Harav Yaakov Koppel Charif

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Rabbi Yaakov Koppel Altenkunstadt Reich, Charif, ABD Vrbové

Hebrew: רבי יעקב, חריף, אבד וערבוב
Also Known As: "Koppel Charif", "קאפל חריף אב"ד ווערבוי"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Altenkunstadt, Upper Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
Death: December 11, 1835 (69)
Vrbové, Slovakia
Place of Burial: Vrbové, Slovakia
Immediate Family:

Son of Tzvi Hirsch Altenkunstadt
Husband of Reisel [Liebele] Altenkunstadt
Father of Jeanette Sheindel Bustin; Josefine Pessel Dohany; Samuel Shmuel Zanvil Reich; Shimon Efraim Reich; Yitl Rosenzweig and 4 others
Brother of Avraham Arye Kunstadt and Mendel Reich

Occupation: rabbi at Verbo, writer of חידושי יעבץ.
Managed by: Pini Strom
Last Updated:

About Harav Yaakov Koppel Charif

רבי יעקב קופל אלטנקונשטט (או: אלטנקונשטאדט; נודע בכינוי ר' קופל חריף; ב' באייר תקכ"ו, 11 באפריל 1766, אלטנקונשטאדט, בוואריה - כ"א בכסלו תקצ"ו, 11 בדצמבר 1836, ורבו) היה רב, אב בית דין וראש ישיבה, ממנהיגי יהדות הונגריה, רבה של ורבו. תלמידו של הנודע ביהודה, ומחבר הספר "חידושי יעב"ץ".

http://www.hebrewbooks.org/pdfpager.aspx?req=19921&st=&pgnum=3

http://hebrewbooks.org/53059

Adapted from From Wikepedia [Note, the article contains errors, even though some have been corrected. The remaining errors will be corrected soon]:

Rabbi Yaakov Koppel Altenkunshtadt (1766–1835), also known as Reb Koppel Charif for his sharp (Hebrew: חריף) intellect, was one of the leading Orthodox Rabbis of Hungary in the first half of the nineteenth century. A peer of the famed Moses Sofer of Pressburg [Bratislava], Koppel Charif presided over what was at one time the largest and most prestigious yeshivas in Hungary.[1]

Early years: Reb Koppel Charif was born in the city of Altenkunshtadt, state of Bayern [Bavaria], Germany in 1766. (5526 on the Hebrew calendar). His father was the scholar Reb Tzvi Hirsh Altenkunshtadt. The family had resided in Altenkunshtadt for numerous generations. At the age of 10, Reb Tzvi Hirsh Altenkunshtadt sent his son to study in the yeshivah of the Gaon Rebbi Yoseph Shteinhart z”l, author of Responsa Zichron Yoseph, who led the community of Fiurda [F%C3%BCrth](1776-1784). After Shteinhart passed away, one year after Reb Koppel Charif's arrival, Reb Koppel Charif continued his studies under Gaon Rebbi Hirsh.[2]

In 1784 (Jewish year 5544) Reb Koppel Charif went to study under Yechezkel Landau of Prague, author of Noda bi Yehudah, where he soon attained the reputation of being the sharpest of all Rebbi Yechezkel Landau’s students and was awarded the title of meshuchrar (lit. free, unrestricted). The title indicated a student who had achieved full independence in scholarship and was free to attend or not attend classes as he wished. The only other student of the Gaon Noda biYehudah who earned this title was Reb Koppel Charif’s colleague, Rebbi Elyokim Götz Schwerin. During his time in Fiurda, Reb Koppel Charif's parents passed away.[2]

He lived in Prague for four years from 1784 to 1787 (Jewish years 5544 to 5547), till the age of twenty-one. In 1787 (Jewish year 5547) he became engaged to Raizel Pessels, the daughter of the scholar and merchant R’ Avrohom Pessels of Shtampfen [Stupava], Hungary. As the marriage was delayed for more than a year, he studied in Pressburg [Bratislava] at the yeshivah of the Gaon Rebbi Meir beReb Shaul, known as the Mahara”m beRebbi, Av Beis Din of Pressburg. The marriage finally took place in 1788 (Jewish year 5548).[2]

He studied in Shtampfen [Stupava] for a few months until he was appointed the rabbi in Karlburg [Rusovce] which he served from 1790 until 1792 (Jewish years 5550 until 5552) at which time he was chosen to be Rabbi of Verbau, Hungary.[2] [Vrbove, Slovakia].

