Jeriel Root, Sr.

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Jeriel Root, Sr.

Birthplace: Coventry, Tolland County, Connecticut
Death: June 18, 1857 (76)
Marshal County, Illinois
Place of Burial: North Hampton, Peoria County, Illinois
Immediate Family:

Son of Jehiel Root and Rachel Edgerton
Husband of Sarah Root (Coleman) and Sarah "Sally" Merrill Mark Root
Father of Clarissa Miner (Root); Lucia Root; Erastus Root; Emily Jones (Root); Lucas Root and 6 others
Brother of Assenith Hill; Natahn Root; Eliza Root; Anna Root and Arville Root

Occupation: Farmer; Justice of the Peace; Baptist Preacher; Commissioner & Supervisor of school in Peoria County 1831-1833
Managed by: Patricia Ann Scoggin
Last Updated:

About Jeriel Root, Sr.

Find a Grave# 11447745

Jeriel Root, Sr

  • Birth:  Dec. 31, 1780, Coventry, Tolland County, Connecticut, USA
  • Death: Jun. 18, 1857, Chillicothe, Peoria County, Illinois, USA
  • Husband of
    • 1) Sarah Colman, m. Sept. 16, 1801, &
    • 2) Sarah "Sally" Merrill Mark, m. May 3, 1840.  

Family links: 

  • Spouses:
    • Sarah Coleman Root (1783 - 1839);
    • Sarah Merrill Root (1796 - 1854)*
  • Children:
    • Clarissa Root Miner (1802 - 1866)*;
    • Lucia Root (1804 - 1834)*;
    • Erastus Coleman Root (1805 - 1896)*;
    • Emily Root Jones (1807 - 1890)*;
    • Lucas E Root (1810 - 1888)*;
    • Anna Clifton (1813 - 1838)***;
    • Jeriel Root (1816 - 1839)*
  • Inscription: Aged 76 yrs, 5 mos, 18 ds
  • Burial: Moffats/Roots Cemetery in North Hampton, Peoria County, Illinois, USA
    • Also known as Root Cemetery. (He deeded the cemetery to the township in 1848.)
    • Moffats Cemetery notes and/or description:
      • The cemetery is down Ratliff Rd, mostly gravel. Just East of Chillicothe, Peoria Co., Illinois.
      • Approximately three blocks south of Moffitt Road which runs East and West through Chillicothe, Peoria Co., Illinois.
      • Many headstones are lying face down or are falling over. Some are Veterans graves.
      • This is apparently a Moffitt family cemetery and is not the same as a Moffatt's cemetery that was downtown Peoria and paved over for a grocery store.
      • Sign says: Root Cemetery; Natural Area


(Hx of Baptist Church in Peoria & Elder Jeriel Root--see above note/part of what is avail) Primitive Baptist Church and Family History 
Research Assistance for Peoria County, Illinois CHURCHES: PEORIA (LASALLE PRECINCT)

