frater Arnulphi et Godefridi"[257]. Her birth date range is estimated from her eldest son being born before 1035. She was given Durbuy as her dowry by her father. m ALBERT [II] Comte de Namur, son of ALBERT [I] Comte de Namur & his wife Ermengardis of Lower Lotharingia [Carolingian] (-[1063/64]).


http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/LOTHARINGIA.htm#Gozelondied1044A


Gozelon ([968/73]-19 Apr 1044, Bur Münsterbilsen) - 1023: Gozelon I Duke Of Lower Lotharingia.


  • Parents: Godefroi Comte De Verdun & His Wife Mechtild Of Saxony (-26 Sep 1023, Bur Verdun Saint-vanne).
  • x NN
  1. * Godefroi ([1000/1015] -verdun 30 Dec 1069, Bur Verdun Cathedral).
  2. * Mathilde (-murdered Burg Cochem 17 Aug 1060).
  3. * Gozelon (-1046 Before 22 May).
  4. * Frederic (-florence 29 Mar 1058, Bur Florence Santa Reparata).Pope Stephen Ix 2 Aug 1057.
  5. * Uda (-23 Oct, After 1047). M Lambert [II] Comte De Louvain, Son Of Lambert [I] "Le Barbu" Comte De Louvain & His Wife Gerberge Of Lower Lotharingia [Carolingian] (-after 21 Sep 1062, Bur Nivelles).
  6. * Regelindis ([1010/15]-after 1067).
  • Bro: Godefroi, 1012 :Godefroi I Duke Of Lower Lotharingia

- /!\ https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k8716691b/f450.image - " ...femme nommée Iunca fut fille de Berengier roy d'Italie: De la quelle il eut troys filz, I'vn nommé Fredericus, qui fut Pape....."

See Discussion about the question of what proof Richard de Wassebourg (d 1567) gives for finding or thinking that Iunca was Gozelo's (d1044) wife.


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Gothelo I "the Great", duke of Lorraine's Timeline

957
957
Verdun, Meuse, Lorraine, France
990
990
Lorraine, Grand Est, France
990
France
994
994
Verdun, Meuse, Lorraine, France
997
997
Verdun, Meuse, Grand Est, France
998
998
Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine, France
1019
1019
Age 62
Count of, Lower Lorrain, Upper Lorrain, 1034
1019
Age 62
Count of, Lower Lorrain, Upper Lorrain, 1034
1019
Age 62
Count of, Lower Lorrain, Upper Lorrain, 1034
1020
1020
Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine, France