Verbau [Vrbove]

Beginning of eulogy of Koppel Charif by Moshe Sofer Reb Koppel Charif served as Rabbi of Verbau for 45 years. He was well loved by the community and known for his humility, kindness, and accessibility. His life in Verbau was pleasant and tranquil and through him the city became famous for Torah scholarship. His yeshivah usually held about 150 students, which amounted to thousands over the decades. The yeshiva produced many scholars including Rebbi Osher Anshel HaLevi Yungreiz, author of the sefer Menuchas Osher, Rebbi Meir Eizenshtadt, Av Beis Din of Ungvar, author of Imrei A”sh, and Rebbi Itzok Aharon Landemberg.[2]

Reb Koppel Charif died 19 December 1835 (21st Kislev 5595) and was eulogized by the Chasom Sofer who had exchanged letters with him for several years. The eulogy appears in Moshe Sofer's commentary on Chumash, Toras Moshe, in parshas Vayechi.[2]

In his humility, Reb Koppel Charif did not publish his Torah or Talmudic commentary or halachic rulings. However, he sons did assemble manuscripts most of which were destroyed in a fire many years after his passing. Only his chiddushim on tractate Chullin were printed some months after his passing, by the name of Chiddushei Yaavetz on massechess Chullin. Moses Sofer wrote an approbation to that sefer.[2]

Also surviving the fire were novellae on tractate Gittin, on the three Bovos Bovo Kamo, Bovo Metzia, Bovo Basro], and on various discourses on the Talmud.[2]

References

Sonnenfeld, Shlomo Zalman (1983). Guardian of Jerusalem. Brooklyn, NY: Mesorah Publications. p. 16. ISBN 978-0899064581.

Duschinsky, C. (Yaakov Koppel (1918). Toldos Yaakov, The life and times of the Gaon Rebbi Koppel Charif of blessed and righteous memory. English translation, 2018.: C. (Yaakov Koppel) Duschinsky, Toldos Yaakov, The life and times of the Gaon Rebbi Koppel Charif of blessed and righteous memory (London: Rephoel Mazin and partners, 1918)

Rav Shlomo Zalman Sonnenfeld, Guardian of Jerusalem (Brooklyn, NY: Mesorah Publications, 1983).

About Harav Yaakov Koppel Charif (עברית)

הרב יעקב קופל אלטנקונשטט - ערך בוויקיפדיה

הרב יעקב קופל אלטנקונשטאט, הידוע כ"קופל חריף", הרב מוורבו, מחבר "חידושי יעבץ" (1837 - על מסכת חולין) ותלמיד של "הנודע ביהודה".

נולד בשנת תרכ"ו, והיה לרב בקהלת קדלבורג אצל פרסבורג בשנת תק"נ. ומשם לורבאו, סלבקייא, בשנת תרנ"ב. ונקרא לישיבה של מעלה בשנת תקצ"ו, ש"ק פרשת וישב זי"ע.

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Harav Yaakov Koppel Charif's Timeline

1766
April 11, 1766
Altenkunstadt, Upper Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
1788
1788
1788
1792
1792
Vrbové, Piešťany District, Trnava Region, Slovakia
1794
October 15, 1794
1799
1799
1800
1800
Vrbové, Piešťany District, Trnava Region, Slovakia
1810
1810
1813
1813