  • The Peoria Church (LaSalle Precinct) was organized sometime between 1830 and 1836, but not later than 1836, as it united with the Sangamon Association in September 1836.
  • Elder Jeriel Root was born in Connecticut, in 1780, where he married Sarah Coleman.
  • They later moved to Dutchess Co., N. Y., where he served as pastor of a Baptist Church.
  • Still later, they moved to Delaware Co., N. Y., where he was a charter member of the Second Roxbury Church, and then to Ross Co., Ohio (in 1817), where he was active in the Big Bottom and Beaver Churches in the Scioto Association.
  • They came to Hallock twp., Peoria Co., Ill., in 1830, and settled on the north end of LaSalle Prairie, near Chillicothe or Northampton, in the northeast corner of the county, near the Marshall County line.
  • Sister Root died in 1839, and he in 1857, and they were buried in the Root cemetery near their home, in Hallock township, which Elder Root had given to the township in 1848.
  • A study of the Root cemetery makes us believe it was the burial ground of members of the Peoria Church, and we think it is probable that the Peoria Church met in a log building at the site.
  • Elder Jeriel Root was politically-minded;
    • he was defeated a number of times as a candidate for the state legislature, from Peoria County, as early as 1832.
  • In 1855 he published a work entitled, Analysis of Theology, Law, Religion, and the Rights of Man, a copy of which is in our collection.
  • While living in Ohio, Elder Root served as clerk of the Scioto Association, for several years, and wrote a Circular letter which was published in their 1823 minutes, of which we have a copy.
  • In the fall of 1836, Elder Root was present as a member of the presbytery which constituted the Princeton Church (see the history of Bureau County), but this church was taken over by Henry Headley (a novice who had been ordained at Peoria city shortly after a church was organized there in August 1836). Headley led the Princeton church into the mission system. Elder Root then assisted Elder James B. Chenowith, who had been forced out of the Princeton Church, and in September 1836, Elder Root was in the presbytery which constituted the Sandy Creek Church at Ox-Bow (see the history of Putnam County), where Elder Chenowith served as pastor until his death in 1866.
  • The Peoria Church was called "Peoria, Lasalle Precinct" - a name which referred to this section of the county for voting purposes; it was located near the travel route between Peoria and other towns further north.
  • Elder Jeriel Root was the messenger from the Peoria Church to the Sangamon Association each year that it represented; in 1837, he wrote an excellent Circular Letter which was published in the minutes of that year.
    • The Peoria Church reported 13 members in 1836; the number of members reported in 1839 and 1840 was 21.
    • In 1840, the church requested the Association to consider the tenth article of faith, and compare it with the second, and see if there is not an inconsistency. The Association decided that they were satisfied with those articles as they are.
    • The church was dropped from the Sangamon Association in 1841 for failing to represent. We have no later information.
  • Elder Root's brother-in-law, Elder Gershom Silliman, was also a minister in Jefferson Church in the Scioto Association, during the same period of time, which was prior to the division of the Baptists in that part of Ohio. After coming to Illinois, he may have been affiliated with the Peoria LaSalle District church, at first, but by 1836 he had manifested his support of the mission system and had assisted in the formation of missionary churches and of the Illinois River Association (a missionary body).


Info about Possible Father:

Re: JERIEL ROOT, b. 1780, Coventry, CT; Posted by: Stephen Root; Date: October 16, 2000 at 11:52:40; In Reply to: JERIEL ROOT, b. 1780, Coventry, CT by John G Shuck

Dear John,

  • I just discovered GenForum and noticed your message asking about ancestors of Jeriel Root, b. 1780, Coventry, CT. It is possible that his father was Jesse Root (1736-1822) of Coventry, CT. According to the records handed down to me from my grandfather,
  • Jesse Root was born in Coventry on December 28, 1736. He died March 29, 1822.
  • married Mary Banks of Newark, N.J. on May 18, 1758. She died August 6, 1813.
    • They had nine children all born in Coventry, one of whom may be Jeriel, although I only have records on the one from whom I am descended, James Banks Root.
  • Jesse Root graduated from Princeton with first honors in 1756, where he studied theology.
    • He was licensed to preach by the Hartford South Association.
    • He then switched to studying law, and became an attorney in Windham in 1763.
      • He practiced law for 26 years.
  • He was an influential member of the Council for Safety which George Washington consulted when the Benedict Arnold treachery was discovered.
    • The council originated and completed the plans for the capture of Ticonderoga and Crown Point, and the siege of Yorktown.
  • He was in the revolutionary army
    • starting as a Captain on December 30, 1776 and
    • was later promoted to Lieutenant Colonel, then
    • Adjutant General, being discharged by General Putnam.
  • He was a Delegate to the Continental Congress May 1779-1783.
  • He was Judge of the Superior Court and Chief Justice of Connecticut from 1797-1807.
  • His Root ancestors, according to my records are:
    • Ebenezer Root (1693-1760)
    • Thomas Root III (1667-1756)
    • Thomas Root II (1644-?)
    • Thomas Root I (1605-1694)
    • John Root (circa 1580-?)
    • Thomas Roote (1555-1609)

I have information on these people as well. Steve Root

view all 16

Jeriel Root, Sr.'s Timeline

December 31, 1780
Coventry, Tolland County, Connecticut
June 23, 1802
Dutchess County, New York
February 22, 1804
July 26, 1805
Roxbury, Delaware County, New York
May 10, 1807
February 6, 1810
Roxbury, Delaware County, New York
February 6, 1812
December 11, 1813
New York, United States
March 18, 1816
Dansville, Livingston County, New York